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GI Bill History
Honoring Our Veterans
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"Veterans were first cared for with pensions in 1636. Led by the Plymouth colony, which provided money to the disabled. Then in 1789, the first U.S. Congress would assume paying veteran benefits. In the early 1800's, the Bureau of Pensions under the Secretary of War extended benefits to dependents and survivors of the war of 1812.
Over 100 years later, the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1918 established a new law for any honorably discharged disabled veteran of World War I to receive vocational rehabilitation training. In 1944, the GI Bill of Rights was created to provide education, homes, and unemployment to World War II veterans. It would take only 8 years for the U.S. to restrict the benefits, cutting tuition payments to the colleges and reducing education from 48 to 36 months. Even with the so-called “New GI Bill” this time restriction has yet to be lifted for the American veteran.
 
Fourteen years would pass when the Vietnam GI Bill entitled veterans with one month of educational assistance for each month of service. It would take that same amount of time to train 5.5 million veterans, almost doubling the number of veterans served as compared to the Korean conflict.
 
Educational assistance would once again be changed in 1977. This placed the burden on service members to invest into an educational fund matched by the federal government, two to one. The soldiers, sailors, airman and marines continued to shoulder the burden with the Montgomery GI Bill of 1984 with service members agreeing to pay $100 a month for the first 12 months of enlistment. Four years later, the VA would elevate to Cabinet status under President Ronald Reagan.
 
There would be no significant increase to the GI Bill for the Gulf War. The Gulf Act of 1991 authorized increases in the monthly educational benefits provided by the Montgomery GI Bill. The Gulf War veteran, decorated through 1995, continued the march of liberty and voluntarily paid into the system.
 
Seventeen years later a new GI Bill is made retroactive to that fateful day known forever as 9/11 and is worth on average, $80,000. The new GI Bill also includes full reimbursement to all veterans that paid into the program since 9/11. Full costs of tuition and books are paid directly to the school and includes a variable stipend for living expenses, and most importantly it's transferable to family members of career service members beginning in the fall of 2009." --Christopher M. Dauterman, Oregon Department of Veterans' Affairs

Oregon Military Veterans Education

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GI Bill History

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