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RELIGIOUS SERVICES ARTICLES OF INTEREST
Best Practices for Ethics and Religion in Community Corrections
 
Best Practices for Ethics and Religion in Community Corrections
Journal of the International Community Corrections Association
August 1998
 
Advocates of community corrections are grappling with a difficult problem: how to create a more just, humane, and crime free society through the reform and development of community corrections? This paper argues that in order to do this, community corrections must thoroughly reflect upon, understand, and incorporate an ethical and religious dimension into its work, because ethics and religion play a vital role in the development of personal and social responsibility and in the prevention and reduction of crime in the U.S. Everyone in society suffers when crime and injustice occur. Victims suffer tremendously. Federal, state, and local governments are seen to be ineffective and have to bear the extremely high financial costs of crime. The community suffers a loss in the quality of its life, and offenders ultimately weaken their positive and beneficial attachments to other people and to society. In considering the way in which the ethical and religious dimensions of community corrections may help community corrections alleviate this suffering, community corrections should adopt certain important approaches or "best practices". These include historical, interdisciplinary, multi-cultural, empirical, critical, interpersonal, dialectical, and normative dimensions. We begin with historical. More...

Combining Officer Supervision Skills
 
Combining Officer Supervision Skills
Perspectives-The Journal of the American Probation and Parole Association
 
John Augustus (1784-1850 gave birth to the entire field of community corrections when he sucessfully luanched the first prototype for the supervision of offenders in the community at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Almost two hundred years later, however, community corrections lacks a clearly articlualted and tested model that can empirically justify and give practical guidence for the daily contact of officers with offenders and the most beneficial allocation of agency resources. Rather, probation and parole systems have gone back and forth between two vague and ill defined officer approaches for reducing recidivism and improving offender outcomes: the so-called law enforcement and case work models. More... 

A Community, Faith and State Re-entry Partnership to Increase...
 
Home for Good in Oregon:
A Community, Faith and State Re-entry Partnership to Increase Restorative Justice
(Corrections Today - October 2004)
 
Faith-based prison initiatives, from the White House down, are the subject of considerable public attention and heated debate. Some people truly believe, others are skeptical and some are just curious about the potential power of faith-based programs to change lives. Still others are deeply concerned that such programs will lead to an unconstitutional blurring of church and state boundaries or to the establishment of religion (i.e., favoring religious people over nonreligious people or those of one faith over another) And while the debate rages on, 650,000 inmates are being released each year back to American's communities. More... 

Criminology and Religion: The Shape of an Authentic Dialogue
 
Criminology & Public Policy
Criminology and Religion: The Shape of an Authentic Dialogue
September 2006
 
The topic of religion and the criminal justice system is now clearly on the national criminological agenda; therefore, we recommend that policy makers incorporate the following considerations into their decision-making process. First, the history of this dialogue challenges policy makers to clearly articulate their own basic assumptions about the nature of people and their ability to be "good" or the "change" as such assumptions profoundly influence the shape of the penal system. Second, after understanding the extent and role of religion among offenders, policy makers need to strengthen the role of professional correctional chaplains and engage a wider variety of community voices in the correctional system. Third, policy makers should promote a mutually enhancing dialogue between the principles of effective correctional treatment and the ethical and compassionate principles of religion. Incorporating these three considerations should help policy makers avoid some dangers and achieve four complementary outcomes: (1) a greater involvement of the community in the criminal justice system, (2) the development of authentic spiritualities among prisoners who choose to act on their constitutional right to practice their religion, (3) a more humane criminal justice system, and (4) a reduction in recidivism for some offenders and an increase in public safety. More... 

Ministry Beyond Bars
 
Ministry Beyond Bars:
Spirituality Awakened in Prison Seeks to Survive & Flourish
in the Re-Entry Process
Ecumenical Ministries of Oregon Spring 2007
 
What role, if any, does your theology and the theology of your faith community play in the criminal justice system of Oregon? Does your personal faith practice or praxis and the praxis of your faith community play any role in the criminal justice system of Oregon? More... 

