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Pitch and Needle

October 2012

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About this newsletter
Plan ahead for Christmas-tree exports
Christmas tree shipping regulations
Mexico's shipping regulations for Christmas trees
Useful web sites
State of Oregon holiday schedule
2012 Christmas Tree Advisory Committee
About this newsletter
Christmas tree plantation  
Christmas tree plantation
The Pitch & Needle is a semi-annual online publication of the Oregon Department of Agriculture and is intended as an aid to anyone involved in the growing and shipping of Christmas trees. Through this bulletin, we hope to provide you with the most current shipping information as well as other topical information related to the Christmas tree industry. If you have any suggestions for topics or articles for the next issue, contact Eric Reusche via email at ereusche@oda.state.or.us.
 
Horticulturists:  Christy Brown, Bev Clark,  Debbie Driesner, Gary Garth, Dan Hawks, Sherree Lewis, Dennis Magnello,  Karl PulsLisa Rehms, Eric Reusche, Scott Rose, Susan Schouten
 
Gary McAninch, program supervisor; Jan Hedberg, lead horticulturist; Sue Nash, program assistant; Kim Lawson, office specialist; Melissa Lujan, GAIP auditor
 
Eric Reusche, editor
 
Plan ahead for Christmas-tree exports
Douglas-fir  
Douglas fir
By Dennis Magnello, ODA Horticulturist
 
Sending Christmas trees to foreign countries or U.S. territories overseas? If so, please follow the guidelines below for a hassle-reduced shipping season.
  • Determine the import requirements for the destination country or territory. Ask your ODA Christmas tree inspector for the most current information, or refer to the appropriate section in the September issue of the Pitch and Needle. Be aware that information provided by the customer is not always accurate.
  • Obtain any necessary Import Permits from your host country contact (buyer or broker).
  • Provide ODA with a list and maps of the plantations from which your Christmas trees for export will be harvested, as well as a list of the countries and territories to which the trees will be shipped. Trees will then be inspected in the field, ideally in September and early October, to determine if they meet the host country's import requirements.
  • Submit your requests for Phytosanitary Certificates through the PCIT online certification system. See the article in this publication entitled "PCIT and Christmas Trees" for details. Requests should be made a minimum of two days in advance.

ODA inspectors will be glad to inspect fields of non-export Christmas trees also, per your request.
 
Christmas tree shipping regulations
xmas tree shaking  
Introduction
Below is a summary of requirements to ship cut Christmas trees to states and territories of the United States, and to selected foreign countries effective September 20, 2012. Inspections and certifications are provided by Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) personnel. Review the information in the summary and contact the department to arrange field inspections prior to harvest and certification. Please provide at least five days notice before the actual shipping date when requesting certificates. Requests need to be scheduled as far in advance as possible. Destination shipping requirements are subject to change. All bills of lading, invoices, and bills of sale should bear county of origin, as well as, the name and address of the shipper. All shipments of Christmas trees grown in Oregon are required by Oregon law to be accompanied by a shipping permit. Christmas tree brokers must submit a list of all growers and growing locations from which Christmas tree harvest and shipping will occur to the ODA, Plant Division.
For more Christmas tree shipping regulations

 
Mexico regulations for shipping Christmas Trees for 2012
By Dennis Magnello, ODA Horticulturist

In November of 2010, the Mexican government officially adopted changes to their regulations related to the importation of Christmas trees into Mexico. All Christmas trees shipped to Mexico in 2012 must be inspected and comply with the requirements found in these regulations. Requirements of particular interest to Oregon shippers include:

2012 SPRAY REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPPING CUT CHRISTMAS TREES TO MEXICO

Christmas trees intended for export to Mexico must have a pest control program. A pesticide treatment is required 3 to 6 weeks prior to harvest using one of the following insecticides: permethrin at 36.8% active ingredient, esfenvalerate at 8.4% active ingredient or bifenthrin at 7.9% active ingredient in accordance with doses recommended on the label.

The pesticide label must also allow for the use of the product on Christmas trees. There appear to be 3 products that meet both the a.i. and the registration components of these rules (shown below). The requirements from Mexico do not state an application amount per acre, only product active ingredients.

Esfenvalerate (8.4%):
•    DuPont Asana XL, EPA Reg. No. 352-515
•    S-FenvaloStar (LG International), EPA Reg. No. 71532-21-73006

Permethrin (36.8%)
•    United Phosphorus/Perm-up 3.2EC supplemental label (EPA Reg. No. 70506-9). This product can be used on Christmas Trees under this supplemental label (note - conifers are not listed under ornamentals on the supplemental label).

Bifenthrin (7.9%)
•    No products meet both the Mexico a.i. and Christmas tree registration requirements.

Information about the sales, use or distribution of pesticide products in Oregon may be found at the Oregon Department of Agriculture’s (ODA) Pesticide Division website (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/Pest/).
CHRISTMAS TREES SHIPPED TO MEXICO MUST BE FREE (ZERO TOLERANCE) OF THE FOLLOWING QUARANTINE PESTS:

Insects:
Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)
Cylindrocopturus furnissi (Douglas-fir twig weevil)
Pissodes stobi (White pine weevil)
Contarinia constricta (Douglas-fir needle midge)
Choristoneura occidentalis (Western spruce budworm)
Choristoneura fumiferana (Spruce budworm)
Diprion similis (Pine sawfly)
Vespula germanica (European wasp)
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)
Paradiplosis tumifex (Balsam gall midge)
Orgyia pseudotsugata (Douglas-fir tussock moth)
Tomicus piniperda (Pine shoot beetle)

Mites:
Nalepella ednae (Eriophyid mite)
Epitrimerus pseudotsugae (Eriophyid mite)

