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Oregon's Independent Contractor Laws
A worker providing services for pay is generally considered an employee by Oregon regulatory agencies - unless that worker meets the requirements for an independent contractor. 
 
Oregon Revised Statute (ORS) 670.600 (summarized below) defines the term “independent contractor” for the following state agencies:
  • Department of Revenue
  • Employment Department
  • Construction Contractors Board
  • Landscape Contractors Boards
 
Be aware, however, that different criteria are utilized by the Bureau of Labor and Industries and the Department of Consumer and Business Services' Workers Compensation Division.
 
A summary of the criteria used by each of these state agencies is available in chart form.
 
ORS 670.600:
 
Under this law, workers may be properly classified as independent contractors provided they
  1. Are free from direction and control, beyond the right of the service recipient to specify the desired result, AND
  2. Are licensed under ORS 671 or 701 (State Landscape Architect Board or Landscape Contractors Board and State Board of Architect Examiners  or Construction Contractors Board) if licensure is required for the service, AND
  3. Are responsible for other licenses or certificates necessary to provide the service AND
  4. Are customarily engaged in an “independently established business.”
 
To qualify under the law, an “independently established business” must meet 3 out of the following 5 criteria):
  1. Maintain a business location that is:
    1. Separate from the business or work location of the service recipient; or
    2. that is in a portion of their own residence that is used primarily for business.
  2. Bear the risk of loss, shown by factors such as:
    1. Entering into fixed price contracts;
    2. Being required to correct defective work;
    3. Warranting the services provided; or
    4. Negotiating indemnification agreements or purchasing liability insurance, performance bonds, or errors and omissions insurance.
  3. Provide contracted services for two or more different persons within a 12-month period, or routinely engage in business advertising, solicitation or other marketing efforts reasonably calculated to obtain new contracts to provide similar services.
  4. Make a significant investment in the business through means such as:
    1. Purchasing tools or equipment necessary to provide the services;
    2. Paying for the premises or facilities where the services are provided; or
    3. Paying for licenses, certificates or specialized training required to provide the services.
  5. Have the authority to hire and fire other persons to provide assistance in performing the services.
 
Additional provisions:
  1. A person who files tax returns with a Schedule F and also performs agricultural services reportable on a Schedule C is not required to meet the independently established business requirements
  2. Establishing a business entity such as a corporation or limited liability company, does not, by itself, establish that the individual providing services will be considered an independent contractor.
 
Feel free to consult the full text of ORS 670.600 and its implementing regulations.
 
Reminder:
 
ORS 670.600 applies only to the Oregon Department of Revenue, Employment Department, Construction Contractors Board, and Landscape Contractors Board. These agencies require that the person performing the work meet all the criteria of that law to be considered an independent contractor.
 
For information about this topic under workers' compensation and Oregon labor laws, please contact the Workers' Compensation Division and Bureau of Labor and Industries.
 
Disclaimer:
 
The above information is provided as a summary and teaching guide.  Nothing on this website is intended as legal advice.  If you need legal advice, please consult an attorney.  We attempt to update the information on this website as soon as practicable following changes or developments in the laws and rules affecting Oregon employers, but we make no warranties or representations, express or implied, about whether the information provided is current.  We urge you to check the applicable statutes and administrative rules yourself and to consult with legal counsel prior to taking action that may invoke employee rights or employer responsibilities or omitting to act when required by law to act.