Most food establishments that slaughter, process, or sell raw meat need some type of meat license.
Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) exemptions
- Individuals slaughtering or processing meat or poultry, for personal use, are exempt from licensing.
- Poultry growers slaughtering no more than 1,000 poultry per year for direct retail sales are not required to obtain an ODA license.
Federal jurisdiction and inspection
- The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) has jurisdiction over most meat establishments.
- With the exception of custom slaughtering, The Federal Meat Inspection Act requires all amenable species (cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, and other equines) to be slaughtered under continuous FSIS inspection.
- With the exception of custom slaughter and small firms, The Poultry Product Inspection Act requires that poultry (chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, and other domesticated fowls) be slaughtered under continuous FSIS inspection.
- All post-slaughter processing of meat and poultry products for wholesale sales is subject to continuous USDA inspection.
The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) regulates waste discharge in Oregon.
- Up to 20 tons (40,000 pounds) of slaughter and processing waste can be composted on-site annually without a permit, as long as the composting process does not adversely affect surface or ground water.
- If waste is disposed of at permitted landfills, or into sanitary sewer systems, then firms raising, slaughtering, or processing poultry do not need to contact the DEQ or ODA regarding waste disposal.
If waste is applied to crops or land, then a permit may be required. DEQ delegates the authority to ODA's Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) Program to issue permits to firms applying liquid animal waste (from raising, slaughtering, or processing) to agricultural land.
- Prior to treating wastewater on-site, firms must contact DEQ at (503) 229-5696.
- Prior to land application of liquid waste, firms must contact ODA's Natural Resources Program at (503) 986-4700.
In addition to complying with USDA, ODA, and DEQ requirements, firms that raise, slaughter, or process poultry must comply with local requirements. Local governmental agencies that may have authority over poultry operations include:
- City planning
- County planning
- County on-site septic
- Local fire marshal
It is important that poultry firms contact their local government prior to operation to ensure their proposed activities are in compliance.
Best Practices Guide to Open Air Poultry Slaughter (OSU)
Big Five Organisms
Norovirus, Hepatitis A Virus, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella SPP., and E. Coli 0157:H7 Document
Boiled Water Advisory Information
Boiled Water Advisory Information from CDC Website
The food code is used to regulate retail stores and retail meat and bakery, Plan Review section 8-201.11 Document
Food Code Fact Sheet # 1 No Bare Hand Contact
Food Code Fact Sheet # 2 Reduced Oxygen Packaging Without a Variance Requires HACCP
Food Code Fact Sheet # 3 Variances
Food Code Fact Sheet # 4 Cook/Chill and Sous Vide Requires HACCP
Food Code Fact Sheet # 5 Employee Illness Policy
Food Code Fact Sheet # 6 Consumer Advisory
Food Code Fact Sheet # 7 Allergens
Food Code Fact Sheet # 8 Wild Mushrooms
Food Code Fact Sheet # 9 Pet Dogs in Outdoor Designated Seating Areas
Food Code Fact Sheet #10 Proper Glove Use
Food Code Fact Sheet #11 Cut Leafy Greens
Food Code Fact Sheet #12 Cut Tomatoes
Food Code Fact Sheet #13 Probe Thermometers
Food Code Fact Sheet #14 Sprouting Seeds or Beans
Food Code Fact Sheet #15 Pest Control Plans
Food Code Significant Changes
Significant Changes to the 2013 ODA Food Code Document
Food Employee Reporting Agreement
Food Safety Plan Review Application
Plan review application can be submitted by a business along with their plans. Document
Food Safety Plan Review Requirements-English
Plan Review Requirements Document
Food Safety Plan Review Requirements-Spanish
Plan Review Requirements Document
Guidance for Determining if a Poultry Processing or Slaughter Operation is Exempt
Inspection for Food Safety: The Basics
Certificates that will meet the food protection manager requirements in the food code. Document
Meat Law: Labeling and inspection of meat and meat food products
Law or rule
Meat Regulations, Poultry Exemption Regulations (OAR 603-028-0710) Law or rule
Oregon State University (OSU), Small Farms, Poultry
Service Animals Definition and Requirements from Department of Justice (2011)
USDA Federal Grant of Inspection Guide
Editable Word document Document
What you need to know about manufacturing and labeling pet food and treats