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Governor's Challenge Summaries
The Education Challenge
The Vision
 
To provide quality education for every child.
 
To foster and improve student achievement.

The Rationale
Success in the 21st Century will demand that Oregonians have higher skill levels and a broader range of knowledge than ever before. Productive, economically self-sufficient members of society will need a superior, comprehensive education stretching from pre-kindergarten through post-secondary training and life-long learning.

The Strategy
Oregon’s public education institutions serve over 950,000 students a year. Our State system of schools, community colleges, and the university system form the "Education Continuum" team. They provide educational services and opportunities seamlessly to meet Oregonians´ needs.
 
Only by investing in all phases of the educational system can we prepare our children for the 21st Century.
Policymakers and education leaders have recognized the need for more information with which to better determine cost-effective strategies to improve student performance.

The Goals
We will use Oregon Benchmarks to measure our statewide success in achieving these goals:
Increase to 50 percent the number of children served by pre-kindergarten programs.
Increase the percentage of children achieving reading and math standards on state assessment tests.
 
Each school district will have approved plans for improving student achievement.
 
Increase enrollment at Oregon’s colleges and universities.
Increase in high school graduates attending college.

The 1999-2001 Budget Proposal
School Improvement Fund -- $100 million. School districts will submit plans for improving student performance with measurable performance benchmarks. The State Board of Education will establish the criteria and approve plans for use of the School Improvement Fund resources. These benchmarks will include improvement in student scores, drop-out rates and others. These plans will be updated and included as part of their Consolidated District Improvement Plans.
 
Major technology infrastructure projects -- $50 million. These funds are for major project activities necessary to directly network classroom voice, data, and video communications to the Internet or other approved backbone or telephone service.
 
Distressed Schools Fund -- $20 million. School districts face individual challenges to student performance. School districts which face multiple barriers to student learning and achievement may qualify for additional resources from the Fund. This Fund will help overcome that combination of barriers, which disadvantages student achievement. Barriers may include socio-economic factors, special infrastructure costs due to declining enrollments, and multi-lingual student populations.
 
Statewide K-12 database implementation -- $3.3 million. The database pilot project will be completed in the 1997-99 biennium. The statewide implementation is proposed for 1999-2001. Database information is valuable to all policymakers, managers, and education stakeholders. This project will also allow development of a model to better inform policy makers on funding decisions for K-12 schools. The following 16 education districts were voluntary participants in the database pilot project. We recognize their special contributions and efforts:
Bend-LaPine David Douglas
Eugene Glendale
Hood River Lake Oswego
Central Linn Lake Educational Service District
Lakeview Greater Albany
Lincoln County Salem-Keizer
Portland LaGrande
Nyssa Mitchell
Provides an additional $3.5 million in General Fund and Federal Funds to serve 50 percent of eligible children with pre-kindergarten programs.
 
Increasing target enrollment populations in universities and community colleges -- $10 million. The Oregon university system will focus on high-demand educational programs such as teacher training and engineering. The community colleges will seek to enroll an additional 1,249 new students who need the advantages of distance learning services.
 
Tuition freeze for resident undergraduates at higher education institutions in Oregon -- $15.3 million.
 
Creating new partnerships between universities and community colleges -- $5.8 million in current service level.
 
Recruitment and retention of faculty within the Oregon university system -- $5 million. This funding allows Oregon universities to compete around the world for quality educators.
 
Improving public universities' quality and responsiveness to students and the marketplace - $44.7 million.

State Partner Roles
Governor’s Office of Education and Workforce Policy (Initiative Leader) -- Coordinates all agency activities.
Oregon Department of Education/State Board of Education -- Administers programs for pre-kindergarten, and kindergarten - high school.
Office of Community College Services/State Board of Education -- Administers community college programs.
Oregon University System/State Board of Higher Education -- Administers all four-year university programs.
Oregon State Scholarship Commission -- Administers post-secondary student financial assistance programs.
Teacher Standards and Practices Commission -- Approves teacher preparation programs and administers teacher/administrator licensing programs.

Other Partners
Oregon Head Start Association.
Congress of Parents and Teachers.
Oregon School Boards Association.
Confederation of Oregon School Administrators.
Oregon Education Association.
Oregon School Employees Association.
Association of Oregon Industries.
Oregon Business Council.
Oregon Community College Association.
Oregon Student Association.
Community Colleges Student Association and Commissions.
Oregon Independent College Association.

Juvenile Crime Challenge
The Vision
 
To make our communities safer.
To preserve the future of our children.

The Rationale
Juveniles account for more the one-quarter of all arrests in Oregon. The juvenile arrest rate for property crimes is 74 percent above the national average. Total juvenile arrests are expected to increase by more than one-third between 1995 and 2003.
 
As a state, we have chosen to address crime after it occurs. We have built or sited more than 10,000 prison and jail beds. We have doubled the capacity of the State’s juvenile corrections system.
 
