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    Reports
  • Oregon Recidivism Analysis November 2016
  • Oregon Recidivism Analysis May 2016
  • Oregon Recidivism Analysis November 2015
  • Oregon Recidivism Analysis May 2015

  • Summary

    Historically, recidivism in Oregon has been tracked with a single definition: a new felony conviction within three years of r​elease for incarceration or imposition of probation. Criminal justice stakeholders are well versed in this recidivism definition, and some are in the habit of referencing a single recidivism number from memory based on the latest recidivism analysis. The new definition essentially provides three measures of recidivism, and a richer context for recidivism analysis. Developing the analysis necessary to report recidivism using this new definition requires the merging of multiple criminal justice data systems on a scale never achieved before in Oregon.

    This report is a follow-up to the first comprehensive statewide analysis2 using the definition of adult recidivism in HB 3194 (codified in ORS 423.557). The most recent data available is included, along with additional analyses to disaggregate recidivism rates by age, gender, race, crime type, and risk to recidivate level.

    Many factors can impact recidivism rates such as law enforcement resources and other criminal justice system resources, the risk profile of individuals in the system, changing emphasis on arrests or prosecutions, as well as the use of evidence based programs. This analysis does not attempt to explain why recidivism rates have changed over time, but simply displays the recidivism rates for offenders released from incarceration or sentenced to felony probation statewide and county by county.

    This analysis shows the current statewide rates of recidivism:

    • For those released from prison or from a felony jail sentence in the first six months of 2012:

      • 17% were re-incarcerated for a new felony crime within three years of release,
      • 40% were convicted of a new misdemeanor or felony crime within three years of release, and
      • 53% were arrested for a new crime within three years of release.

    • For those who started a felony probation sentence in the first six months of 2012:

      • 12% were incarcerated for a new felony crime within three years,
      • 39% were convicted of a new misdemeanor or felony crime within three years, and
      • 46% were arrested for a new crime within three years.
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