Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) and it's predecessor, the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), provide federal funding for workforce programs across the country. This funding enhances the state’s efforts to help state residents reach their full education and career potential by helping job seekers access employment, education, training, and support services to succeed in the labor market. It also helps match employers with the skilled workers they need to compete in the global economy.
In Oregon, the HECC Offices of Workforce Investment and Community Colleges and Workforce Development administer the federal grants that fund WIOA programs.
Postsecondary Career and Technical Education (CTE)
The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-270) provides U.S. Department of Education funding to support programs that improve or augment career and technical education programs.
In Oregon, the State Board of Education is designated as the State Board of Career and Technical Education (CTE). Additionally, two state education agencies, the Oregon Department of Education (ODE) and the HECC Office of Community College and Workforce Development, work jointly to improve CTE programs by providing a seamless continuum of instruction from grades 7-12 to community colleges and workforce development.
To fulfill federal grant requirements, the state maintains statewide and local plans and submits annual performance reports to the U.S. Department of Education for accountability. Performance measures include technical skills attainment, academic attainment, program completion, student retention, student placement, nontraditional placement and completion.
Adult Basic Skills (Title II)
Administration of Title II (Adult Basic Skills) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), also known as the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, provides federal funds to local providers and supports leadership and training in order to:
- Assist adults to become literate and obtain the knowledge and skills necessary for employment and self-sufficiency.
- Assist adults who are parents to obtain the educational skills necessary to become full partners in the educational development of their children.
- Assist adults in the completion of secondary school education.
The adult education and literacy programs in Oregon are an essential component of Oregon's education and workforce system. The purpose of the Adult Basic Skills Program is to assist adults in obtaining the knowledge and skills necessary for work, further education, family self-sufficiency, and community involvement. Basic skills include reading, writing, math, speaking/listening in English, GED and Adult High School preparation, and basic computer literacy.
WIOA performance targets
WIOA includes six primary indicators of performance for core programs at the state and local levels:
Percentage of program participants employed during the second quarter after exit
Percentage of program participants employed during the fourth quarter after exit
Median earnings of program participants
Percentage of participants who meet one of the requirements for either Secondary credential or postsecondary credential. Students who meet both definitions will only be counted once:
- Secondary credential
- Numerator: The number of participants who exit the ABS program and who obtain a secondary school diploma or equivalent (e.g. GED) while enrolled or within one year of exit AND who are employed or enrolled in postsecondary education or training within one year of exit.
- Denominator: The number of participants who exited ABS and who did not previously possess a high school equivalency AND were enrolled at entry or progressed into a secondary education program at or above the 9th-grade level.
- Postsecondary credential
- Numerator: The number of participants who obtain a recognized postsecondary credential while enrolled or within one year of exit from the postsecondary institution.
- Denominator: Participants who were co-enrolled in a postsecondary education or training program that leads to a credential and exit the postsecondary education or training program.
5. Percentage of participants who during a program year achieve a measurable skill gain*
6. Effectiveness in serving employers U.S. Department of Education
*Measurable Skill Gain: The percentage of participants who, during program year, are in an education or training program that leads to a recognized postsecondary credential or employment and who are achieving measurable skill gains, defined as academic, technical, occupational, or other forms of progress, towards a such a credential or employment.