While hundreds of millions are spent on incarceration, surprisingly little has been invested in the proven strategies of intervention and long-term prevention. Research has shown us how to identify youth at risk of committing crimes. Model programs and community-based strategies can help these youth turn their lives around.

The Strategy
Mobilize a broad range of public and private partners at the state and local level.
Invest in proven, effective prevention tools with measurable results.
Focus on youth with the greatest risk of criminal activity.

The Goals
We will use Oregon Benchmarks to measure our success, statewide, in achieving these goals:
Reduce juvenile arrests for serious crimes.
Reduce anti-social behavior among juveniles.
Improve academic performance for at-risk youth.
Create safer family environments for at-risk youth.
Improve peer relationships among youth.
Reduce use of alcohol and drugs among juveniles.

The 1999-2001 Budget Proposal
High-Risk Juvenile Crime Prevention Partnership -- $30 million General Fund. Counties will receive $19 million for local prevention plans; $10 million for juvenile detention, shelter, sanctions, supervision and aftercare; $1 million for state evaluation and administration.
 
Alcohol and Drug Abuse treatment and prevention -- $20 million General Fund and Other Funds. These funds will expand treatment services and prevention programs.
 
Expansion of Oregon Pre-Kindergarten program to 50 percent of eligible children -- $3.5 million General Fund and Federal Funds.
 
Home visits for early childhood development -- $7 million General Fund and Federal Funds.
 
Distressed schools fund -- $20 million General Fund. These funds will be used to overcome individual challenges to student performance. They will be targeted to school districts with multiple barriers to achievement.

State Partner Roles
Governor’s Office -- coordinates state agency activities.
Criminal Justice Commission -- staffs the High-Risk Juvenile Crime Prevention Partnership. Funds evaluation studies. Provides prevention grants to counties.
Commission on Children and Families -- provides funds for community prevention programs targeting younger children. Funds Healthy Start programs.
Oregon Youth Authority -- manages the State’s juvenile corrections program. Provides funds to counties for detention, shelter, and other services. Building the statewide juvenile justice information system.
Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs -- provides funding, training, and assistance to local alcohol and drug programs.
Department of Education -- operates programs to keep at-risk youth in school. Funds Oregon Pre-Kindergarten program -- Operates Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education programs. Distributes Safe and Drug Free Schools funds.
State Office for Services to Children and Families -- helps protect abused and neglected children.
Oregon State Police -- participates in DARE, Juvenile Firestarter, SAFE KIDS, and other programs. Collects and publishes arrest data.
Health Division -- provides assistance on school violence, risk factors, and youth suicide prevention.
Adult and Family Services Division -- runs programs to help keep teen parents in school.
Oregon Military Department -- operates the Youth Challenge Program for at-risk youth who have not been arrested.
Mental Health and Developmental Disability Services Division -- funds community mental health programs.
Department of Justice -- provides legal support to prevention efforts.
Department of Public Safety Standards and Training -- offers training to police officers in child abuse and cultural diversity.
Department of Corrections -- works with adult offenders to reduce risk factors affecting their children.
Oregon Liquor Control Commission -- works to prevent alcohol sales to minors.

Other Partners
Juvenile Crime Prevention Advisory Committee.
League of Oregon Cities.
Association of Oregon Counties.
Oregon State Sheriffs Association.
Oregon Association Chiefs of Police.
Oregon Juvenile Department Directors Association.
Oregon District Attorneys Association.
Oregon Parent/Teachers Association.
YMCA of Marion and Polk counties.
Governor’s Council on Domestic Violence.

The Livability Challenge
The Vision
 
To make our communities more livable.
 
To protect and preserve our quality of life.

The Rationale
Oregon’s population has grown by 500,000 since 1990. In the next 20 years, our population is expected to grow by another 900,000. Our challenge is to channel this growth and maintain our prosperity while enhancing and protecting the quality of life that defines our state.
 
Oregon's growth has been strong but uneven. Some communities have seen double-digit growth, while others are barely growing. Since 1970, we have relied on land use planning and zoning laws to manage growth. They are not enough. We need incentives and better coordination to complement our laws.
 
We cannot allow growth problems to diminish the very things about Oregon which make it a special place to live. Instead, we must manage growth in ways that enhance the quality of life for us all. We must do this together, in ways that meet our varied needs and interests.

The Strategy
Governor Kitzhaber proposes the Livability Challenge. This Challenge consists of:
 
The 21st Century Community Fund. The Fund will leverage existing revenues from both the Oregon Lottery and transportation funds to invest in affordable housing, transportation services, water and sewer projects, and secondary street improvements.
 
The Community Solutions Team. This group is an interagency team that works with local governments and community leaders on collaborative planning and problem solving. The five State members are the departments of Transportation, Land Conservation and Development, Economic Development, Housing and Community Services, and Environmental Quality.

