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Oregon Roads No. 100 Winter/Spring 2012

​U.S. DOT Reduces Burden on Local Governments

Final Rule Eliminates Dozens of Deadlines for Replacing Traffic Signs, Simplifies Requirements
U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood announced May 10, 2012 that the Obama Administration is eliminating 46 regulations on traffic signs to provide more flexibility for state and local governments, including allowing communities to replace traffic signs when they are worn out rather than requiring signs to be replaced by a specific date.
"Some of these burdensome deadlines would have cost communities millions of dollars at a time when they can’t afford that,” said Secretary LaHood. "We spoke to state and local officials across the country, and we heard them loud and clear.”  
Earlier this year, President Obama called for a government-wide review of regulations in order to identify those that needed to be changed or removed because they were unnecessary, out-of-date, excessively burdensome or overly costly.  
“Officials at the state and local levels are in the best position to make decisions related to sign replacement and other issues related to traffic management,” said Federal Highway Administrator Victor Mendez. “These changes will give them the flexibility they need to make the best use of taxpayer dollars.” 
The regulations establishing deadlines for street sign replacement came from the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), which is a compilation of national standards for all pavement markings, street signs and traffic signals.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), which has published the manual since 1971, updates it periodically to accommodate changing transportation needs and address new safety technologies, traffic control tools, and traffic management techniques.  
Last August, FHWA issued a Notice of Proposed Amendments to eliminate the 46 deadlines, and a final rule has been sent to the Federal Register for publication. The final rule is listed under docket, FHWA-2010-0159, available at http://www.regulations.gov.
The deadlines requiring that certain street name signs be replaced by 2018 to meet minimum retroreflectivity standards and requiring larger lettering on those street name signs are among those that will be eliminated. The final rule also eliminates deadlines for increasing the size of various traffic signs, such as ‘Pass With Care’ and ‘Low Clearance.’ Instead, communities will be able to replace and upgrade these signs when they reach the end of their useful life.
In addition to eliminating the deadlines, FHWA will allow communities to retain historic street-name signs in historic districts.
The DOT has retained 12 deadlines for sign upgrades that are critical to public safety. These safety-critical sign upgrades include installing ONE WAY signs at intersections with divided highways or one-way streets and requiring STOP or YIELD signs to be added at all railroad crossings that don’t have train-activated automatic gates or flashing lights.​
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ODOT's Road Safety Tool Getting Updates

