The summit has the long-term goal to reduce
racial and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice
system through strategic partnerships that
develop a sustainable, ongoing effort to address
over-representation. It is also a celebration of
progress made by many committed state and community
based groups and organizations.
color are overrepresented at nearly every point of
contact with the juvenile justice system—and this
"disproportionate minority contact" is disturbingly
persistent over time. Youth of color are more likely to
be incarcerated and to serve more time than white youth,
even when they are charged with the same category of
JJDP (Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention) Act of
2002, Congress required that States participating in the
Formula Grants Program “address juvenile delinquency
prevention efforts and system improvement efforts
designed to reduce the disproportionate number of
juvenile members of minority groups, who come into
contact with the juvenile justice system”.
purposes of this requirement, OJJDP has defined minority
populations as American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian,
Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, and
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islanders.
participating in the Formula Grants Program address DMC
on an ongoing basis by moving through the following
Identification. To determine the extent to which DMC
Assessment. To assess the reasons for DMC, if it
Intervention. To develop and implement intervention
strategies to address these identified reasons.
Evaluation. To evaluate the effectiveness of the
chosen intervention strategies.
Monitoring. To note changes in DMC trends and
to adjust intervention strategies as needed.
State must report on its progress in its comprehensive
JJDP 3-year plan and subsequent plan updates (in
compliance with Section 223(a)(22)). OJJDP reviews the
plan updates annually. Any State that fails to address
the overrepresentation of minority youth in juvenile
justice system contact stands to lose a percent of its
Formula Grants allocation for the year.
Governor John Kitzhaber called the first Summit on
Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) in the Juvenile
Justice System. Oregon has since held eleven additional
summits to address the issue. Although progress has been
made and documented over the years, the problem of DMC
has persisted. To raise the stakes for solving the
issue, the 2012 Summit established a specific framework
–commitment, collaboration, data, and accountability.
Within that structure, the summit set out to renew
commitment to actions and solutions, ensure
collaboration by bringing all partners together, build
on the firm foundation now established on data, and hold
ourselves accountable for achieving the results
envisioned by the summit recommendations.
Summit will build upon the strategies that were
identified during the 2012 Governor Summit ; and provide
an introduction and strategic roadmap to engage
participants in a Collective Impact Model, a three-five
year journey to address systemic racial and ethnic
disparities to have a greater impact in reducing DMC in
our state. Collective Impact is an approach to
solving a community problem through commitment of key
leaders from different areas to achieve a common purpose
and measurable outcomes.
"The State of Oregon is committed to ensuring equal
and fair treatment for all children and youth in our
state. The fact that youth of color are
overrepresented in the juvenile justice system in
Oregon and nationwide remains troubling, and this
summit is designed to create a forum to understand
and eliminate those disparities.
Additionally, the downstream effect on youth that
enter the juvenile justice system is unacceptable:
dropping out of high school, being placed in the
child welfare system, inability to form healthy
families, lack of job skills or recidivating, which
creates more victims. The focus of this year’s
summit is on ways to reduce these negative outcomes.
Workshops on best practices nationwide will provide
you an opportunity to promote strategies to reduce
and eliminate overrepresentation of minority youth
in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems
while improving school attendance and academic
success for minority students."
Ted Kulongoski, 2008 Governor’s Summit