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Criterion 7 Indicator 56
The Extent to Which the Institutional Framework Has the Capacity to Develop and Maintain an Efficient Physical Infrastructure, in Order to Facilitate the Supply of Forest Products and Services and Support Forest Management  
Forests are more likely to be managed on a sustainable basis if an adequate physical infrastructure exists.

Institutional framework for non-federal forest lands — infrastructure
On private forest lands, the market system determines the amount of physical infrastructure developed to sustain forest management and the supply of forest products. Large markets have existed for Oregon’s wood products for many decades, and the industry is very mature. Timber companies have invested heavily in roads for access to forest land, and in the harvesting and milling capacity needed to meet the market demands for wood products. Over the last decade, the state’s total milling capacity has decreased in response to the reduced amount of timber supplied from Oregon’s forests. Competition for raw materials has left Oregon with very efficient wood products operations.
Public, non-federal forest lands, such as state forests and state parks, are managed for multiple objectives. Physical infrastructure has been developed to provide for multiple values including timber production, wildlife management, and recreation. On Oregon’s state lands, infrastructure includes a well-developed state park system with visitor centers and many campgrounds, and additional campgrounds and hiking trails on state forests.
Institutional framework for federally managed forests — infrastructure
The federally managed forests have a well-developed infrastructure for the delivery of forest goods and experiences, and for the management of the forests. Roads, radio communications, work stations, and recreational facilities are well developed through much of the federal forests in Oregon. These forests also have an extensive system of hiking trails, thousands of acres of wilderness, and a system of wild and scenic rivers.
However, as resource extraction becomes less important on these forests, some of the infrastructure, particularly roads, culverts, and bridges, may be decommissioned.