SPIS has been helping ODOT keep roads safe for more than two decades. SPIS is our Safety Priority Index System and it was first developed in 1986 to identify locations on state highways with higher and more severe crash incidents. Ideally, those “spots” would be the areas to prioritize for potential repairs, and indeed, we have been able to focus much of our resources improving dangerous areas pinpointed by SPIS. 
Over the years, SPIS has been updated to be more accurate, more specific, and more helpful as a tool for improving safety on our roads. Now, after several years of intense work, SPIS is getting another update, and this time, the impacts will help cities and counties with their roads as much as it has been helping ODOT with state highways.
How SPIS works
SPIS uses a formula to calculate a score for segments of highway based on crash rate, frequency, and severity over the prior three years. Specifically, the process calculates a SPIS score for each qualifying 0.10-mile segment along a roadway, in 0.10-mile increments. To qualify as an annual SPIS segment, a 0.10-mile long roadway segment must have an average daily traffic volume and been the site of at least one fatal crash or three other crashes of any severity during the past three calendar years. The higher a SPIS score, the higher the potential safety needs for the identified roadway segment.
Data, technology feed the SPIS
The SPIS process uses the following data sources:
Statewide crash database, for number, location, and severity of crashes
Oregon Transportation Network (ORTRANS) system for off-state roadway location information (off-state refers to city and county roadways)
TransInfo, for on-state highway inventory, feature, and location information
Average daily traffic (ADT) counts
Other GIS data used in locating off-state highway SPIS segments includes bridge features, city and county boundaries, signed routes, and zip codes.
New technology is allowing traffic engineers to put all this data together in a way that wasn’t previously possible. City and county roads typically have a variety of reference systems to determine where an asset such as a sign or signal is located on the roadway. With GIS, it is possible to combine the city and county roads using latitude and longitude and determine a common linear reference system.
“When you’re working with engineers, if any little thing is ‘off,’ they’ll say, ‘it doesn’t work, it’s a problem,’” said Doug Bish, Traffic Engineering Services manager and system manager for this project. “Accuracy is critical. They don’t want to see even little inconsistencies.”
Chad Nielsen, GIS analyst in Information Systems, created the new process that combines information from a variety of databases.  “Instead of tabular data, we now have GIS data,” he said. “We take the crash data and geo-locate it.”
SPIS provides value
You may be surprised to learn that just because a site has earned a high score doesn’t necessarily mean it will get fixed. In fact, sites with the highest scores may not be the most likely to benefit from crash reduction measures at all, or may not provide as much “bang for the buck.” There are a multitude of things to consider, including types of crashes and why they occur, the geography of the location, and the impact of potential other solutions.
One example is the intersection of Powell and 82nd Avenue in Portland. This is a site with a very high SPIS ranking but few feasible solutions. There are so many lanes, all full of vehicles, and any realistic solution would cost $10 – 20 million, plus another $5 – 10 million for right of way. This one project would take ODOT’s entire safety budget for several years.
A site earning a higher score does, at least, deserve investigation, and that’s what SPIS does best: prioritize locations to investigate for potential improvement. In the end, regions use SPIS to identify top sites with the best benefit-to-cost ratio.
In addition, access management staff uses SPIS when reviewing an application for state highway access or a “change of use” permit. Maintenance managers might come to the Region Traffic Safety engineers and ask, “Is this area a problem?” These uses and others are enabled by the consistent, data-driven and unbiased methodology of SPIS. 
“OASIS” expands options
All of these changes have come about, in part, because ODOT wants to replicate the SPIS for city and county, or off-state, roads that are not state highways. Currently ODOT uses SPIS to generate annual on-state reports (state roadways only) for each of its five regions.
The new product, the Oregon Adjusted Safety Index System, or OASIS, expands these reports for off-state roads, and will allow both internal and external groups to further access vital information.
“OASIS gives traffic engineers a new tool,” explained Greg French, project manager in Technical Services. “They can use it to analyze the roads in their jurisdictions.”
Engineers can create custom reports in OASIS by varying the time period, segment length, and number and types of crashes, for example. Just like SPIS, it is primarily a “flagging” tool to identify roadway locations that might need further investigation.
“We can help traffic investigations focus in on where they should be,” French said.
This article was revised and reprinted from the May 2012 edition of Inside ODOT.​
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From the Director....

The Oregon Technology Transfer (T2) Center is funded by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the cities and counties of Oregon and the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT).  Since we are funded in part by the FHWA, we must provide an annual Program Assessment Report (PAR) of our activities to the agency by the end of January for the previous year.  The PAR is a quantitative evaluation of the services we provided to our customers and I would like to share some of the statistics from the 2011 report that we recently submitted.
The primary focus of the T2 Center is to provide low-cost training to our customers.  (See sidebar on this page for a "statement of purpose").  Our training program is a blend of classes directly available from the Center such as those delivered by our Training Specialists (Circuit Riders), along with our Roads Scholar program classes coupled with classes co-sponsored with partners such as the APWA, OACES and ODOT.  In 2011, the T2 Center sponsored and/or co-sponsored 180 training sessions covering 54 topics.  The classes were reported to the FHWA in four different categories and the following chart illustrates course distribution, with safety training being the predominant focus area. 
There were 4,631 attendees at the 180 classes, for a total of 19,027 contact hours of training.  As illustrated in the next chart, the steady increase in class attendance that we have enjoyed for almost 10 years decreased somewhat in 2011.  Our near term goal for 2012 is to get back to the 2010 level and also reach more students through the introduction of new training classes such as a Level 2 Roads Scholar program.  We hope to do this by continuing to hold the line on expenses while pursuing new partnering efforts and more expedient ways to deliver training.
A summary of the training classes sponsored by the T2 Center can be viewed on our website at: http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/TD/TP_T2/.  If your agency is interested in any of the classes listed, please call Rebekah at (503) 986-2855 and she will assist you in setting up a class.  Co-sponsored classes and schools are also advertised on our website along with a registration link.
In addition to providing training classes, the Oregon T2 Center publishes a newsletter that is distributed electronically to over 1,300 recipients.  The Center also distributes and/or loans publications and videos.  In 2011 the Center shared over 32,000 technical publications with our customers and loaned out 138 videos on workplace safety, highway safety, infrastructure management and workforce development.  Annual visits by T2 Training Specialists (Circuit Riders) are made to counties, cities and other customers throughout Oregon.  A total of 243 county and city public works offices, and tribal and federal offices were visited by T2 Center representatives, who delivered and discussed packets with T2 Center training information, current technical publications and other material.  We also continue to provide technical assistance or referrals to our customers on transportation related subjects.
Our goal is to provide positive, timely and constructive responses to our customers needs.  If you have suggestions on how we can improve our customer service or have a question about any of our programs, please feel free to contact me or a member of the T2 Center's steering committee (listed below).
Bob Raths
T2 Program Director​
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APWA Spring School in Newport a Big Hit

