The 1999 Legislature established the forestland program as a special tax assessment. Landowners in this program have a reduced property tax assessment that’s intended to recognize the importance of forestland to Oregon's economy and respond to the growing pressures that urban growth was putting on natural resource lands.
How the program works
During the 1900s, counties identified lands in the state whose best, most economically-productive use was to grow timber and other forest products. The counties refer to these lands as "highest and best-use forestlands." Landowners who own forestland that the county doesn’t consider "highest and best use" can apply to the county assessor to have the land designated as forestland.
Forestland classified as "highest and best use" and "designated" qualifies for special assessment under the forestland program. The land is assessed at a special rate based on the typical price paid for land managed for the production of harvestable timber. This value is often less than the real market value used for taxing other properties.
Choosing a program
Several factors influence whether you should remain in the Forestland Program or choose the STF Program.
|Productivity class - Western Oregon only
|Property tax rate
||Higher tax rate
||Lower tax rate|
||Shorter rotation age
||Longer rotation age|
of delayed tax
|Investment at a high rate
Pros and cons of the STF Program:
|Times property tax payments with cash flows from harvest.
||If substantial amounts of timber (above sustained yield amounts) are harvested early on, may pay more severance tax at harvest than would be due on an annual basis under the forestland program.|
|Pay annual property taxes based on 20 percent of forestland values.
||Severance tax rate assumes average growth on an average stand in Western and Eastern Oregon. |
|Simplified method of computing severance tax at harvest based on volume sold.
||Election is irrevocable. Once made, it can only
be changed by selling or transferring the property or changing it to a
non-forestry use. |
|Severance tax paid only on sawmill grades and better.
||If property is sold or transferred and the new
owner does not elect to continue in the STF program, additional taxes of
up to 10 years of amounts deferred under the STF program may be due. |
|No severance tax on substandard grades (i.e., utility and special cull).
||Must place all contiguous tax lots in this program. |
|Growth in future severance tax rates tied to growth in underlying property tax values.
||Severance tax returns need to be filed for harvests from STF lands. |
|Severance tax rate assumes average growth on an average stand in Western and Eastern Oregon.
|Can elect to place noncontiguous tax lots in different tax programs.
|New owners and transferees (within 30 days of
notice from the county) can choose to remain in the STF program without
paying rollback of back taxes.
How to get into the forestland program
Apply to the assessor of the county in which the forestland is located. The application is needed to help the assessor determine if your land qualifies.
To qualify for the program, the area to be designated must be at least two contiguous acres with the same ownership.
The land must contain enough trees to meet the stocking standards of the Oregon Forest Practices Act. If your land doesn’t currently meet these standards, you can still qualify if at least 20 percent (minimum two acres) of the land meets the standards by the end of the first calendar year in the program and there’s a written management plan to plant enough trees to meet the standards within five years. Lands that aren’t adequately stocked within five years will be disqualified.
Disqualification or removal
The county assessor may disqualify lands that do not continue to meet the standards for this program. The owner of the disqualified lands will be required to pay an additional tax. This additional tax will be the difference between the tax paid for the previous five years and the tax that would have been paid for the same five-year period had the land been taxed at the real market value.
Changing from one special assessment to another
You may change to another special assessment without having to pay additional taxes. This means you can put your property into a farm special assessment, the Wildlife Habitat Conservation Program, the Conservation Easement Program, or the Small Tract Forestland Program if your land qualifies.