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General Information
Warner Valley in Eastern Oregon
The Department of State Lands (DSL) manages approximately 630,000 acres of rangeland in southeast Oregon, primarily in Lake, Harney and Malheur Counties. The majority of the land is semi-arid uplands suited for livestock grazing. All revenue from leasing state rangeland is deposited into the Common School Fund.
In 1982, 42 larger “blocked” parcels (leaseholds) were created through trading state-owned parcels with lands belonging to the Bureau of Land Management.  These blocked rangelands cover approximately 525,000 acres with the remaining 105,000 acres left in smaller "isolated" parcels. These smaller "isolated" parcels are typically in-holdings within large private or federal tracts of land in which DSL has little management control. Together, these leases have a carrying capacity of about 62,000 Animal Unit Months (AUMs). An AUM is the minimum area of land necessary to sustain grazing by one cow for one month. 
DSL staff in Bend administers and manages rangeland leases under administrative rules (OAR 141-110) adopted by the State Land Board. Forage leases are contractual agreements with lessees for grazing livestock on state lands, and are valid for a term of no longer than 15 years. 
Forage lessees may apply to sub-lease all or part of the leasehold using a Sub-Lease Application. In the event a lessee wants to transfer a forage lease to another party, the lessee may apply by submitting an Assignment of Lease Application.
Trailing – or moving – livestock across state land is prohibited without a trailing permit. Lessees may trail livestock across their leasehold.  To apply for a livestock trailing permit, complete and submit a Livestock Trailing Application.

2014 Rangeland Newsletter​
Slideshow of Oregon Rangelands​

Forms for Rangeland

Application for Improvements PDF 
Actual Use Reporting Form PDF 
Rangeland - Forage Lease Application PDF 

Personal-Use Woodcutting
Several parcels across central and southeast Oregon are open for personal-use woodcutting.  Permits are available for purchase at the Eastern Region Office in Bend (1645 NE Forbes Rd., Suite 112). Woodcutting is allowed only in posted areas, and DSL prohibits cutting old-growth trees.  
More information about DSL’s rangeland program is available from the Eastern Region Office.

Rangeland Inventories
In 2002, DSL began inventorying the 525,000 acres of blocked rangeland parcels. This annual effort yields important data for assessing ecological conditions, establishing livestock carrying capacities and implementing ecosystem improvements. Since 2002 approximately 321,000 acres have been inventoried.
Map of completed rangeland inventories​ through 2010. (Pdf file - 4MB)

Leasehold Management Plans
DSL manages its blocked parcels through leasehold management plans. The plans are developed by department staff using rangeland inventory data, and in consultation with the lessee and other interested parties such as the Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Natural Desert Association and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The plans include grazing schedules by pasture and specific management objectives for each leasehold. Once drafted, the plan is widely circulated for public comment.

Area Management Plans
Stockade Block 

Vacant Rangelands for Lease
For information regarding vacant rangelands for lease in your area, contact DSL's  rangeland manager; 541-388-6456.
Wagon Tire 



Forage Lease Rate Calculation
DSL uses a “crop share” approach to determine the compensation for forage leases. Revenues from forage leases are based on a price per AUM as determined by the department’s grazing fee formula: AUM Compensation Rate = G x CC x S x P
For the purpose of determining the base AUM compensation rate, the following formula factors shall be used:
G = Animal gain per month (35Lbs)
CC = Marketable calf crop (80%)
S = State share (25%)
P = Average weighted calf price shall be based on 90% of the USDA National price data indicating the average sales price of calves for the preceding one year period based on an October through September year.
Refer to the link for a history of past grazing fees. 2012 grazing fee is $8.48.

2008 Grazing Fee Advisory Committee
Between April and September, industry, conservation, scientific, education and at-large public representatives met to discuss and make recommendations to DSL on establishing formulas for calculating lease rates on more than 630,000 acres of rangeland. 
In 2004, the Secretary of State conducted an audit to determine if DSL was maximizing long-term income from rangeland assets.  The audit report directed the agency to “review the grazing fee formula and factors at least once every three years as required by Oregon Administrative Rule.”