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Deschutes SIP
Overview
In January of 2008, the OWEB Board allocated $4 million for the Deschutes Special Investment Partnership.  The goal of this SIP is to re-establish anadromous fish runs and enhance resident fish populations in the main stem and in tributary streams on both the eastside and the westside of the Deschutes basin, including the Crooked River subbasin.  Anadromous fish populations were eliminated by a number of factors, chief among them, the construction of a series of dams and reservoirs, with Pelton and Round Butte Dams (1964) forming the lowest (in elevation) of the fish passage barriers on the Deschutes River mainstem. The Partnership included the Deschutes River Conservancy, Deschutes Land Trust, Upper Deschutes Watershed Council, and Crooked River Watershed Council.
 

  100 years of channelization and stream-side development has impacted eleven miles of Whychus Creek, a tributary of the Deschutes River.
 
Several partners are working together on a multi-year project to reconnect and restore the historic channel flowing through Camp Polk northeast of Sisters.  The partners expect to restore a 1.7 mile reach of Whychus Creek which will provide spawning and rearing habitat for resident and anadromous fish and create 35 acres of wetland.
 
The Deschutes partners have been active for some time in developing and implementing projects related to habitat restoration, flow enhancement, passage barrier removal, irrigation intake screening, and other projects supportive of anadromous fish reintroduction.  The Deschutes Partnership Agreement was signed by OWEB, Upper Deschutes Watershed Council, Crooked River Watershed Council, Deschutes Basin Land Trust, and Deschutes River Conservancy.  
 
In the 2007-2009 biennium, the partners initiated or implemented 16 projects.  The Board awarded an additional $4 million to the Deschutes SIP in September of 2009.

Project Area
  
 

 
Map prepared by: Deb Quinlan / Deschutes GeoGraphics

Projects Awarded or Pending Award to Date
 
Projects Funded in 2009-2011 Biennium
 
Three Sisters Irrigation District Piping Funded for $999,978.  The Three Sisters Irrigation District has been awarded $2,800,000 of federal stimulus funds to complete two phases of the main canal piping for the district.  The project will result in 3 cfs. of water saved and allocated for in-stream purposes. 
 
Three Sisters Irrigation District Fish Screening and Passage Funded for $1,000,000.  The diversion and fish screen will be upgraded to ensure fish passage at all water stages and the stream below the diversion for a quarter of a mile will be restored to improve both instream and riparian habitat.  The site has received chronic disturbance in the past with the management of the diversion.
 
Whispering Star Ranch Acquisition Funded for $1,250,000.  The Deschutes Land Trust has acquired an option to purchase property along nearly 2 miles of Whychus Creek.  This conservation acquisition lies between the Wolftree Discovery Outpost (partially funded by OWEB) and Rimrock Ranch conservation easement (partially funded by OWEB).
 
McKay Creek Water Rights Evaluation Funded for $65,000.  The Deschutes River Conservancy is working with the Ochoco Irrigation District to evaluate the feasibility of eliminating diversions on McKay Creek and irrigating from other sources.  The evaluation will result in a proposal to adjust water rights in the Crooked River Valley.
 
 
Projects Funded in 2007-2009 Biennium
 
Spring Creek Restoration Design Funded for $26,450.  Developing a vegetation restoration plan for the Spring Creek easement property that enhances the aquatic resources will be completed over the winter for implementation later in the year.
 
Whychus Creek Restoration at Discovery Outpost Funded for $25,000.  The Upper Deschutes Watershed Council will develop and implement a riparian and floodplain restoration plan and implement initial efforts for the property purchased as a conservation acquisition in 2008.  The restoration will focus on the area where structures have been removed and historic human uses were concentrated.
 
McKay Creek Diversion Remediation Funded for $260,565.  The Crooked River Watershed Council will develop fish passage for all the diversions along McKay Creek.  This project is tied to the evaluation of the water rights and alternative approaches to providing irrigation water in the McKay Creek basin.
 
