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Global Warming Pollution Reduction Targets for Metropolitan Areas

LCDC Plans to Set 2040 Targets for Reducing Global Warming Pollution

In 2011 the Land Conservation and Development Commission adopted rules (OAR 660 - 044) setting targets to guide long range planning by Oregon’s largest urban areas to reduce greenhouse gas pollution from auto travel. The rules call for local planners to explore ways to reduce pollution from auto and light truck travel by 17 percent to 21 percent per person by the year 2035 (in addition to reductions from technology and state and federal actions).

By law, Oregon's long term goal is to reduce the state’s global warming pollution to 75% below 1990 levels by 2040 (HB 3543). LCDC's target rulemaking action was in response to the legislative mandate of 2010's Senate Bill 1059.
 
The rules set targets for Oregon's six largest metropolitan areas - Portland, Salem-Keizer, Corvallis, Eugene-Springfield, the Rogue Valley and Bend. Since 2011, DLCD and ODOT have been working with these communities to develop models of scenarios that would meet the targets for pollution reduction. Only the Portland area is required to adopt plans to meet the targets; in other areas such adoption is voluntary.
 
In May 2015, LCDC completed a required review of the rules. It approved the staff report TargetsFullReport.pdfTargetsFullReport.pdf and agreed the rules should be updated to set pollution reduction targets for the year 2040.
 
The department is now working with other state agencies (the Oregon Department of Transportation, Department of Environmental Quality, and Oregon Department of Energy) to gather the technical information needed for updating the rules. The department will then convene an advisory committee to advise the update, including looking at whether targets should be set for two newly designated metropolitan areas (Albany Area and Middle Rogue).
 
The commission further agreed the department should work with metropolitan areas, ODOT and other stakeholders to evaluate how these modeling and planning efforts can be integrated into other metropolitan area work on transportation and land use plans.

Read the staff memo on the May 2015 decision: Staff Memo.pdf
Read an executive summary of the Target Rule update: PollutionTargetsExSum.pdfPollutionTargetsExSum.pdf


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LCDC Approves Portland Metro Area's Climate Smart Communities Strategy

At its May 21, 2015 meeting, the Land Conservation and Development Commission reviewed and approved the Portland Metro-area's plan to cut global warming pollution. The "Climate Smart Communities Strategy" lays out a plan to cut pollution from cars and light trucks by 29% over 20 years. 

Press release from Metro.

Staff report from DLCD.

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Background

 
Senate Bill 1059 (2010) and House Bill 2001 House Bill 2001 (2009) direct Oregon’s Land Conservation and Development Commission to adopt rules by June 1, 2011 that set targets for metropolitan areas to plan for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from cars and light trucks.  Both bills anticipate that local governments in metropolitan areas will engage in land use and transportation scenario planning to evaluate and select a preferred scenario for achieving the adopted targets. 
 
House Bill 2001, which applies primarily to the Portland metropolitan area, requires development and adoption of scenario plans.  Senate Bill 1059, which applies to the state’s other five metropolitan areas, (Salem-Keizer, Eugene-Springfield, Rogue Valley, Bend and Corvallis), anticipates but does not require preparation of scenario plans at this time.
 
In addition to target rulemaking by the Land Conservation and Development Commission, Senate Bill 1059 directs the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Department of Transportation to work together with local governments in metropolitan areas to produce several other products to support scenario planning and greenhouse gas reduction efforts.  These include:
  • Preparation by the Department of Transportation, the Department of Environmental Quality, and the Department of energy of estimates of future vehicle and fuel technology to inform the target rulemaking.  The report, Agencies' Technical Report was delivered on March 1, 2011 and was used by the Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee in its recommendation.
  • Development by the Department of Transportation and the Oregon Transportation Commission of a Statewide Transportation Strategy for greenhouse gas reduction.  The Oregon Transportation Commission has appointed a  Statewide Transportation Strategy Policy Committee to assist in the effort.  A draft strategy is expected late in 2011.
  • Preparation by the Department of Transportation and the Department of Land Conservation and Development of guidance for scenario planning, including scenario planning guidelines and a toolkit of recommended practices and evaluation techniques for greenhouse gas reduction. 
  • A scenario planning funding report, delivered to the Legislature in January 2011, provided estimates about the amount of funding that local governments in metropolitan areas will need to conduct scenario planning.
  • A public education effort to inform the public about the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the costs and benefits of reducing emissions.

Dr. Reid Ewing from the University of Utah has studied the possibility of communities growing in ways that cause less pollution, and co-wrote Growing Cooler. A recent slide presentation summarizing his work is available here.

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Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee

 
In June 2010, the Land Conservation and Development Commission directed the Department of Land Conservation and Development to begin the rulemaking process to meet the legislative requirements outlined in House Bill 2001 and Senate Bill 1059. The Land Conservation and Development Commission appointed the Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee (TRAC), whose members represent local governments and other groups that will be affected by the proposed rule. The TRAC’s charge was to assist the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Land Conservation and Development Commission in drafting a proposed rule. The TRAC met seven times between September 2010 and March 2011. The TRAC members were:
John VanLandingham, Committee Chair, LCDC
Gail Achterman, Oregon Transportation Commission
Ken Williamson, Environmental Quality Commission
Angus Duncan, Oregon Global Warming Commission
Carlotta Collette, Metro Council
Mark Capell, Bend City Council
Linda Modrell, Benton County Board of Commissioners
Dan Clem, Salem City Council
Al Densmore, Medford City Council
Alan Zelenka, Eugene City Council
Andrea Riner, Lane Council of Governments
Tom Schwetz, Lane Transit District
John Oberst, Mayor, City of Monmouth
Sarah Miller, Business Oregon
Kelly Clifton, Portland State University
Craig Campbell, Victory Group (for AAA)
Mary Kyle McCurdy, 1000 Friends of Oregon
Don Greene, State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee (CIAC)
State Representative Terry Beyer, District 12, Springfield
 
During the TRAC meetings, the committee reviewed technical information and identified and discussed the issues to be addressed in the rule. In the course of its meeting the TRAC:
  • Reviewed the statutory requirements in House Bill 2001 and Senate Bill 1059;
  • Identified and discussed the issues pertaining to local scenario planning to meet the targets;
  • Reviewed modeling and analysis of greenhouse gas emissions;
  • Reviewed and discussed the Agencies' Technical Report;
  • Reviewed and commented on the Statement of Need & Fiscal Impact and the Housing Cost Impact Statement.
TRAC’s recommendations contained in their report Recommendations on Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets to Land Conservation and Development Commission represent a consensus of the TRAC members.
 
 
For more information about the Metropolitan Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets or related work contact Bob Cortright by email at bob.cortright@state.or.us or phone at (503) 373-0050 ext. 241.


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