Disease:
Cronartium quercum Var. Fusiform (Pine stem rust)
Diaporthe lokoyae (Phomopsis lokoyae) (Phomopsis canker)
Rhabdocline pseudotsugae (Rhabdocline needle cast)
Lophodermium seditiosum (Lophodermium needle cast)
Grovesiella abieticola (Grovesiella canker)
Cronartium ribicola (White pine blister rust)
Rhabdocline weirii (Rhabocline needle cast)
Phytophthora ramorum (Ramorum blight)
POINTS OF ENTRY
The trees must enter at specific points of entry into Mexico. These include Acapulco, Gro., Agua prieta, Son., Altamira, Tam., Cd. Hidalgo, Chia., Cd. Juarez, Chih., Cd. M. Aleman, Tam., Ciudad Acuna, Coahuila, Coatzacoalcos, Ver., Columbia, NL, Ensenada, BC, Lazaro Cardenas, Mich., Manzanillo, Col., Matamoros, Tam., Mazatlan, Sin., Merida (Progresso, Yuc., Mexicali, BC, Mexico City, DF, Nuevo Laredo, Tam., Nogales, Son., Ojinaga, Chih., Piedras Negras, Coah., Reynosa, Tam., Salina Cruz, Oxa., San Luis. R. c., Son., Subtenente Lopez, QRoo, Tampico, Tam., Tecate, BC, Tijuana, BC, Topolobampo, Sin. and Veracruz, Ver.
OTHER REQUIREMENTS

· The trees must be free of dead branches, twigs, and yellow or red needles caused by pests or diseases.
. The trees must be without roots and soil and not painted.
· The trees must be mechanically shaken for at least 15 seconds at a minimum of 700 revolutions per minute before transport.

A phytosanitary certificate issued by the ODA is required for all Christmas trees shipped to Mexico. Mexico’s shipping regulations do not require you to obtain an import permit in order to ship Pseudotsuga menziesii, Abies spp., or some species of Pinus, including Pinus nigra (Austrian pine) and P. sylvestris (Scotch pine). All other Christmas trees, including 25 species of Pinus (ones that are carriers of Cronartium ribicola), are prohibited and require an import permit.
Exporters should provide their ODA Inspectors with a list of fields to be inspected well in advance of shipping. Inspectors will determine which fields are eligible for certification based on results of inspections for quarantine and non-quarantine pests. The tolerance level for non-quarantine pests is generally an infestation rate of two percent or less of the trees in the field.

If you plan to ship Christmas trees to Mexico this year, you will need to sign a compliance agreement ensuring the trees you are shipping meet Mexico’s shaking and treatment requirements. If you have not already received a compliance agreement, you can obtain one by contacting the ODA at 503/986-4644. Compliance agreements should be returned to the ODA as soon as possible.

Please feel free to contact us at any time if you have questions concerning the shipment of Christmas trees into Mexico, other foreign countries, territories of the United States, or destinations within the United States. We can be reached at 503/986-4644.

 
 
Useful web sites
Oregon Department of Agriculture

Oregon State University Extension Service

Oregon State University Extension Catalog page (Publications for Christmas Tree growers)

Washington State University Extension—Christmas trees

Pacific Northwest Christmas Tree Association

Pacific Northwest Management Handbooks

 
State of Oregon holiday schedule
2012/2013 Holidays and Furloughs
October 19, 2012 Friday - Furlough

November 11, 2012 Friday - Veterans Day

November 24, 2012 Thursday - Thanksgiving Day

November 25, Friday - Furlough

December 26, Monday - Christmas

January 2, Monday - New Years

January 16, Monday - MLK Jr. Day

February 20, Monday - President's Day

March 23, Friday - Furlough

May 25, Friday - Furlough

May 28, Monday - Memorial Day

July 4, Wednesday - Independence Day

August 17, Friday - Furlough

September 3, Monday - Labor Day

October 19, Friday - Furlough

November 12, Monday - Veterans Day

November 22, Thursday - Thanksgiving

November 23, Friday - Furlough

December 25, Tuesday - Christmas

 
2012 Christmas Tree Advisory Committee
Gene Carson  (Chair)
Holiday Tree Farms, Inc.
P.O. Box 182                                         
Sheridan, OR  97378
Phone 503-910-2277
gvf@molalla.net
 
Casey Grogan                                                                             
Silver Bells Tree Farm
3869 Victor Point Road
Silverton, OR  97381
Phone: 503-932-9713
Casey@silverbellsblue.com
 
Gayla Hansen                                                                             
Hansen Tree Farm
38973 S. Sawtell Rd.
Molalla, OR  97038
Phone: 503-829-9129
Cell: 503-519-2851
hansentf@molalla.net

Chal Landgren (non-voting)
chal.landgren@oregonstate.edu
OSU Christmas Tree Extension Specialist
Norlh Willamette Research and Extension Center
15210 NE Miley Road
Phone: 503-678-1264 Ext. 14
chal.landgren@oregonstate.edu

   
Terry Muilenburg                                                                     
Green Valley Farm
13501 S. Maple Grove Road
Molalla OR 97308
Phone 503-829-5096
gvf@molalla.net
   
Bryan Ostlund (non-voting)                                                
Pacific Northwest Christmas Tree Association
P.O. Box 3366
Salem OR 97302
Phone 503-364-2942
Fax 503-581-6819
Bryan@ostlurd.com
 
Jim Schaefer                                                                               
Holiday Specialtrees
36252 S. Kropf Rd
Woodburn, OR 97071
Phone 503-634-2246
Fax 503-634-2661
Jlms@holldayspecialtrees.com
                                                                                                                                           
Mark Schmidlin
Schmidlin Farms
43095 NW Sunset Highway
Banks, OR  97106
Phone: 503-314-8484
markschmidlin@msn.com 
 
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