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Ratio Tables
Certified Family Ratio Tables
Excerpted tables from Certified Family Child Care Home Rules. Note: These tables are referenced in the Child Care Division’s Administrative rules  on the Secretary of State’s website.
 
414-350-0120     Caregiver/Child Ratios and Supervision
 
(a)  If all children in care are in the same age group, the following table determines the staff/child ratio.
 

Table A
When all children in care are:
no group may exceed:
with a caregiver to child ratio of:
Notes
6 weeks to 24 months
12
1:4
If more than twelve children are in care, the groups must be separated and if more than 8 of the 13 children in care are infants or toddlers the group size may not exceed 8.
24 months to eligible for 1st grade
12
1:10
If more than twelve children are in care, the groups must be separated.
eligible for 1st grade to age 13
16
1:15
May be one group; must have second provider if over fifteen school age children are in care.
 
(b)  If children in care include any infants and/or toddlers, the following table determines the staff/child ratio.

Table B
When children in care include:
no group may exceed:
with a caregiver to child ratio of:
Notes
one child under 24 months
12
1:8
If more than twelve children are in care and one is under 24 months, the group must be separated. Each group must meet the appropriate adult to child ratio.
 
Practice note: groups may be arranged to have the younger child in a separate group with 1:8 ratio. For other group use ratios in Table A if all children are the same age; Table C if mixed ages.
two children under 24 months
12
1:7
If more than twelve children are in care and two are under 24 months, the group must be separated.  Each group must meet the appropriate adult to child ratio.
 
Practice note:  groups may be arranged to have the younger children in a separate group with 1:7 ratio. For other group use ratios in Table A if all children are the same age; Table C if mixed ages.
three children under 24 months
12
1:6
If more than twelve children are in care and over three are under 24 months, the group must be separated. Each group must meet the appropriate adult to child ratio.
 
Practice note: groups may be arranged to have the younger children in a group with 1:6 ratio. For other group use ratios in Table A if all children are the same age; Table C if mixed ages.
four or more children under 24 months
12
1:4
If more than twelve children are in care and four are under 24 months; the group must be separated. Each group must meet the appropriate adult to child ratio and if more than 8 infants or toddlers are in care group size may not exceed 8.
 
Practice note: groups may be arranged to have the younger children in a separate group with 1:4 ratios in Table A if all children are the same age; Table C if mixed ages.
 
(c)  If children in care include a mix of only preschool and school aged children, the following table determines the staff/child ratio.

Table C
When all children in care are:
no group may exceed:
with a caregiver to child ratio of:
Notes
one child in care aged 24 months to eligible for 1st grade; the rest of children in care are school age
12
1:12
If more than twelve children are in care, the groups must be separated to create groups of twelve or fewer children.
between two and twelve children are between 24 months and eligible for 1st grade, the rest of the children in care are school aged.
12
1:10
If more than twelve children are in care, the groups must be separated to create groups of twelve or fewer children.
 
414-350-0380     Swimming Activities
Table 4
 
Staffing Requirements for Swimming
 
Wading pools – Water Depth Under 24 Inches

 
Non-SwimmerBeginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/ Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
 
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
 
1:1
1:4
1:1
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:6
1:6
1:8
1:8
Attending kindergarten +
1:10
1:10
1:10
1:15
 
Swimming Pools with Water Depth 24 to 48 Inches
 

 
Non Swimmer
Beginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/ Child Ratio
Staff Child Ratio
Staff Child Ratio
 
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
Not allowed
1:4
1:1
 
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:5
1:2
1:7
1:7
Attending kindergarten +
1:10
1:10
1:10
1:15
 
Swimming Pools with Water Depths Over 48 Inches
 

 
Non Swimmer
Beginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
 
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
Not allowed
1:4
1:1
 
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:4
Not allowed
1:6
1:6
Attending kindergarten +
1:5
1:5
1:10
1:15
 

Child Care Center Ratio Tables
Excerpted tables from Certified Child Care Center Rules. Note: These tables are referenced in the Child Care Division’s Administrative rules on the Secretary of State’s website.
 

 
414-300-0130                 Staff/Child Ratios and Group Size
 

 
 
(1)       The number of caregivers and group size shall be determined by the number and ages of the children in attendance.
 
(2)       The maximum number of children in a group and the ratio of caregivers to children specified in Table 3A of this rule shall apply, except that:
 
(a)       When all toddler, preschool and school-age children are at rest, the situation permits, and the room is arranged so all children are supervised, there may be one teacher or Aide II supervising the resting room.  As children awaken and become active, additional staff shall be added to return ratios to those in Table 3A.  Sufficient staff to meet the required ratio shall be in the facility and able to be summoned by the caregiver without leaving the resting room; and
 
(b)     Maximum group size shall not apply to field trips, outdoor play, planned large group activities, napping and eating.  Staff/child ratios shall apply to these activities.
 
