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Legal Mandates
Sunlight shining through the Elliott State Forest
Two types of state forests are owned by different entities – the Board of Forestry and the State Land Board – and each has its own set of legal mandates. Go to history for an explanation of how the state acquired these lands.
Board of Forestry lands are managed achieve the greatest permanent value to the state (OAR 629-035-000 through 629-035-0110 ). This means to provide healthy, productive and sustainable forest ecosystems that over time and across the landscape provide a full range of social, economic and environmental benefits.
Oregon Revised Statutes 530.010 through 530.170  guide the acquisition, management and development of Board of Forestry lands.
The legal mandates for managing Board of Forestry lands include the dual obligations of sharing income with the counties and conserving, protecting and using a variety of natural resources.
The counties have a protected and recognizable interest in receiving revenue from these forestlands; however, the Board and the State Forester are not required to maximize revenues, exclude non-revenue uses, or produce revenue from every acre.
Common School Lands are managed to “obtain the greatest benefit for the people of this state, consistent with the conservation of this resource under sound techniques of land management” (Oregon Constitution, Article VIII, Section 5 ).
This responsibility was clarified in a 1992 opinion of state Attorney General Charles S. Crookham: The “greatest benefit for the people” standard requires the State Land Board to maximize long-term revenue to the Common School Fund, within the context of environmentally sound management.
Statutes concerning Common School Lands are found in ORS 530.450 though 530.520.

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