AgateBeach.gifThe APWA/T2 Street Maintenance and Collection Systems Spring School was held on April 11 - 13 in Newport.  With 217 people in attendance and 19 exhibitors, this was one of the highest attended schools in T2 history. The conference, held at the Best Western Agate Beach Inn, offered 31 classes, including two Level 1 Roads Scholar core classes and a Level 2 Roads Scholar core class.  There was also the opportunity to earn either 1.5 General or 1.6 Wastewater Continuing Education Units (CEUs).
A highlight of the conference was the timeliness and appropriateness of sessions presented including “Current Federal/OR Sign Requirements” by Heidi Shoblom which covered the new MUTCD requirements, “OTTCHB (Orange Book) 2011 Updates” by Eric Leaming and Scott McCanna.  There were also some general topics that were a tremendous hit including “Surviving Change in Your Organization” by Tony Jobanek who has been asked to speak at our general session this fall.
The APWA/T2 Spring School, as always, provided a way for public works and transportation employees to hear the most up-to-date information available, receive training, view products from a variety of vendors, earn CEU’s, and network with other workers from all over the State.
Mark your calendar now for the APWA/T2 Fall School being held on October 17-19, at The Riverhouse in Bend.
Scholarships Available for APWA /T2 Schools
The Oregon Chapter of the APWA offers a number of tuition-free scholarships to underwrite county and city public works employees’ attendance at the Spring and Fall Schools. Supervisor approval is required and only one request per agency will be considered. If you are interested, contact the Oregon APWA at (541) 994-3201 or the T2 Center for further information.​
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Can You Spot What's Wrong With These Pictures?

See Below for Answers​
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Roads Scholar Agency Plaques

On June 15th, Bill Kolzow, T2 Trainer, presented Jon Goldman, Maintenance Supervisor City of Albany with an agency plaque. Pictured are four of the city’s six Roads Scholars: (L to R)  Robb Romeo, Ken Riggle, Jon Goldman, Bill Kolzow, Danny Nunn, 
and Chris Molthan.
Bill Kolzow, T2 Center Trainer (left), presents Tony
Jobanek (front center), Fleet Manager with a Roads Scholar program agency plaque at the City of Eugene Public Works.   In the back row are two of the city’s nine Roads Scholars, Wayne Masoner, and Chad Mickelson.
On March 28th, Bill Kolzow, T2 Trainer, presented Rae Sorenson, Transportation Superintendent City of Gresham with an agency plaque.  Pictured are all nine of the city’s Roads Scholars: (L to R) Scott Griffin, Gene Blystone Sr, Arnie Talvitie, Justin Foreman,
Rae Sorenson, Ryan Sparks Sr., Lane Wood, Stacy Skerjanec, and Amber Messenger.
City of Redmond employee, David Hudson displays Roads Scholar agency plaque along with six of ten Redmond fellow Roads Scholars (L to R) Jerry Zimmerman, Everett Luff, John Salladay, Cliff Davis, Dale Martin, Mike Brannon and, T2 Trainer, Dave White.
On May 23rd, Bill Kolzow, T2 Trainer, presented Bill Barrier, Transportation Supervisor City of The Dalles with and agency plaque. 
Pictured are five of the city’s nine Roads Scholars: (L to R)  Steve Johnson, Bill Kolzow, Delbert Huskey, Bill Barrier, Chuck Patterson, and Chris Kochis.


Front and Center, Bill Kolzow, T2 Center Trainer (right), presents Dave Hill (left), Public Works Director with a Roads Scholar program agency plaque at the Columbia County Roads Department on January 25th.   In the back row are four of the county’s 13 Roads Scholars, (L to R) Ryan Allen, Terry Miller, Mark Grau, and Jeff Peterson.

