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Central Oregon Canal Historic District
Proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District, Bend Vicinity, Deschutes County

 

This page describes what a historic district is, the listing process, and the benefits and responsibilities of owning a listed property. 

The nomination for the proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District (Ward Road - Gosney Road) was heard by the State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation (SACHP) at their October 19, 2018 meeting, held in Portland, Multnomah County. The SACHP recommended the nomination be forwarded to the National Park Service for listing in the National Register, subject to specific revisions and clarifications identified at the meeting. On January 17, 2019, the revised nomination was prepared for submission to the NPS, however, in light of the partial Federal shutdown then in effect, the nomination was prepared, but not sent, under concern around delivery and handling of nominations while NPS was closed.

On January 28, 2019, upon being advised that NPS was reopened, the nomination package was sent to NPS. Upon receipt of the nomination and entry into the Federal Register, NPS reviewers will have 45 days to review the nomination determine whether to list the nominated property.

On March 18, 2019, the National Park Service listed the Central Oregon Canal Historic District
in the National Register of Historic Places. 
 

View the National Register nomination [pdf]

 

What Is The National Register of Historic Places and a Historic District?
The National Register of Historic Places is the nation’s official list of buildings, districts, structures, sites, and objects important to local, state, or national history. The program is run by the National Park Service in Washington DC, and administered locally by the Oregon State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), an office of the Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department.
 
A historic district is an area, neighborhood, or a concentrated collection of related structures that together convey their shared historical significance. To be eligible for listing in the Register, the district must be able to convey that significance by maintaining sufficient historic integrity.
What Is The Central Oregon Canal Historic District?
The proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District is an approximately 3.5-mile long stretch of the approximately 40-mile Central Oregon Canal, a historically significant structure built in the early years of the twentieth century. Together with the Pilot Butte Canal, the Central Oregon Canal provided water to the farms and ranches of central Oregon, turning the land from an arid desert landscape to the highly-productive, irrigated agricultural land it is today, dramatically influencing the historical development and fortunes of the central Oregon area, and playing significant roles in the foundation and growth of the cities there, including Bend and Redmond, among many others. For these reasons, the Central Oregon Canal Historic District is nominated for listing in the National register of Historic Places for its significance in the areas of Exploration and Settlement, Agriculture.
The nomination document describes the proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District as a historically significant segment of the Central Oregon Canal, just southeast of Bend, between Ward Road and Gosney Road, comprising an area 50-feet in either direction of the centerline of the canal. Boundary Map. Construction began in 1903 at the intake diversion on the Deschutes River. In 1905, the nominated segment was constructed, and the canal was completed to Powell Butte in 1908. By 1912, the main canals were completed, and lateral canals and ditches were being constructed. The nomination asserts that the segment under consideration for listing was a critical and difficult section of the canal to construct, due to the overall topography of the system’s planned delivery area, flow and volume needs, and, most importantly, the difficult, rocky terrain through which the canal had to pass in order to achieve the goals of the development.
 


A full copy of the draft nomination document can be downloaded by clicking on the following link:

     View the National Register nomination [pdf]

 

The nomination draft is being made through the cover document Carey and Reclamation Acts Irrigation Projects in Oregon, 1901-1978 Multiple Property Document (MPD). This document provides extensive contextual information relevant to the history of irrigation in Oregon, descriptions of the types and functions of irrigation-related resources, and registration requirements providing how to determine eligibility. For a copy of that document, please click on the following link:

 

View the Carey and Reclamation Acts Irrigation Projects in Oregon, 1901-1978 Multiple Property Document (MPD) [pdf]

 

How Does The National Register Nomination Process Work?
Any person or organization can nominate a property or district for listing in the National Register of Historic Places by submitting a nomination to the Oregon State Historic Preservation Office. A complete nomination for a historic district includes the nomination form, property list, maps, photos, and exhibits. Once received, SHPO staff reviews the document for completeness, and then provides the preparer with a memo, if needed, outlining required changes to meet the minimum standards set by the National Park Service and making suggestions to improve the document.
 
Nominations that meet the minimum standards are forwarded to the State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation (SACHP), a nine member, governor-appointed body of citizens with expertise in fields relating to historic preservation. The nomination document is also provided to Deschutes County for comment. The County will hold a separate public hearing on the nomination.
 
At its meeting, the SACHP considers comments by local officials, staff, and interested citizens and recommends to the SHPO and the National Park Service to accept or reject a property or district for listing in the National Register, or defer the nomination for future consideration. Only the National Park Service can list a property in the Register. A draft agenda is posted below.
 
