Disproportionate Minority Contact
in Juvenile Justice
Action for Justice and Fairness through
Commitment, Collaboration, Data and Accountability"
November 1 & 2,
Spirit Mountain Conference Center,
attendees select and participate in the same work
group both days of the Summit.
School Discipline Impact on DMC
The education strand will include collaboration and
action planning to address the expulsion and suspension
(exclusionary discipline) of youth of color from the
K-12 school system. The goal of this work session is to
respond to relevant questions regarding the
disproportionate use of exclusionary discipline, as well
as identifying resources to assist with developing a
viable action plan to communicate interagency
commitments to implement alternatives to out of school
suspensions (OSS) and expulsions.
The session will explore constructive and instructional
ways to handle issues at school vs. excluding students.
Educationally, allowing a student to continue in a
regular school setting is preferable to suspension or
expulsion. Participants will explore various programs
and strategies that assist with reducing behavioral
issues that lead to exclusion from school, as well as
dialogue about other methods to assist with reducing
and/or eliminating exclusionary discipline and its
disproportionate occurrence with youth of color.
Safe & Healthy Schools, Oregon Department of Education
National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center
for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected,
Delinquent, or At-Risk
Coordinator, Department of School Security, Memphis City
Enforcement Arrests and Referrals
The law enforcement office not only serves as the
gatekeeper, but, to most representatives of the
community, is the face of the justice system. The
workshop will examine the impact of law enforcement
decisions at the point of arrest and diversion on the
overall strategy of reducing Disproportionate Minority
contact (DMC) and will include identification of factors
that contribute to and development of strategies to
Chief Ronald J. Louie (Ret.) MA, MPA
Commander John Schmerber
Admissions as an Indicator of Potential Disparities in a
Local Juvenile Justice System and Practices of Partner
This work session will look at why it is important to
monitor data related to juvenile detention for potential
disparities that may be occurring in various parts of
the juvenile justice system. The session will
focus on knowing where the data is, the importance of
analyzing this data locally on an ongoing basis, making
sure the data is correct, and how to report results in a
meaningful way to policy makers and community partners.
work in groups with examples of "real life data".
Participants will learn why it's important to develop
strategies based on an analysis of local data and local
circumstances. Work session participants will
develop recommendations for how jurisdictions can
develop meaningful action plans with strategies for
changing policies, procedures and/or practices that may
be generating or contributing to disparities or
overrepresentation in certain areas of the system.
Relative Rate Index and the DMC Assessment report as a
starting point, this work group will assess possible DMC
issues in the overall adjudication process. This
will include the processes of filing petitions, engaging
in the court process and eventual adjudication and
selection of sentencing options. Facilitators will
lead discussions to explore available options at each
stage, model community services which may address DMC,
and elements of the process of choosing between options.
The concepts of explicit and implicit bias will be used
to examine the development of options and the choices
between those options.
Participants will develop a range of options based on
successful strategies across Oregon and the rest of the
country. The objective will be to select a set of
potential options and implementation strategies to
accomplish DMC reduction.
Dr. William Feyerherm
Multi-system Approaches to Reduce Disparities and
Improve Outcomes for "Crossover" Youth
been engaged in a concerted effort to reduce
disproportionate representation of children and youth of
color in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems
for a number of years. Statewide and local decision
point analysis of both systems revealed key areas of
concern and suggested factors contributing to
disparities. The multiple pathways that youth, and youth
of color in particular, follow into the juvenile justice
system require a multi-system response, particularly
when one of those pathways begins with child abuse and
neglect and involvement with the child welfare system,
i.e. crossover youth.
This work session will highlight
various research findings and explore the environmental
factors, such as the role of education, families and
communities, health and behavioral health services, law
enforcement, and others.
The work session
participants will develop a strategic plan that will
focus on practice and system responses that serve to
reduce disparities and improve outcomes for crossover
population of young people.
Brad Richardson, Ph.D.
Director, Office of Justice Assistance, University of Iowa
Judge Nan Waller
Multnomah County Circuit Court
Juvenile Court Improvement Coordinator, Multnomah County
Juvenile Services Division
Youth Re-Entry into the Community
provides a major opportunity to reduce recidivism, save
taxpayer dollars, and make our communities safer.”
Attorney General Eric Holder, January 2011
Each year hundreds of
youth under the age of 18 leave the secured juvenile
justice facilities in Oregon. The statewide recidivism rate is 28.1% (Juvenile
Justice Information System 2010 Recidivism Report); and
there are higher recidivism rates among minority youth.
Other data will be provided during the work session as
Many of these youth have
characteristics that are prevalent and present
challenges to the youth, their families, and the
professionals who work with them. Youth who are
released from institutional confinement are more likely
to succeed if they have a collaborative, individualized
support team that includes the active participation of
the youth and their family; community-based natural
supports; local educators to promote educational
success; community-based treatment service providers;
and skill builders to assist them with training for
employment, mentorships, etc.
Participants in this work group session will discuss the
unique challenges of juvenile reentry; discuss specific
barriers for minority youth reentering the community;
identify ways that professional and natural supports can
assist youth reentry; identify and develop strategies to
reduce recidivism among minority youth.
Faith V. Love
Each day, thousands of youth in our
nation - including Oregon - are in secured juvenile
institutions (ages 12-17). In
Oregon, the Oregon Youth
Authority can serve youth up to age 24 if their crimes
were committed prior to the age of age 18.
Data has shown that African
American/Black youth are referred to the juvenile court
at a much higher rate than their white counterparts who
commit similar crimes. Native American youth are
detained in secured detention almost twice the rate of
white youth; and African American and Hispanic youth are
transferred to adult court at a higher rate as well.
The Youth Summit will provide an
opportunity for youth to learn more about the
disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in
the juvenile justice system. Youth will work together to
discuss barriers, policies or procedures that impact
their daily lives and other youth in their communities.
Youth will discuss ideas and develop recommendations
to share with decision makers and others attending the
Governor’s Summit. Youth will also have a chance to work in
teams to examine potential prevention activities to help
youth avoid contact with the juvenile justice system;
and promote other services or supports that will help them
be successful in school, community and work.
Jordan Thierry, Director
Black Fatherhood Project