The Goals
We will use Oregon Benchmarks to measure our success, statewide, in achieving these goals:
Create more jobs in distressed rural and urban communities.
Increase the supply of affordable housing.
Reduce traffic congestion and sprawl.
Revitalize downtown areas and main streets.

The 1999-2001 Budget Proposal
 
     Economic Development Department
Expand sewer, water, and community infrastructure investments. This is funded with $40 million in lottery revenue bonds. There is more than $700 million in documented infrastructure need in rural areas of the state. The funds will be used to provide grants and loans to communities to meet standards for safe drinking water and wastewater treatment. It will also be used to promote economic development.
 
Matching funds to obtain $25 million in Federal Funds for community water projects. The federal money is from the Safe Drinking Water act. This money funds low-interest loans to communities to construct water system improvements needed to meet health standards.
 
Resources are available for investments at the regional level. These resources may be used to promote growth and job creation in distressed areas, as well as to deal with growth challenges, such as the need for planning resources in high growth areas.
 
     Housing and Community Services Department
Expand resources for affordable housing. The budget includes $5 million to meet more of the state’s unmet housing needs. In 1997, the agency was able to help only 28 percent of families who were eligible to receive help. This additional funding will allow the agency to help more families. It will enable the agency to more adequately meet the Governor’s objectives in the areas of coordination of agency activities, locally based solutions to housing affordability, growth management, and social support initiatives for housing.
 
New State incentive fund. The fund is financed with $25 million in lottery bonds. It will be used to rebuild downtown and community centers in communities of all sizes. It will provide affordable housing and create jobs in rural and distressed areas of the state. When development is focused on in-fill sites and the creation of "mainstreets," local governments are able to make wise use of transportation and other infrastructure while promoting a sense of community for citizens. An advisory board will craft the specific aspects of this program.
 
Partnership with the Department of Human Resources. The agencies will develop projects that address low-income housing needs using resources from both agencies.
 
     Department of Transportation
Oregon Transportation Network. The following four elements compose a new transportation network to serve all Oregonians, including the elderly and disabled. General Fund will support $14 million for high speed rail and connecting buses to all regions of the state, $10 million General Fund and $10 million Federal Funds for elderly and disabled transportation. This will leverage additional resources in the human services programs.
 
Elderly and Disabled. This program will provide transit services for the elderly and disabled. Working with the Department of Human Resources, the agency will set up a brokerage to put riders together with rides.
 
Transit. Funding is also available for local entities to purchase buses and vans to support the brokerage. The expected outcome is an increase from 3.8 rides per person per year in 1997 to 6.0 rides per person in 2000.
 
High Speed Rail. This has been a high priority for the Governor and cities and counties in the Willamette Valley. Ridership in the Pacific Northwest corridor increased 15 percent in 1997. The budget enhances rail and bus service between Portland and Eugene, in conjunction with a high speed rail corridor that has been established in cooperation with Amtrak, the State of Washington, and the province of British Columbia. The budget includes $14 million General Fund to expand train and bus service, and an additional $27.8 million Federal Funds for track and train station improvements and other capital costs.
 
Partnership with the Department of Human Resources. The agencies will match human resource clients with the transportation network. This is expected to achieve service efficiencies.
 
Access Acquisition. The location of entrances onto state highways can increase or decrease a driver´s safety. Access acquisition would enable the agency to purchase the right of getting on and off state highways. The budget has $20 million Other Funds for this project.
 
Local Street Networks. Congestion is increasing on the state´s roadways. The agency can increase local, secondary street capacity to handle traffic. These roads feed major intersections and highways. With more capacity on the secondary network, drivers could avoid busy intersections and heavily traveled roads. Cost is $30 million Other Funds. Funding for networks and access comes from revenue bond proceeds.
 
Department of Administrative Services, Housing and Community Services, Department of Environmental Quality, and Department of Land Conservation and Development.
 
Regional Field Teams and Community Development Office.  Add positions to work collaboratively at the local level on community development issues. The teams are directed to solve problems, rather than run programs.

State Partner Roles
Governor’s Community Solutions Team. Coordinates state actions.
Economic Development Department. Focusing on job creation and infrastructure funding.
Department of Housing and Community Services. Focusing on investments in affordable housing.
Department of Land Conservation and Development. Regional problem solving and land use issues.
Department of Environmental Quality. Assists in waste water systems and other environmental issues.
Department of Transportation. Funding for transportation services and coordination for the Oregon Transportation Network.
Department of Human Resources. Working with the Housing and Transportation departments to help fund quality communities.

Local Government Partners
Association of Oregon Counties. Assisting Oregon´s counties with planning and coordination.
League of Oregon Cities. Assisting Oregon´s cities with planning and coordination.

Other Partners
Oregon Home Builders Association.
Associated Oregon Industries.
Livable Oregon, Inc.
Oregon Transit Association.
Oregon General Contractors Association.
Oregon Environmental Council.