What is Oregon's SPF-SIG?
In July of 2009, a Strategic Prevention Framework Incentive Grant (SPF-SIG), which is a cooperative agreement with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), was awarded to the Oregon Department of Human Services, Addictions and Mental Health Division (AMH), in the amount of $2.135 million per year for five years. SAMHSA CSAP unveiled the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) in 2004.
It combines a community-based approach with a public health approach to prevention, and offers a series of guiding principles that can be utilized at the federal, state/tribal and community levels.
To date, CSAP has funded SPF SIGs to more than 51 states, territories, and tribal nations. States receive approximately $2.1-2.3 million per year for five years with smaller grants for territories and tribal nations. In addition, each state must disseminate 85% of those dollars to sub-state communities.
Three CSAP SPF SIG Goals:
- Prevent the onset and reduce the progression of substance abuse, including childhood and underage drinking.
- Reduce substance abuse-related problems in communities.
- Build prevention capacity and infrastructure at the state and community levels.
The SPF provides an effective, comprehensive prevention process and a common set of goals to be adopted and integrated at all levels. This process is built upon state and local data assessment, building capacity, development of a comprehensive strategic plan, implementation of evidence-based strategies, and evaluation of work.
Public health approach
The SPF SIG takes a public health approach to prevent substance-related problems. The focus is on change for entire populations--collections of individuals who have one or more personal or environmental characteristics in common. Population-based public health considers an entire range of factors that determine health.
Effective prevention is grounded in a solid understanding of alcohol, tobacco and other drug consumption and consequence patterns that need to be addressed. Understanding the nature and extent of consumption and consequences from the beginning is critical for determining prevention priorities and aligning strategies to address them.
The Strategic Prevention Framework strives to infuse data in decisions made across all steps. Deliberate processes to collect, analyze, interpret and apply lessons from substance use and consequence data will drive State prevention efforts.