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Criterion 7 Indicator 52
Rationale
The Extent to Which the Legal Framework Provides for the Management of Forests to Conserve Special Environmental, Cultural, Cultural, Social and/or Scientific Values
 
Laws and administrative regulations provide for some areas to be protected based on their social, cultural, ecological, and environmental values. The federal legal framework enables federal, state, tribal, and local government agencies, as well as private landowners, to designate and conserve special areas. State law provides for forest land to managed for its greatest permanent value, meaning healthy, productive, and sustainable forest ecosystems that over time and across the landscape provide a full range of social, economic, and environmental benefits to the people of Oregon. These benefits include, but are not limited to, sustainable and predictable production of forest products, properly functioning aquatic habitats, habitats for native wildlife, and recreation. Also, non-governmental organizations, including the Nature Conservancy, can and do purchase land for the purpose of conserving it.

Evaluation
Legal framework for non-federal forest lands — conserve special values
 
Under Oregon’s land use planning system (Goal 5), local governments are required to inventory and plan for the conservation of important cultural and natural resources. Some of the resources protected include open spaces, groundwater, historic areas, cultural areas, ecologically and scientifically significant natural areas, and fish and wildlife habitats. Oregon’s Forest Practices Act supersedes the land use laws in the regulation of forest operations. Outside urban growth boundaries, local governments cannot regulate how timber harvest operations are conducted, but they can prohibit timber harvest on sites identified as needing protection under Goal 5.
 
The FPA protects air, water, soil, and fish and wildlife resources on forest lands. For most non-federal forest lands in Oregon, the FPA is the exclusive authority for regulating forest practices. However, in some cases, other state agency regulatory programs apply to certain aspects of forest operations, in order to address special environmental and cultural values. Examples of other regulatory programs include the Oregon State Scenic Waterways Act, the Willamette River Greenway, State Historic and Archaeological Site Preservation, Wetlands Coordination, and the Fill and Removal Act. To ensure that these other programs achieve their goals, the Board of Forestry and Department of Forestry are required to coordinate the FPA program with other agency programs, as may be required by the Oregon Legislature or established by intergovernmental agreement.
 
Legal framework for federally managed forests — conserve special values
 
On federally managed forests, the land and resource management plans identify sites with special environmental, cultural, and scientific values. Areas may be designated with a special land allocation, such as "wilderness," "research natural area," "areas of environmental concern," "wild and scenic river," or "historic district." Some of these designations require Congressional approval; other designations may be made by the management plans. The management plans may also classify some areas as riparian reserves, cultural resource sites, special wildlife sites, and other classifications that protect specific values. For all the specially designated areas, management plans provide guidance to protect and enhance these areas, and significantly constrain management activities and resource extraction in these areas.
B. Extent to which the institutional framework supports the conservation and sustainable management of forests, including the capacity to accomplish various objectives.