Josephine County Public Works receives an agency plaque.  Pictured are nine of the county’s 18 Roads Scholars: L to R:
Jeff Goodman; Dan Shipley, David Rubrecht, Chris “Bear” Mounce, Gordon Kennedy (behind Chris); Jason Malcolm, Glenn Willis (behind Jason), John Grover, and Jeff Wheaton.
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Roads Scholar

Both Level 1 and Level 2 Roads Scholar program classes will continue to be offered by the T2 Center in the spring and fall.  During the first half of 2012, the Level 1 classes RS-7 Effective Communication Skills and RS-8 Environmental BMPs 2 were presented at the 2012 Street Maintenance and Collection Systems Spring School held at the Agate Beach Best Western in April.  Both classes were also presented in Portland, Hillsboro, Eugene and Albany during May and June.  We also continued the Roads Scholar Level 2 program at the spring school by presenting the RS-14 Roadway Safety Fundamentals 1.
During the first half of 2012, an additional 30 program participants completed their Level 1 Roads Scholar requirements and those successful individuals are:
Don Boyd (Benton County)
James Eckstein (Linn County)
Gary Champion (Benton County
Rick Hausmann (Linn County)
Peter Neuman (Benton County)
Alan Klinkebiel (Linn County)
Lonnie Wheeler (Benton County)
Jeffery Maskal (Linn County)
Michael “Mitch” Aaron (Josephine County)
Craig Kight (City of Grants Pass)
Ralph Jordan (Clackamas County)
Jay Daniels (City of Bend)
Allan “Scott” Baker (City of Central Point)
Shane Jones (City of Bend)
Sean Garrison (City of McMinnville)
Adam Malinowski (City of Bend)
Scott Dickinson (City of Corvallis)
Shanon Thomasson (City of Bend)
Kevin Zuidema (City of Corvallis)
Rick Volkman (City of Bend)
Lincoln Loerts (Marion County)
William Waldrop (City of Bend)
Charles “Chuck” McKay ( Marion County)
Rick DuMilieu (Lake County)
Charles “Chuck” Nichols (Marion County)
Mike McNatt (City of Eugene Airport)
David Vaupel (Marion County)
Vince Sedlacek (City of Philomath)
Dennis Beckler (Linn County)
Casey McEvoy (ODOT)
If you are one of these individuals, your certificate will be mailed to your supervisor either in July or August.  With the addition of these 30 recent graduates, 277 program participants have completed the Roads Scholar Level 1 Certificate since the program inception in the fall of 2001.  Our congratulations go out to all on these individuals on their accomplishments which demonstrate a significant commitment to self-improvement and personal development.  We also extend our appreciation to the counties and cities of Oregon and the Oregon DOT for participation in and support of the Oregon Roads Scholar program.
We will continue to offer more Roads Scholar Level 1 classes at numerous locations during the second half of 2012.  If your agency is interested in hosting the RS-7 Effective Communication Skills and RS-8 Environmental BMPs 2 classesplease let us know since we will soon begin working on a fall schedule for these classes. We also plan on offering RS-9 Maintenance Math and RS-10 Introduction to Survey at the 2012 Street Maintenance and Collection Systems Fall School scheduled for October 17th to October 19th at the Riverhouse Hotel and Convention Center in Bend.  In addition, we will also be offering the Level 2 classes RS-14 Roadway Safety Fundamentals 1 at the OACES 19th Annual Technical Training School and Equipment Operator Skills Demonstration on September 12th in Roseburg and the RS-15 Roadway Safety Fundamentals 2 at the fall school for those who have completed the Level 1 requirements.
To schedule the RS-7 and RS-8 Roads Scholar classes or if you just have questions, please contact Rebekah Clack at the T2 Center by calling 1 (800) 544-7134 or (503) 986-2855.
Josephine County employee, Jason Malcolm, proudly shows off his Roads Scholar certificate.​
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Changing Faces at T2


Bob Raths
 was appointed the ODOT T2 Center Director in early 2003 after a long and varied career with the Federal Highway Administration.  After nine years as the Director, he has decided to move on to another stage in his life.
Bob commented that “The job has been very personally rewarding, provided an opportunity to meet a lot of interesting and dedicated people and hopefully along the way, I have helped make a difference. I have appreciated the high level of support from ODOT that the T2 Center has enjoyed during my tenure especially those provided by TDD Administrator Jerri Bohard and Research Manager Barnie Jones. 
It is time, however, to move along and let someone else with new perspectives and more energy run the program.  Good bye and best wishes to all of you who I have worked with over the past nine years.”
Bob’s replacement has not been selected as yet but it will be business as usual for the T2 Center. Our trainers will still be available to deliver training at your site so don’t hesitate to call Rebekah Clack at (503) 986-2855 and arrange for needed training classes.
Gene Rushing joined the T2 Center as a Training and Development Specialist in August 2010.  He came to us with 25 years experience in training and safety fields including 21 years with the State of Oregon.  Before joining the T2 Center, Gene was instrumental in developing the ODOT Maintenance Academy as well as many other training programs that the State still uses today.  After a year and a half with T2, Gene has decided to resign and pursue other opportunities.
 Please join us in wishing both men “Good Luck” as they move on to new opportunities and ventures!​
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Circuit Rider Corner - Forklift Safety Practices Part 3

