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Metropolitan GHG Reduction Targets
LCDC Adopts GHG Targets to Guide Metropolitan Planning
On May 19, 2011, the Land Conservation and Development Commission adopted new rules, codified as OAR 660 - 044,setting targets to guide long range planning by Oregon’s largest urban areas to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from auto travel.  The rule calls for local planners to explore ways to reduce emissions from auto and light truck travel by 17 percent to 21 percent per person by the year 2035.
 
The greenhouse gas reduction targets will help guide the state’s six metropolitan areas; Portland, Salem-Keizer, Corvallis, Eugene-Springfield, Rogue Valley and Bend as they update land use and transportation plans over the next several years. 
 
The Department’s Acting Director Jerry Lidz emphasized that the targets are a starting point for planning.  “Targets are just that – targets.  They simply identify the level of reductions we are trying to achieve and except for the Portland metropolitan area planning to meet the targets is voluntary.” 
 
Targets and scenario planning are one part of state, regional and local efforts to substantially shrink the state’s carbon footprint over the next 40 years.  The Legislature directed LCDC to set targets to identify the amount of greenhouse gas reduction metropolitan areas need to achieve in order for the state to meet its overall reduction goal.  The state’s long term goal, established by Oregon lawmakers in 2007, is to reduce the state’s greenhouse gas emission to 75% below 1990 levels. 
 

Background
 
Senate Bill 1059 (2010) and House Bill 2001 House Bill 2001 (2009) direct Oregon’s Land Conservation and Development Commission to adopt rules by June 1, 2011 that set targets for metropolitan areas to plan for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from cars and light trucks.  Both bills anticipate that local governments in metropolitan areas will engage in land use and transportation scenario planning to evaluate and select a preferred scenario for achieving the adopted targets. 
 
House Bill 2001, which applies primarily to the Portland metropolitan area, requires development and adoption of scenario plans.  Senate Bill 1059, which applies to the state’s other five metropolitan areas, (Salem-Keizer, Eugene-Springfield, Rogue Valley, Bend and Corvallis), anticipates but does not require preparation of scenario plans at this time.
 
In addition to target rulemaking by the Land Conservation and Development Commission, Senate Bill 1059 directs the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Department of Transportation to work together with local governments in metropolitan areas to produce several other products to support scenario planning and greenhouse gas reduction efforts.  These include:
  • Preparation by the Department of Transportation, the Department of Environmental Quality, and the Department of energy of estimates of future vehicle and fuel technology to inform the target rulemaking.  The report, Agencies' Technical Report was delivered on March 1, 2011 and was used by the Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee in its recommendation.
  • Development by the Department of Transportation and the Oregon Transportation Commission of a Statewide Transportation Strategy for greenhouse gas reduction.  The Oregon Transportation Commission has appointed a  Statewide Transportation Strategy Policy Committee to assist in the effort.  A draft strategy is expected late in 2011.
  • Preparation by the Department of Transportation and the Department of Land Conservation and Development of guidance for scenario planning, including scenario planning guidelines and a toolkit of recommended practices and evaluation techniques for greenhouse gas reduction. 
  • A scenario planning funding report, delivered to the Legislature in January 2011, provided estimates about the amount of funding that local governments in metropolitan areas will need to conduct scenario planning.
  • A public education effort to inform the public about the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the costs and benefits of reducing emissions.

Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee
 
In June 2010, the Land Conservation and Development Commission directed the Department of Land Conservation and Development to begin the rulemaking process to meet the legislative requirements outlined in House Bill 2001 and Senate Bill 1059. The Land Conservation and Development Commission appointed the Target Rulemaking Advisory Committee (TRAC), whose members represent local governments and other groups that will be affected by the proposed rule. The TRAC’s charge was to assist the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Land Conservation and Development Commission in drafting a proposed rule. The TRAC met seven times between September 2010 and March 2011. The TRAC members were:
John VanLandingham, Committee Chair, LCDC
Gail Achterman, Oregon Transportation Commission
Ken Williamson, Environmental Quality Commission
Angus Duncan, Oregon Global Warming Commission
Carlotta Collette, Metro Council
Mark Capell, Bend City Council
Linda Modrell, Benton County Board of Commissioners
Dan Clem, Salem City Council
Al Densmore, Medford City Council
Alan Zelenka, Eugene City Council
Andrea Riner, Lane Council of Governments
Tom Schwetz, Lane Transit District
John Oberst, Mayor, City of Monmouth
Sarah Miller, Business Oregon
Kelly Clifton, Portland State University
Craig Campbell, Victory Group (for AAA)
Mary Kyle McCurdy, 1000 Friends of Oregon
Don Greene, State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee (CIAC)
State Representative Terry Beyer, District 12, Springfield
 
During the TRAC meetings, the committee reviewed technical information and identified and discussed the issues to be addressed in the rule. In the course of its meeting the TRAC:
  • Reviewed the statutory requirements in House Bill 2001 and Senate Bill 1059;
  • Identified and discussed the issues pertaining to local scenario planning to meet the targets;
  • Reviewed modeling and analysis of greenhouse gas emissions;
  • Reviewed and discussed the Agencies' Technical Report;
  • Reviewed and commented on the Statement of Need & Fiscal Impact and the Housing Cost Impact Statement.
TRAC’s recommendations contained in their report Recommendations on Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets to Land Conservation and Development Commission represent a consensus of the TRAC members.
 
 
For more information about the Metropolitan Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets or related work contact Bob Cortright by email at bob.cortright@state.or.us or phone at (503) 373-0050 ext. 241.