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The "ten-day" rules
Issuing CVI's
There are two federal rules with 10-day limits which impact veterinarians and animal owners.

Issuing CVIs:

" . . . (a) An accredited veterinarian shall not issue a certificate . . . with respect to any animal, other than those in regular health maintenance programs, unless he or she has personally inspected that animal within 10 days prior to issuance."[Code of Federal Regulations, 9 CFR Ch.1, Section 161.3(a) Standards for accredited veterinarian duties."]

Example

A client brings an animal in for a routine checkup. Eight days later, the client asks for a CVI for the animal. You may issue the CVI, but indicate the date of exam, not the day the certificate was written.

On the 11th day from date of inspection, you must inspect the animal again before you issue a CVI.


Exception for ten day rule
For shipping dogs or cats by commercial carrier:

Federal rules require that dogs or cats consigned to a commercial carrier (traveling in the cargo / baggage area) must be inspected by the veterinarian and the CVI issued no more than 10 days prior to the flight. [Code of Federal Regulations, 9 CFR 1 Section 3.13(e)(3).]

Example

The veterinarian examines the animal and issues a CVI for travel to another state.

The certificate is valid for travel by private vehicle for 30 days.

The certificate is valid for travel in the cabin of commercial carriers for 30 days. (Small dogs or cats in carriers that fit under the seat.)

The certificate is valid for travel in the baggage compartment for 10 days. (Larger dogs or cats that must travel in "crates.")

Shipping by commercial carrier
For shipping dogs or cats by commercial carrier:

Federal rules require that dogs or cats consigned to a commercial carrier (traveling in the cargo / baggage area) must be inspected by the veterinarian and the CVI issued no more than 10 days prior to the flight. [Code of Federal Regulations, 9 CFR 1 Section 3.13(e)(3).]

Example

The veterinarian examines the animal and issues a CVI for travel to another state.

The certificate is valid for travel by private vehicle for 30 days.

The certificate is valid for travel in the cabin of commercial carriers for 30 days. (Small dogs or cats in carriers that fit under the seat.)

The certificate is valid for travel in the baggage compartment for 10 days. (Larger dogs or cats that must travel in "crates.")