By Bill Kolzow
Many workplaces couldn’t do without forklifts, but they can certainly do without forklift accidents and the resulting injuries.  Part 1 detailed basic training all forklift operators should receive, and Part 2 covered safety tips to consider before beginning forklift operation.  Here are some basic operating safety tips now that you’re ready to start up the forklift.
¨           Check the load you’re about to transport.  Does its weight fall within the forklift’s load capacity, as noted on the forklift data plate?  Remember that forklift attachments usually reduce normal capacity.
¨           Is the load well-balanced and secure on the pallet; load center of gravity at a proper load center (center point of the pallet?)  Does the pallet look stable, or is it cracked, deteriorating, possibly close to collapse?
¨           Exercise caution when handling unusually shaped and off-center loads.  Four common causes of unstable loads are damaged pallets, overhanging loads, off-center loads, and loose or slippery loads.
¨           Slowly approach the pallet and load, making sure the forks are spread properly (not too close and not too wide) and will slide easily into the pallet.  Move under the load until the pallet nudges against the back rest/vertical portion of the forks, or as far as possible.
¨           Slightly tilt back the load/forks and raise to a safe traveling height.
¨           Remember – No riders/passengers!
¨           Before moving forward or back, check for people or potential obstacles in or near your travel path.  If the load is tall enough to obscure your view forward, drive with the load trailing.
¨           Travel at a walking speed of no more than 4 – 5 MPH.
¨           Stay alert; be aware of the traveling surface(s); avoid sudden braking. 
¨           Turn in a sweeping motion, using the inside front tire as a pivot point for tight turns.
¨           Sound the horn when approaching corners and blind areas.
¨           Lift and lower the load only when stopped.  Never walk, stand, or allow anyone to pass beneath a raised load.
¨           Drive straight up and back straight down inclines and ramps.  If the load obscures your view, work with a spotter to guide you safely forward.
¨           Avoid running over loose objects or through fluids on the travel surface. 
¨           If crossing railroad tracks or similar bumpy surfaces, cross them at a diagonal.
¨           Remember that the two most common forklift hazards are tipping and pedestrians.
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Need a Quick Technical Overview?

National Highway Institute Provides Free Web-Based Training
NHI1.gifNHI2.gifFor most of us, time is a precious commodity and we sometimes need a technical overview for some technology, technique, or concept but we don’t have the luxury of attending a full day training workshop right now. 
The National Highway Institute (NHI) can be a resource in such instances.  NHI offers a host of web-based, self-paced courses that are free to use.  The courses run as little as 30 minutes to as high as 12 hours or more.  Some are very basic and others are intended for a more intermediate or advanced audience.  Many of them provide continuing education units (CEUs) for those who need them. 
See pictures in this article for how to easily find these courses and browse through the whole collection.  Topics range from pavement preservation (chip seals, micro-surfacing, fog seals, crack seals, thin lift asphalt, etc.) to concrete paving to inspection to basic math to GPS technology to surveying to plan reading to work zone design to traffic safety to CDL topics and many others in between. 
Each selection has a “FHWA-NHI-XXXXXX” number next to it that is a link to the course description, its training level, expected time to complete, intended audience, and other information.
NHI3.gifMany of the courses were developed by the Transportation Curriculum Coordination Council (TCCC), a partnership between the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), state departments of transportation, and the highway industry. 

To find these courses, start at their home page, www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov, and in about the middle left of the page you will see an link for Search for a Course, below which you will see a “more search options” link - that will lead you to an expanded search engine that you can largely ignore except to select, under Delivery Type, “Web-Based Training (WBT)” and then hit Search. 
Are these a substitute for more in-depth, classroom training?  Usually not, but these can get you started on your own schedule.  Then, contact the Oregon T2 Center if you need something more in-depth.  We may be able to provide one-on-one assistance or may have an upcoming education workshop which will fill your training needs.
Meanwhile, explore NHI’s offerings and get an introduction to some new topics on your own schedule.  For free.
See page 11 for one example of the free training offered through the NHI website.