Edgington Diversion Funded for $48,850.  The Upper Deschutes Watershed Council will design and implement fish passage at the Edgington diversion on Whychus Creek.  This diversion is one of a limited number remaining on Whychus Creek that will require removal or retrofitting for fish passage
 
Lower Crooked River Fish Passage and Protection ProgramFunded for $420,000.  Nine vertical rotary drum screens that no longer meet NOAA Fisheries and ODFW screening criteria will be replaced at the North Unit Irrigation District Crooked River Pumping Plant diversion. 
 
Lake Creek Culvert Removal ProjectFunded for $69,430.  The project focuses on removal of a culvert to enhance migration and spawning for Chinook, sockeye, bull trout and redband trout in a tributary of the Metolius River.  Culvert removal eliminates a significant erosion hazard and creates improved floodplain access for Lake Creek.
 
McKenzie Canyon Black Butte Canal Irrigation Efficiency Project Phase 1 & 2Funded for $656,266.  This canal piping project will permanently restore and legally protect 2.4 cfs instream to be held in trust by the State of Oregon.
 
Whychus Creek Restoration at Camp PolkFunded for $830,098. To benefit spawning and rearing for resident and anadromous fish 1.7 miles of stream channel will be restored at the Camp Polk Meadow Preserve.  This project includes more than 200,000 native plants and 30 acres wetlands created, and an increase of a half a mile of channel length.
 
Ochoco Creek Stream Enhancement and Greenway ExpansionFunded for $209,346.  Three miles of the Lower Crooked River through the City of Prineville Urban Growth Boundary will be improved.  The project will involve removing or lowering levees, constructing off-channel habitat for fish rearing and flood refugia, bank stabilization to reduce erosion, and riparian reforestation.
 
Whychus Creek Restoration Project (Phase 1) - Funded for $79,860.  Approximately one mile of stream channel will be restored to improve spawning and rearing habitat for resident and anadromous fish within the City of Sisters urban growth boundary.  The project will result in Whychus Creek being restored throughout the urban area, resulting in significant benefits to steelhead, redband trout, riparian condition, and water quality.
 
Three Sisters Irrigation District DiversionFunded for $22,000.  Several groups are working together on a comprehensive restoration design for the Three Sisters Irrigation District's (TSID) diversion on Whychus Creek near Sisters.  The design will improve fish passage and stream function in the ¼ mile diversion reach.
 
Crooked River Central DiversionFunded for $773,980.  This diversion dam four miles west of the City of Prineville will be completely reconstructed and a fish passage structure will be added.  The seasonal flashboard dam constructed in 1927 will be replaced with an Obermeyer inflatable weir to automatically maintain pool elevation. 
 
Peoples Irrigation District DiversionFunded for $38,000.  A ‘nature-like’ fish passage structure will be constructed at the diversion that currently blocks passage east of Prineville.  The structure will contain boulders, cobble, gravel, and large wood.  Weirs will facilitate upstream and downstream migration.
 
TSID Main CanalFunded for $21,477.  This project will produce a seepage loss analysis and water conservation design on 3.7 miles of the TSID irrigation canal.  The canal diverts water from Whychus Creek near Sisters and has a high seepage loss due to permeable soils.
 
Spring Creek EasementFunded for $300,000.  Loss and degradation of wetland and riparian habitats is a major concern within the Metolius basin due to residential and resort development.  This easement on private property will protect the headwaters of Spring Creek and important habitat for anadromous fish species.
 
NUID Canal LiningFunded for $99,884.  The North Unit Irrigation District’s (NUID) canal diverts water from the Deschutes River near Bend, runs across high desert, and then joins the Crooked River near Smith Rock.  The design will address low streamflow conditions which are a major limiting factor for stream temperature, fish habitat, gravel recruitment, and riparian habitat conditions in these reaches. 

Supporting Documents

Staff reports supporting the formation and funding of the Deschutes SIP 
 
September 18-19, 2007
January 16-17, 2008
       Attachments
May 20-21, 2008
September 16-17, 2008 
January 21-22, 2009 
September 15-16, 2009 Progress Report and Spending Plan 
 
A Complete list of objectives and potential projects (PDF).

Data Requests
Deschutes SIP - ANSI E w/Street Map PDF (3mb)
Deschutes SIP - ANSI E w/Hillshade PDF (3mb)