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Environmental Justice

Community Design and Demographic Indicators

Environmental Justice refers to the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, national origin, color or income when developing, implementing and enforcing environmental laws, regulations and policies. Fair treatment means that no group of people, including a racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic group, should bear more than its share of negative environmental impacts. 

Housing

Stable, affordable housing, free from hazards such as mold and lead-based paint, can provide an environment in which people can thrive. Poor housing can cause or contribute to many preventable diseases and injuries. Oregon Tracking currently collects data about housing affordability, age and subsidized units. Data is available at sub-county levels. 


Alcohol, Food, and Tobacco Retailers

The built environment affects daily life in many ways and can encourage or discourage a variety of healthy behaviors. Behaviors that may be affected by the built environment include physical activity, diet and substance use. Oregon tracking currently collects data about stores and restaurants that retail Alcohol, Food, and Tobacco. Measures include, the average walk distance to a source of alcohol, food, or tobacco, the number per square mile, the number per 1,000 population, and the percent of households within 1/2 mile. Data is available at sub-county levels. 


Transportation

Transportation is an important part of the built environment. Community design can promote healthy behaviors like engaging in active transportation (travel mode choice that results in physical activity). These modes of transportation reduce vehicle emissions that contribute to air and noise pollution, reduce traffic related injuries and deaths, and improve rates of physical activity in the general population. Oregon Tracking collects data of transportation modes (active transportation, bicycle, car, walking, working at home, other), access to transportation, and intersection density. Data is available at sub-county levels. 


Age, Sex, Race, and Ethnicity

Population demographic data provide important context for understanding the burden of disease and threats to health. Age, sex, race and ethnicity measures can be used to compare populations throughout the state, calculate age-specific disease rates and identify groups at risk for disease. Age, race and ethnicity measures are available for the whole population and for men and women separately. Data is available for 1 year or 5 year.

 

Economic Status

Economic status provides important context for understanding the burden of disease and threats to health. Oregon Tracking measures two types of economic status indicators – housing and income. Data is available at sub-county levels. 


Education

Educational attainment can influence health. Low education levels are linked with poorer health. Oregon Tracking measures the percent of the population that attained different levels of education. Oregon Tracking collects data on the percent of the population that attained different levels of education. Data is available by sex and sub-county levels. 


Family Composition

The social support people receive from their families promotes good health. Accordingly, the composition of families is associated with health outcomes. Oregon Tracking collects family composition data o including the percent of children under the age of 18 living in single parent households and the percent living in married/partner households. Adult measures include the percent of adults age 65 or older who are living alone, living with others and living in group quarters.


Language 

Although English is the primary language spoken in the United States, other languages are also widely spoken. Language can be a barrier to accessing health services. Oregon Tracking's language measures include the percent of people who speak English and the percent who do not speak English well, which includes those who do not speak English at all. Data is available at a sub-county level.


Population 

Population Data provides understanding about where people live and in turn who may be affected by environmental hazards. Oregon Tracking collects data on number of households, residents, or employees in an area. Population density and ratio of residents to employees is also measured. Data is available at a sub-county level.  

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