A project timeline is below. As part of the process, local officials and the general public are invited to participate.
Project Timeline And Important Dates
March 18, 2019 - the National Park Service listed the Central Oregon Canal Historic District
in the National Register of Historic Places. 
 
January 28, 2019 – SHPO is notified by NPS staff that NPS has reopened. SHPO sends the prepared nomination package by 2-day air mail, per its customary practice.

January 17, 2019 – SHPO staff prepared the nomination for submission, as soon as National Park Service reopens and can receive submissions.

December 22, 2018 – the National Park Service closes, as part of the partial federal government shutdown.

October 2018 – January 2019 – The preparer and SHPO worked together to make the required revisions to the District nomination.

October 19, 2018 - State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation recommended forwarding the Central Oregon Canal Historic District (Ward Road – Gosney Road Segment) to the National Park Service for listing in the National Register, subject to requested revisions to be made prior to submission.
 
Meeting Minutes

Correspondence and Audio Recording of the June 2018 Meeting of the State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation

Due to the size of the correspondence files and audio file recording of the SACHP discussion for the proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District, these files can be downloaded through a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) site.

Instructions for accessing the FTP site
Copy and paste ftp://159.121.119.151 into your browser address bar (Note: If you are using Windows Explorer, view the FTP site as a Windows Explorer page. Do this by selecting “Page” from the menu bar in the browser, then selecting “Open FTP site in Windows Explorer”)
 
When a dialog box appears, use the following information to log in:
 
Login: shpoguest
Password: welcome
(login and password are case sensitive)
 
Double-click on “Outgoing” and download the entire folder named Central Oregon Canal Historic District. Once the folder opens, click on the file to download. Do this by “copying” the entire folder and then “pasting” it to your desktop.

October 15, 2018 – The Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners provided the SHPO with its review comments, indicating their support for listing, noting COID’s support.

October 11, 2018 – The Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission provided the SHPO with its review comments, indicating their support for listing, noting COID’s support.

October 9, 2018 – SHPO sent a press release to local print, radio, and TV news outlets announcing the upcoming SACHP meeting to consider the proposed District nomination.

October 1, 2018 – At the request of the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, SHPO staff called in to their meeting to answer questions regarding the nomination, and to summarize key changes since the previous draft, reviewed in April and May, 2018.

August 17, 2018 – The SHPO sent written notification to all property owners, the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, proponents and preparer that the District nomination had been added to the agenda of the October 2018 SACHP meeting, with the URL for the nomination. Courtesy review copies of the draft nomination were provided to the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission.

August 15, 2018 – After an agreement was reached between the proponents (property-owners) and COID (which to this point had opposed the nomination) to work together to complete the nomination, a revised draft was provided to SHPO for hearing at the October 2018 SACHP hearing.

June 22, 2018 – The State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation considered the revised nomination of the Central Oregon Canal Historic District (Ward Rd. to Gosney Rd.), and elected to table the nomination for additional revisions.

June 14, 2018 – The Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners provided the SHPO with its review comments, indicating concern around the implications of listing, relative to other, competing interests, such as water quality and irrigation delivery efficiency, but stopping short of recommending against listing.

June 11, 2018 – The SHPO sent a press release to local print, radio, and TV news outlets announcing the upcoming SACHP meeting to consider the proposed District nomination.

May 29, 2018 – The Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission provided the SHPO with its review comments, indicating support for the nomination.

April 16, 2018 – At the request of the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, SHPO staff called in to their meeting to answer questions regarding the nomination, and to summarize key changes since the previous draft, reviewed in December 2017.

April 9, 2018 – The SHPO sent written notification to all property owners, the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, proponents and preparer that the District nomination had been added to the agenda of the June 2018 SACHP meeting, with the URL for the nomination (posted to the SHPO website). Courtesy review copies of the draft nomination were provided to the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission.

March 1, 2018 - The nomination for the proposed Central Oregon Canal Historic District (Ward Road-to-Gosney Road is resubmitted and scheduled for the June 22nd meeting of the State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation in Redmond at the Deschutes County Fairgrounds.

February 5, 2018 – After consulting with the National Park Service and Oregon Department of Justice, and on the advice of both, the District nomination was removed from the February 2018 SACHP agenda.

January 2, 2018 – SHPO was alerted of the apparent consequences of the previously-mentioned dual objections from the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners and the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, and that the nomination should not have been taken up by the SACHP in October 2017.