Maintenance Training Series Web-based Training
The Maintenance Training Series was created to train individuals responsible for the maintenance of our Nation’s roadways. The series consists of 11 self-paced, Web-based trainings (WBTs) on various maintenance operations topics, ranging from the conceptual (pavement preservation) to the practical (management of underground storage tanks). The trainings included in the series are listed below and each will take approximately 1 hour to complete.
Participants who wish to complete all 11 trainings in the Maintenance Training Series should enroll in course 134109. Those who are interested in specific topics may enroll in each training individually.
·                  Pavement Preservation Program (134109A)
·                  Shaping and Shoulders (134109B)
·                  Thin HMA Overlays and Leveling (134109C)
·                  Base and Subbase Stabilization and Repair (134109D)
·                  Drainage (134109E)
·                  Outdoor Advertising and Litter Control (134109F)
·                  Roadside Vegetation Management (134109G)
·                  Weather-related Operations (134109H)
·                  Basics of Work Zone Traffic Control (134109I)
·                  Underground Storage Tanks (134109J)
·                  Cultural and Historic Preservation (134109K)
OUTCOMES: Upon completion of the training, participants will be able to:
·         Learning outcomes have been established at the module level. Please see the individual modules for the specific learning outcomes.
TARGET AUDIENCE: This course is designed for State, regional, and county personnel who manage operations programs and deal with oversight and quality assurance across a State, region, or county. The target audience also is involved with handling materials, scheduling, budgeting, and planning.
LENGTH: 11 hours CEU: 0 Units FEE: $0 Per Participant
CLASS SIZE: Minimum: 1; Maximum: 1
REGISTRATION: Please visit the NHI Web site to register for this training.
NHI TRAINING TEAM: (703) 235-0534 •
Christopher Newman • (202) 366-2023 •
Marty Ross • (720) 963-3212 •
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Answer to What's Wrong With These Pictures

From Above
One of the primary causes of roadside accidents and deaths is driver inattention or distraction.  We become inattentive to our driving as we talk on our cell phones, text, work the many electronic devices on the dashboard, and even attempt to read our tablets or laptops.  It takes only an instant to deviate off a safe path.  The two photos, taken on a high speed road, show some potentially fatal roadside hazards that deserve our attention and that of the road agency.  One hazard is readily and inexpensively corrected.  The other requires a potential monetary investment and some alternative analyses. Let’s briefly look at each.
Photo 1 – A large, deep irrigation channel parallels this highway.  It is filled with water during the irrigation season.  The area also experiences winter conditions such as snow and ice, and year-round fairly high volume traffic.  A hazard analysis should be completed, followed by a cost comparison of possible hazard reduction alternatives.  No one agency has sufficient funding available to solve the numerous hazards which can exist, but we all need to be aware of them, establish a prioritizing system to possibly deal with them, and document our analyses for both planning and liability purposes.
Solution – Not so easy, and potentially expensive.
Photo 2 – The farmer/rancher in this location left part of an irrigation system in the highway right-of-way, where it remained at least overnight.  A brief stop at the owner’s residence and a quick explanation of the potential hazard involved will most likely resolve the problem.  The agency might also consider “getting out the word” to local land owners regarding cooperation in not leaving items (big or small) in the right-of-way or near the road.
Solution – Quick and inexpensive.​
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Local and Rural Safety Resources - From FHWA

Noteworthy Practices: Addressing Safety on Locally-Owned and Maintained Roads - A Domestic Scan
Seven States were identified to participate in the Local Road Safety Domestic Scan. The domestic scan can report identifies andocuments practices ithe planning, programmingand implementation of effortsto improve locaroad safetyPractices are presented idata collectioand analysislocaprojectidentificationlocaproject administration; funding; training and technical assistance; outreach and partnerships between State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and local agencies.
Implementing the High Risk Rural Roads Program
This document contains findings from research and subsequent follow-up to states' implementationof the High Risk Rural Roads Program (HRRRP) withithe context oStatesprograms and policies.
Local Roads Safety Resource CD
The CD provides quick and easy access to the latest information on local roads safety. Organized bytopic area in one placethCD provides guidance, tools, and other resources from governmentagencies and national associations olocal roadway safety.
Local and Rural Safety Peer-to-Peer Program
FHWA established the Peer-to-Peer (P2PProgram as a form of technical assistance for locaandrural highway agencies to adequately address safety problems on the roads they maintain. Experts with knowledge in various local and rural road safety issues volunteer their time to provide assistanceto their peers requesting help. Whatever the safety issue your local agency is facingthere is a Peer ready and willing to help. 
A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners:
Intersection Safety
Roadway Departure Safety
Road Safety Information Analysis
This series identifies safety issues related to intersectionsroadway departure, and informationanalysis on local rural roadways. It offers procedures and processes to reduce the potential forfuture crashes on these roads.
Intersection Safety: FHWA-SA-11 -08
Roadway Departure SafetyFHWA-SA-11-09
Road Safety Information AnalysisFHWA-SA-11-10


















