Are you prepared if a home fire happens? Knowing what to do in the
event of a fire can save you and your family.
Fire can spread quickly, leaving you as little as three minutes to get out
safely once the smoke alarm sounds. People often get confused about what to do during a fire and infants, young children, older adults, and people with disabilities may be at risk because of their inability to escape quickly or on their own.
Many fire injuries and deaths occur when residents attempt to fight a home fire, when exits are not defined, or when they are blocked.
While the instinct to save your home and belongings is
understandable, attempting to fight a home fire is extremely dangerous and can
cost you your life. When a fire breaks out and the smoke alarm sounds, the best plan is to get out quickly and call 911.
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Fire Safety Tips
Prepare, Act, Survive
Installing smoke alarms, having a home fire escape plan, and
practicing the plan can help reduce the risk for the whole family. Below are
tips on how to prepare to get you and your family out safely in case of a
Step 1: Make sure you have working
· Install a smoke alarm on every level of
your home, outside sleeping areas (hallway), and in each bedroom. Sleep with
your bedroom doors closed. A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat,
· Make sure everyone in the home knows the sound of a working smoke
Step 2: Create a home fire escape plan
· Make a home fire escape plan and involve all of
your family in developing it. Walk through your home and inspect all
possible exits and escape routes. Draw a map of each level of
your home that shows all doors and windows. Identify two ways out of every
room, and two ways out of your home. Make sure everyone in the home (including
visitors) knows the plan.
· Keep exit routes, including windows, clear of furniture, toys,
etc. to allow access to escape. Make sure all doors and windows that lead to
the outside open easily.
· Identify an outside meeting place a safe distance in front of the
home; such as a tree, light pole, or mailbox. Make sure everyone knows where
the meeting place is and to go there if the smoke alarm sounds.
· Make sure your house number can easily be seen from the street
during the day and night so that firefighters can find your home quickly.
Step 3: Practice your home fire escape
· Practice your home fire escape plan at least two times a year
at different times of the day/night.
· Smoke is dangerous, teach children to crawl low on their hands and
knees under the smoke until they get out.
· Children, older adults, and people with disabilities may need
assistance to wake up and get out. Ensure that someone will help them.
When the smoke alarm sounds, get out.
Close the doors behind you as you exit. Call 911 from outside your home. Once
out, stay out.
A Guide for Home Escape Planning
Home Fire Escape Map
Home Fire Prevention and Safety
Home Fire Sprinkler Information
NFPA Home Fire Escape Planning
Smoke Alarm Information Center