Religious Program Outcomes: This Side of Heaven
 
Religious Programs Outcomes: This Side of Heaven
American Correctional Association
The State of Corrections
1999 Proceeding, ACA Annual Conference
 
Spirituality, Religion and "What Works"
This paper is about the interplay between spirituality, religious programming and the "what works" research movement in corrections. The question that dominates interest in every correctional program is "does it work"? Because we live in a world of performance-based budgeting and outcomes, when we ask whether a correctional program works, we mean something like does it reduce recidivism or does it reduce infractions in prison, and does it reduce costs? In this paper we will examine how two different Departments of Corrections, one in South Carolina and the other in Oregon, assisted by the Center for Social Research, have integrated religious programming and spirituality into a research framework that considers program outcomes. In an era when some state correctional systems have already chosen to and some are contemplating the elimination of their prison chaplains, it is important for correctional religious services to be able to document their successes and evaluate their ministries. More...
The Role, Impact, and Future Direction of Faith in Correctional..
 
The Role, Impact, and Future Direction of Faith in Correctional Systems
Offender Programs Report
Social and Behavioral Rehabilitation in Prisons, Jails and the Community
March/April 2008
 
A complex set of factors has propelled the growth of the religion-criminology conversation that is currently taking place around the country on many different levels. These factors include:... More... 

The Role of Religious Services in The Oregon Accountability Model
 
The Role of Religious Services in The Oregon Accountability Model
Corrections Today - April 2009
American Correctinal Association
 
There is a growing realization in the medical, psychological and criminal justice fields that we are more likely to achieve lasting results by providing a combination of programs or treatments rather than by depending on one cutting-edge theory or treatment alone. This is known as giving the patient or client a cocktail. In medicine, for example, cancer patients are given a large number of cancer-fighting medication rather than one or two semi-proven treatments.
 
The Oregon Department of Corrections is trying to rehabilitate offenders. We hope to change the way criminals think, because we believe that behavior is simply an outward expression of inward thought. In our current approach, we offer a large variety of cognitive restructuring and hands-on vocational training programs in our effort to provide a cocktail of treatment opportunities. More... 

What Works, Religion as a Correctional Intervention (Part I)
 
What Works, Religion as a Correctional Intervention (Part I)
Journal of Community Corrections Fall 2004
 
Historically, religion has played a key, but often unrecognized, role in shaping the character, mission, and routine practices of the American penal system. The various religious traditions that have interacted with the developing U.S. culture since the time of
the early colonies have all sought, in different ways, to bring about change in the behavior of people who injure other people, or society, through acts that society deems to be criminal. In this broad sense, religion has always operated as a correctional intervention.
This review paper is about the ongoing relationship between religion and culture in the United States as both forces seek to address the problem of crime and offender rehabilitation. In particular, the paper examines the history of the relationship between religion, crime, and rehabilitation, and reviews the empirical research about the role and the effectiveness of religion as a correctional intervention. More... 

What Works, Religion as a Correctional Intervention (Part II)
 
What Works, Religion as a Correctional Intervention (Part II)
Journal of Community Corrections Fall 2004
 
Historically, religion has played a key, but often unrecognized, role in shaping the character, mission, and routine practices of the American penal system. The various religious traditions that have interacted with the developing U.S. culture since the time of
the early colonies have all sought, in different ways, to bring about change in the behavior of people who injure other people, or society, through acts that society deems to be criminal. In this broad sense, religion has always operated as a correctional intervention.
This review paper is about the ongoing relationship between religion and culture in the United States as both forces seek to address the problem of crime and offender rehabilitation. In particular, the paper examines the history of the relationship between religion, crime, and rehabilitation, and reviews the empirical research about the role and the effectiveness of religion as a correctional intervention. More... 

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