Local Guides
Road Safety Tools for Local Agencies
NCHRP Synthesis 321 focuses on identifying safety tools that can be used by these agencies in formulating safety programs. It recognizes the wide variation in the parameters of operation and responsibilities of local agencies.  Also, it acknowledges that expertise in transportation safety analysis varies widely among local agencies.
Maintenance of Drainage Features for Safety -
A Guide for Local Street and Highway Maintenance Personnel
This guide is intended to help local road agency maintenance workers understand the importance of maintaining and upgrading drainage features on their road system to avoid an unsafe condition.
Maintenance of Signs and Sign Supports -
A Guide for Local Highway and Street Maintenance Personnel
This guide, which is an update to the same titled guide published in 1990, is intended to help local agency maintenance workers ensure their agency's signs are maintained to meet the needs of the road user. The guide succinctly covers: sign types, sign materials and sign supports; sign installation and the elements of a sign management system.
W-Beam Guardrail Repair - A Guide for Highway and Street Maintenance Personnel
The purpose of this guide is to provide highway and maintenance personnel with up-to-date information on how to repair damaged W-Beam guardrails, the most frequently used barrier system.
Vegetation Control for Safety - A Guide for Local Highway and Street Maintenance Personnel
The purpose of this guide is to help local road agency maintenance workers identify locations where vegetation control is needed to improve traffic and pedestrian safety, to provide guidance for maintenance crews, and to make them aware of safe ways tmow, cut brush and otherwise control roadside vegetation.

Order copies from the FHWA Report Center,

(814) 239-1160Fax (814239-2156,


These documents can be found online at:





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Technical Resources - New Videos in the Library

The T2 lending library is a free loan-by-mail lending program to local government agencies such as counties, cities, tribal governments, road districts, and transit providers.  Materials are loaned for 2 weeks from the date of initial mailing.  More time may be approved by calling or emailing the office with your request.  Due to copyright infringement laws, most materials may not be duplicated.  Your only cost for using the lending library is the return postage.  Although not required, we suggest the materials be returned by UPS ground or a similar service, so that it can be tracked in case of being lost in the mail. However, you are free to also return borrowed materials by first class mail.
We try to regularly add new DVDs to the lending library, and more will be added soon.  
Flagging Fundamentals—6 Steps to Safety
"Flagging Fundamentals" DVD provides the latest information to revitalize flagging training programs with information from the most recent federal and industry standards.  By focusing on six steps to safe flagging operations, the video is an excellent tool to refresh flaggers which may need to sharpen their skills and remember the critical elements of flagging operations.  20 minutes
Chainsaw Safety: Real Accidents, Real Stories 
The team lead is looked at to set the tone of the workday. Follow what can happen when that team lead, or any worker, doesn't follow required safety guidelines and safety procedures in this behavior based safety training program.  11 minutes
Chainsaw Safety Basics: An Expert's Perspective
Public works and other occupations often use chain saws in tree trimming, landscaping maintenance, brush control, and home use. Includes instruction on how to use the proper daily safety precautions during use of cut off saws on the job. Outlines safety procedure from pre-use inspection all the way to shutdown. 14 minutes
OSHA`s Inspection and Citation Process
If you fall under OSHA, then use this film to train your staff.   14 minutes
Trenching & Shoring Safety: The Competent Person
It occurs year after year, workers needlessly dying in trench cave-ins. This video program is designed to train your employees what the responsibilities of competent person are, along with what is required to keep in compliance with CFR 1926.650.   25 minutes
Welding & Cutting Torch Safety
Welding and cutting activities produce sparks or use open flames and can create potential hazards, especially in confined spaces and process areas. When working with gas welding and cutting operations, there are a number of safety guidelines employees must follow. This program trains your employees in basic safety procedures and safe work practices to prevent injury or property damage during welding and cutting operations. 16 minutes
Encourage your employees to utilize the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) MSDS with this in-depth video. Specifically created to train your workers in the ANSI format, you will teach your employees the importance of material safety data sheets and their role in OSHA's hazard communication standard. 12 minutes
Electrical Safety
Electricity is all around us. It lights up our homes, powers the machinery and equipment that we use, and runs many of our tools. We are so used to using electricity, most employees simply take it for granted. Yet electricity can also be dangerous. Employees need to know how electricity works, and what they should do to protect themselves from its hazards.  17 minutes
Asbestos Awareness: Employee Basic Training
Employers are required to provide basic awareness training for employees who may have to work around asbestos containing materials. This program covers topics where training is required by various government safety regulations, and forms the core of the two hour asbestos awareness training requirement mandated by OSHA. 18 minutes
Fire Extinguishers - Basic Training
Workplace fires cause millions of dollars in damages each year and lead to thousands of employee injuries. Many fire catastrophes can be prevented if employees know how to stop a small fire from spreading. Use this comprehensive video to teach your employees how to properly and safely use fire extinguishers in case a fire does break out. 13 minutes
Hand & Power Tool Safety In Construction Environments
Most people have injured themselves with a power tool at least once in their lives. In fact, learning to use some tools seems to "require" a little pain. But, tool accidents on the job also result in thousands of serious injuries and hundreds of deaths each year, most of which could have been avoided by simply handling tools safely. This video, shows how accidents can be significantly reduced by applying good general safety rules, and reviews what hazards are associated with the specific types of tools we use. 18 minutes​
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Calendar of Events and Training

