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Oregon's Juvenile Delinquency Process

Minority over-representation has been documented at every stage of Oregon's juvenile justice system. The following nine stages provide an overview of Oregon's juvenile delinquency process and may help to provide context for these findings.

Stage One

Police decide to arrest or release youth

Stage Two

Juvenile department decides to place and keep youth in detention or release youth

Stage Three

Juvenile department or district attorney decides to file or not file a petition

No action
Warning
Prevention services
Formal Accountability Agreement
Diversion (such as a victim and offender conference)
Peer counseling
File a delinquency petition

Stage Four

Judicial officer decides at the preliminary hearing to keep the youth in detention or release the youth

Stage Five

Juvenile department or district attorney decides to continue prosecution or agrees to dismiss the petition

Stage Six

The youth requests an alternative to formal adjudication:

Civil compromise
Convert to a dependency petition
Other alternatives

Stage Seven

Judicial officer at the contested adjudicatory hearing decides whether or not the youth committed the alleged act

Stage Eight

Judicial Officer imposes disposition if the youth is found within the jurisdiction of the court

Alternatives to probation such as dismissal of the petition
Probation
Remove the youth from home and place in substitute care
Order the youth to complete treatment
Place the youth in a youth correctional facility (including boot camps)

Stage Nine

Juvenile department supervises the youth if the youth is placed on formal probation

Visit the OJJDP website for a caseflow diagram of the juvenile justice system and the National Center for State Court website for answers to frequently asked questions about the juvenile justice system.