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Criterion 6 Indicator 31
Supply and consumption of wood and wood products.
If data can be obtained showing both the supply AND the consumption of wood and wood products, then it can be determined whether or not Oregon’s forests supply enough wood for local consumption, and if there is excess for export.

Can This Indicator Be Quantified
Data is available to evaluate this indicator. Timber harvest may be used to indicate supply of wood while lumber and panel production may be used to indicate supply of wood products. Production of lumber, panels, and other wood products also relates to consumption of wood as a raw material for Oregon’s forest industry. Per capita production and use of lumber and panels and volumes of wood products used in new housing starts are presented as indicators of trends in manufactured wood products consumption. Indicator #29 provides additional information about the value and volume of wood products produced in Oregon, including trends in timber harvest and lumber and plywood production.
Recent timber harvest volumes and percent of wood consumption by industry are listed below in Table 31-1.
Table 31-1. Timber harvest volumes and percent of wood consumption by industry in Oregon, 1982-98
 Timber Harvest
 (million board feet, Scribner log rule)
 Wood Consumption, by Industry
Veneer and Plywood343029252324
Log Export788261
Notes: Other includes shake and shingle; chipping; post, pole and piling; and pulp and board. Chipping was included as a separate industry only in 1998.
Per capita volume of wood products used can serve as an indicator of final product wood consumption and can be compared with per capita wood products production. Table 31-2 shows estimates of per capita production and use of lumber and panels in Oregon in 1998.
Table 31-2. Estimated per capita production and use of lumber and panels in Oregon, 1998
Lumber and Panel Production and Use
 (board feet per capita)(square feet per capita)
Note: U.S. per capita consumption used because data for Oregon is unavailable.

Rapid economic and population growth since the recession of the early 1980s coupled with increasing housing size has likely resulted in a steady increase in consumption of wood products in Oregon. Conversely, timber harvests and forest products production have declined over the last decade. Even so, Oregon still produces approximately nine times as much lumber and eight times as many panels as it consumes.
New housing starts are available from the Oregon Office of Economic Analysis Oregon Economic Forecasts and can be converted into wood products usage. Figure 31-1 shows estimated lumber, plywood and oriented strand board usage in new housing from 1974 through 1996.
Figure 31-1. Estimated lumber plywood and Oriented Strand Board (OSB) usage in new housing starts in Oregon, 1974-96
Demand for wood products in Oregon is expected to remain strong as the State’s economy and, consequently, housing starts in Oregon are projected to remain robust, and because housing sizes are forecasted to increase into the foreseeable future. Timber harvest levels are expected to remain at current levels.

Data Source and Availability
The following sources of data were used for this indicator.
APA - The Engineered Wood Association. Regional production and market outlook for structural panels and engineered wood products.
Oregon Department of Forestry. Annual Reports
Oregon Office of Economic Analysis. Oregon Economic Forecast.
U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station.Oregon’s forest products industry. Portland, OR.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. Annual survey of manufacturers. Annual report.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. Mid-year population estimates
Western Wood Products Association. Statistical yearbook of the western lumber industry.
Time-series data is available from industry publications for lumber and panel production (but not for other industries in SIC 24 or industries in SIC 26 — see Indicator #29). Population estimates are available from numerous sources. Wood consumption by industry is available approximately every 4 years by mill type. Historical and projected Oregon housing starts is available quarterly from the Oregon Office of Economic Analysis. Timber harvests by county, ownership and year are available from the Oregon Department of Forestry.

Reliability of Data
Production data is collected by industry groups in a consistent manner from year to year. The per capita estimates are based on population data, available from the Census Bureau and numerous other sources.

Production data is available at the state level. However, mill consumption data at the state level is limited to data grouped for three-year to four-year periods. The number of housing starts and population estimates are available at the state level by year.

Recommended Action for Data Collection
Data should be collected about domestic and foreign imports into Oregon and exports from Oregon of lumber and other processed wood products. This information is needed to accurately determine supply and consumption of wood and wood products in the State.

SIC 24 — This standard industrial classification code covers all industries manufacturing lumber and wood products, except furniture. This group includes establishments engaged in cutting timber and pulpwood; merchant sawmills, lath mills, shingle mills, cooperage stock mills, planing mills, and plywood and veneer mills that produce lumber and wood basic materials; and establishments engaged in manufacturing finished articles made entirely or mainly of wood or related materials.
SIC 26 — This standard industrial classification code covers all industries manufacturing paper and allied products. This group includes establishments primarily engaged in the manufacture of pulps from wood, other cellulose fibers, and rags; the manufacture of paper and paperboard; and the manufacture of paper and paperboard into converted products, such as coated paper, paper bags, paper boxes, and envelopes. Also included are establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bags of plastic films and sheets.

Selected References