(c)     Centers with certification in effect on July 15, 2001, shall comply with age groupings, staff/child ratios and group size in either Table 3A or Table 3B for as long as the facility is continuously used for child care, under the following conditions:
 
        (A)   The center must choose to operate under Table 3A or Table 3B; centers shall not to operate under a combination of both;
 
        (B)     If centers wish to change from operating under one set of ratios to operating under the other set of ratios, the change shall occur at the time of certification renewal; and
 
        (C)       Centers may change options only twice.

 
TABLE 3A:
 

 
Age
of Children
Minimum Number of
Caregivers To
Children
 
Maximum Number of
Children in a Group
6 weeks of age through
23 months
1:4
8
24 months of age through
35 months
1:5
10
36 months of age to
attending kindergarten
1:10
20
Attending kindergarten
and older
1:15
30
 
 
 
TABLE 3B:
 
Age of Children
Minimum Number
of Caregivers to
Children
Maximum Number
of Children
in a Group
6 weeks of age and
under 30 months
1:4
8
30 months old
to attending kindergarten
1:10
20
Attending kindergarten
And older
1:15
30
 
414-300-0380 Swiming Activities
 
Table 4
Staffing Requirements for Swimming
  Wading pools – Water Depth Under 24 Inches  

 
Non-SwimmerBeginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
 
1:1
1:4
1:1
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:6
1:6
1:8
1:8
Attending kindergarten +
1:10
1:10
1:10
1:15
 
Swimming Pools with Water Depth 24 to 48 Inches
 

 
Non Swimmer
Beginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
 
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
Not allowed
1:4
1:1
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:5
1:2
1:7
1:7
Attending kindergarten +
1:10
1:10
1:10
1:15
 
 Swimming Pools with Water Depths Over 48 Inches
 

 
Non Swimmer
Beginning Swimmer
Age of Child
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
Staff/Child Ratio
 
 
Lessons
Recreation
Lessons
Recreation
 
6 wks – 36 mos
1:1
Not allowed
1:4
1:1
36 Mos – Not yet attending kindergarten
1:4
Not allowed
1:6
1:6
Attending kindergarten +
1:5
1:5
1:10
1:15
 

Center Staff Qualifications
Excerpted tables from Certified Child Care Center Rules. Note: These tables are referenced in the Child Care Division’s Administrative rules on the Secretary of State’s website.
 
Qualifications for Head Teacher
Table 1
 

Option
Infant & Toddler Age Program
Preschool Age Program
School Age Program
(a)  Bachelor’s degree from college or university with a major in:
Early childhood education or child development
Early childhood education, child development, elementary education, or special education
Child development, elementary education, physical education, recreation,  special education, or early childhood education
OR
 
(b)  AA/AS degree from a college with a major in:
Early childhood education or child development
Early childhood education, child development, or related degree
Child development, physical education, recreation, early childhood education, or related degree
OR
 
(c)  A one-year state or nationally recognized credential:
Related to infant and toddler care
Related to preschool age care
Related to school-age care
OR
 
(d)  Completion of 20 credits (semester system) or 30 credits (quarter system) of training at a college or university in:
Early childhood education or child development
Early childhood education, child development, elementary education, or special education
Child development, physical education, elementary education, special education, recreation, or early childhood education
AND
At least one year of qualifying teaching experience in a certified child care center or comparable group care program, in the care of:
Infants and/or toddlers
Preschool age children
School age children
 
OR
 
(e)  At least two years of qualifying teaching experience, with at least one year as a teacher, in a certified child care center or comparable group care program, in the care of:
Infants and/or toddlers
Preschool age children
School age children
OR
 
(f)  Documentation of attaining at least level three in the Professional Development Registry.
 
 
 
 

 
 
Qualifications for Teacher
Table 2
 

Option
Infant & Toddler Age Program
Preschool Age Program
School Age Program
(a)  Completion of 20  credits (semester system) or 30 credits (quarter system) of training at a college or university in:
Early childhood education or child development
Early childhood education, elementary education, child development, or special education
Elementary education, child development, physical education, recreation, special education or early childhood education
OR
 
(b)   A one-year state or nationally recognized credential:
 
Related to infant and toddler care
Related to preschool age care
Related to school-age care
 
OR
 
(c)  At least one year of qualifying teaching  experience in a certified child care center or comparable group care program, in the care of:
Infants and/or Toddlers
Preschool age children
School age Children
OR
 
(d)  Completion of 15 credits (quarter system) or 10 credits (semester system) of training at a college or university in:
Early childhood education or child development
Early childhood education, elementary education, child development, or special education
Elementary education, child development, physical education, recreation, special education or early childhood education
AND
At least 6 months of qualifying teaching experience in a certified child care center or comparable group care program, in the care of:Infants and/or ToddlersPreschool age children
School age Children
                                 OR 
 
 
(e)  Documentation of attaining at least level two in the Professional Development Registry.