ODOT                              http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/HWY/TECHSERV/upcomingengtrng.shtml
June 26
FCC Historic Preservation Training For Communication Facilities – Tribal Focus
June 28
FCC Historic Preservation Training For Communication Facilities
Oregon State University (OSU)                                
June 20—
June 21
Urban Street Design
Aug 6—Aug 8
Highway Safety Manual
Sept 19—Sept 21
Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices
American Public Works Association (APWA)     
Oct 17—Oct 19
Street Maintenance & Collection Systems Fall School
Nov 13—Nov 16
NWPWI Leadership Skills
Cannon Beach
Dec 4—Dec 7
NWPWI Public Works Essentials
Miscellaneous Conferences
Sept 11—Sept 13
OACES Skills Demo
Oct 16— Oct 18
2012 Pacific NW Bridge Maintenance Conference
Oregon T2 Center                                                                 http://egov.oregon.gov/ODOT/TD/TP_T2/
A full list of training classes offered by the T2 Center is available on-line at the above website under the "Training Programs" heading. To schedule any of the "Circuit Rider" classes, please contact Rebekah Clack at (503) 986-2855. Additional information on training sponsored by the T2 Center is available at our website under the "Training Programs" and "Training Calendar" headings.
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Oregon's Technology Transfer (T2)Center

The center is jointly sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the counties and cities of Oregon, and the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT)/ FHWA funds are provided through the Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP).
The purpose of the Oregon T2 Center is to help local transportation agencies obtain information and training on transportation technology relating to roads, bridges and public transportation. To accomplish this purpose, we:LTAP.gif
  • provide low-cost seminars, training classes and workshops;
  • publish a quarterly newsletter;
  • provide a “Circuit Rider” service, taking video programs and informational materials to local agencies;
  • provide a lending library service of audio/visual programs on a variety of transportation topics;
  • Provide copies of technical bulletins or reports upon request; and respond to telephone and mail inquires relating to transportation technology or make a referral to a specialist.​
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Technology Transfer Center Steering Committee

The Technology Transfer Center Steering Committee members listed below help guide and direct the policies and activities of the Oregon Technology Transfer (T2) Center. You are invited to contact any of them to comment, make suggestions or ask questions about any aspect of the T2 Program.
Bruce Hildebrandt, Chair
Street Supervisor
City of Salem
Jim Buisman
Public Works Director
Lincoln County
Dick Bergen
Facility Operations Specialist
Bureau of Land Mgmt, Portland


Bill Whitson

Road Maintenance Manager

Multnomah County




Liane Welch
Public Works Director
Tillamook County
Evelyn Pech, Vice Chair
Operations Supervisor
Marion County
Larry Beskow
City Engineer
City of Medford


Jon Oshel

County Roads Program Mgr.

Association of Oregon Counties



Michael Sorenson

Safety and Risk Officer

City of Hillsboro



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