December 15, 2017 – The SHPO sent written notification to all property owners, the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, proponents and preparer that the District nomination had been added to the agenda of the February 2018 SACHP meeting, with the URL for the nomination (posted to the SHPO website). Courtesy review copies of the draft nomination were provided to the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission.

December 14, 2017 – A further revised draft of the District nomination was received from the preparer by the SHPO, to be provided to the SACHP and reviewing bodies.

November 9, 2017 – A further revised draft of the District nomination was received from the preparer by the SHPO.

November 1, 2017 – A revised draft of the District nomination was received from the preparer by the SHPO.

October 20, 2017 – State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation votes to table the nomination for the Central Oregon Canal Historic District pending additional documentation.

October 12 and 17, 2017 – SHPO received comments from the Deschutes County Board of Commissioners and the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission (respectively), both recommending against listing. The import of this dual objection was not realized at the time, and the District nomination remained on the SACHP hearing agenda.

October 10, 2017 – SHPO sent a press release to local print, radio, and TV news outlets announcing the upcoming SACHP meeting to consider the proposed District nomination.

September 17, 2017 – The SHPO published a public notice in The Bend Bulletin, the local general circulation newspaper, announcing the availability of the official draft of the District. The SHPO posted the draft nomination to the agency website with information on the nomination process.

September 11, 2017 – Upon discovery of an error in the September 1 notice, SHPO reissued all notifications, as described above, identifying the error and providing corrections.

September 1, 2017 – The SHPO sent written notification to all property owners, the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission, proponents and preparer that the District nomination had been added to the agenda of the October 2017 SACHP meeting, with the URL for the nomination (posted to the SHPO website). Courtesy review copies of the draft nomination were provided to the Chair of the Deschutes County Board of County Commissioners, the Deschutes County Historic Landmarks Commission.

June 29, 2017 – SHPO received the initial draft nomination from the preparer.

What Does Listing In The National Register Of Historic Places Mean?
The SHPO and the federal government do not regulate private property unless the owner chooses to take advantage of federal and state tax incentives or grants. Local county and city governments, however, are required by state law to protect properties listed in the National Register. Because local laws vary from place to place, property owners or those looking to purchase properties through which the nominated canal passes should contact Zachariah Heck at the Deschutes County Community Development Department at (541) 385-1704, Zechariah.Heck@deschutes.org, for more information.

View the SHPO National Register webpage the outlines Benefits and Responsibilities for listed properties, the National Register process, and how to list a property here:
 
 
View information on Oregon grants that are available to owners of National Register properties and other cultural resources and institutions here: 
 
 
View information on SHPO tax incentives programs available to owners of National Register properties here:
 
How Do I Object Or Support Listing In The National Register of Historic Places?
Owners of private property may object to listing their property in the National Register by submitting a notarized statement to the SHPO certifying that the individual is the sole or partial owner of the property and that they object to the listing. The proposed district will not be listed if a majority of the property owners object. Supporters do not need to submit a notarized statement.
 
Each owner of private property in a district has one “vote” regardless of how many properties or what part of the one property that individual owns, and regardless of whether the property contributes to the significance of the proposed district. An owner is defined as an entity (individual, partnership, corporation) holding fee simple title to property. Divisions of government, including schools and fire districts, may not object to listing. Properties owned by a trust or trustee are only allowed a single vote, whether or not there are multiple owners/trustees for the property. More information on this topic can be found here:

How to count owners in historic districts [pdf]

Property owner list provided by Deschutes County [pdf]
 
The right to object is described more fully in the federal regulations governing the National

Register program, 36 CFR 60.6.  A link to these regulations may be found at:
 
Please use the objection and support forms provided below. Additional written comments are welcome.
 
 
 
Letters of support may be submitted by email or regular mail. Original signed and notarized objections must be mailed to:
 
State Historic Preservation Office
ATTN: Tracy Collis
725 Summer Street NE, Suite C
Salem, OR 97301
 
Letters of Support may be emailed to Tracy Collis at Tracy.Collis@oregon.gov
Objection comments received as of November 9, 2017 

Support comments received as of November 9, 2017
Objection forms received as of November 9, 2017
Support forms received as of November 9, 2017 
   
Questions About The Information On This Page?

Jason Allen, Preservation Specialist
Oregon State Historic Preservation Office
Phone: 503-986-0579
Email:
Jason.Allen@oregon.gov

 

Questions About Deschutes County's Land-Use Regulations And The Local Listing Process?
Zachariah Heck, Associate Planner
Deschutes County Community Development
Deschutes County
Phone: 541-385-1704
Email:
Zechariah.Heck@deschutes.or
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