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Criterion 6 Indicator 47
Area and percent of forest land used for subsistence purposes.   Subsistence plays important spiritual and cultural roles for many people in Oregon, including native peoples. The area and percent of forest land used for subsistence is a good indicator of the extent to which those values are provided, as compared to economic and ecological values.
Can This Indicator Be Quantified
This indicator cannot be quantified at this time. Although many people hunt, fish, cut firewood, pick berries, and in other ways use forests to meet some of their basic needs, in general Oregon’s forests do not provide subsistence in the strict sense of the word, except in the case of Native Americans. The Native American tribes have rights to use many forest lands in Oregon for subsistence purposes such as hunting, fishing, and berry picking. It would be difficult to quantify how much Native American use occurs.
Many Oregonians, including Native Americans, use forests in various ways to supplement their diet or income, or to partially meet other basic needs. Hunting and fishing provide supplemental food for many households, but not at the subsistence level. Lots of people obtain firewood for personal and commercial use, cut young conifers for Christmas trees, and get permits to harvest a small number of trees for use as posts and poles. Also, some people pick wild edible mushrooms and wild berries, and gather decorative items such as cones and conks. The harvest of special forest products is discussed under Indicator #30; this indicator looks at the use of forests for subsistence purposes only.

Although there is little firm data on the amounts of special forest products harvested, the literature does suggest that there is a growing demand for these products. See Indicator #30 for more discussion of trends for special forest products.

Data Source and Availability
Currently, there is no data available on the amount of forest land used for tribal subsistence rights, or on the actual amount of game, fish, and special forest products collected for subsistence use.

Reliability of Data


Recommended Action for Data Collection
In order to quantify the area and percent of forest land used for subsistence, more information is needed on tribal hunting, fishing, and other subsistence-related rights.


Selected References