Electric vehicles in Oregon
Oregon is working with a variety of companies and associations to develop networks that give drivers convenient access to charging when they travel in an electric vehicle (EV) in our state.
ODOT encourages sustainable travel and supports Oregon’s growing EV and transportation electrification industry. Our dependence on imported fossil fuels; the effects of global climate change; the introduction of new greenhouse gas emissions standards; and, state goals to reduce carbon emissions, together, create urgency to increase use of alternative fuels in the transportation sector.
How we support EV infrastructure
In Oregon and throughout the nation, drivers considering EVs say that one of the biggest challenges to choosing to drive electric is the availability of a reliable network of charging facilities.
Every major automobile manufacturer has announced plans to release multiple makes and models of plug-in electric vehicles – from SUVs to pick-up trucks to sedans. But their popularity will only increase if charging stations are available for vehicle owners to re-charge their cars. Charging stations need to be conveniently located to ensure EV owners don’t get stranded between charges.
ODOT’s Office of Innovation is participating in a number of collaborations to improve EV infrastructure in Oregon and accelerate adoption of electric vehicles in our state.
Oregon’s West Coast Electric Highway
ODOT helped to develop the first major long distance DC Fast Charger (DCFC) corridor in the United States. The West Coast Electric Highway (WCEH)
is an extensive network of electric vehicle DC fast charging and Level 2 charging stations along the West Coast, from British Columbia to the California-Mexico border. Charging stations are located every 25 – 50 miles along Interstate 5, Highway 99, and other major roadways in British Columbia, Washington, Oregon and California.
The initiative is a collection of projects, funding sources, and partners sharing the same vision – to provide confidence for electric vehicle drivers traveling up and down the West Coast, enabling EV drivers to enjoy longer trips and travel between cities.
Oregon’s portion of the WCEH operates as a public-private partnership, with 44 electric vehicle charging locations along I-5, parts of I-84, US Highway 101 and routes into Central Oregon. It continues to serve as a critical link for electric vehicle travel throughout the state. Oregon’s WCEH has dispensed more than 1.3 million KWh of charging and powered about four million miles of all-electric driving via more than 130,000 charging events since its inception.
Funding opportunity: help us upgrade Oregon’s EV charging network
To better serve Oregon drivers of EVs, the Oregon Legislature and the Oregon Transportation Commission are providing funding to upgrade and enhance Oregon’s network of 44 WCEH charging stations with new, dual-protocol DC fast charging capability. The upgrades will allow fast charging using CHAdeMO or CCS connectors at each of the 44 sites.
About $4 million is available to:
1. Replace and upgrade charging equipment;
2. Enhance each of Oregon’s 44 WCEH sites; and
3. Maintain and operate the network over time.
In November 2017, Governor Kate Brown signed Executive Order 17-21 outlining a strategy to foster rapid adoption of zero-emission vehicles in Oregon, setting a goal of 50,000 ZEVs by 2020. The strategy includes regulation, charging infrastructure, fleet conversion, outreach, incentives and partnerships with the private sector.
ODOT works with other state agencies as part of the Zero Emission Vehicle Interagency Work Group (ZEVIWG)
, including the Oregon Department of Energy, Department of Administrative Services, Public Utility Commission, Department of Environmental Quality, and Oregon Department of Transportation. The ZEVIWG
is implementing Governor Brown’s directives by addressing EV cost, infrastructure and information gaps.
Oregon Solutions EV Collaborative
In 2018, Governor Brown initiated an Oregon Solutions
process to further the goals outlined in Executive Order 17-21. The Oregon EV Collaborative
of non-governmental organizations, government agencies (including ODOT), private sector companies and individuals was convened to pursue voluntary commitments for ZEV adoption.
Multi-State ZEV Action Plan
Ten states spanning east to west collaborated on a Multi-State ZEV Action Plan
that guides efforts to put 3.3 million zero-emission vehicles on the roads by 2025. Oregon, California, Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont developed the plan to clear the way for the cleanest cars in the nation – ZEVs. The plan
focuses on infrastructure, policies, standards and other components critical to growing the electric vehicle market.
FHWA Alternative Fuel Vehicle Corridor Designations
ODOT works with the Federal Highway Administration to seek their designation of more corridors in Oregon as “EV signage ready” (identifying routes where public DC Fast Charging sites are located 50 miles apart and 5 miles from the highway); or, “EV signage pending” (targeted for further development of public DC Fast Charging).
is investing nearly $2 billion in electric vehicle charging infrastructure across the country. Funds will be distributed in four cycles over a 10-year period.
ODOT and the Washington Department of Transportation submitted a joint proposal for Cycle 1 investments in 2017, which brought four DC Fast Chargers to locations along I-84 and I-5 in Oregon, as well as additional Level 2 charging in the Portland metropolitan area.
In 2018, a second joint proposal from ODOT, the Washington Department of Transportation and several Oregon cities was submitted for Electrify America
’s Cycle 2 projects. Three additional EV charging locations were selected for investment along Highway 26 between Astoria and Bend.
Other ZEV collaborations
ODOT participates in other multi-state, public-private and international collaborations to foster ZEV adoption, including: