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Import requirements for birds/ poultry

Birds/ poultry entering Oregon

Recent outbreaks in the United States of Exotic Newcastle Disease and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, in addition to many other more common infectious diseases of birds and poultry, make biosecurity important to bird owners.  Adherernce of ODA import rules is one way of protecting birds and poultry within the state of Oregon.
 
Pet birds
(Parakeets, parrots, pigeons, doves, raptors. Pet poultry must meet poultry requirements.)
Family pets - traveling with the family or moving to a new home with the same family. No health certification requirements.
Commercial shipments or exhibitions All birds (except poultry) transported into Oregon for exhibition or to pet stores or other retail outlets must have a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection issued no more than 30 days prior to entry and an import permit number.
Pigeons- imported for
racing, show, and sale.
To bring pigeons into Oregon, you must have a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection and an import permit number. The veterinarian calls 503-986-4679 for the permit. OAR 603-011-0375(1).
 
Racing pigeon clubs from outside the quarantined areas
In some situations, multiple owners bring their pigeons to a central location where they are loaded into a vehicle and driven to the release site. Each pigeon is identified on an entry form. They are shipped immediately and released to fly home.
 
To simplify things for groups like this, a veterinarian can be on hand to inspect the pigeons while they are loaded and can write a single CVI for the load. The veterinarian must attach copies of the owner´s entry forms to the CVI so traceback is possible.
 
If the loading is to be done after regular office hours, the veterinarian can get the general information from the organizer and call for an import permit number before seeing the pigeons. We will need the location where the pigeons are to be released.  If individual owners traveling as a group prefer to use their own veterinarians for the CVI (no more than 24 hours prior to entering Oregon) that is certainly allowed. Each veterinarian must call 503-986-4679 for the permit for the pigeons on the CVI he or she issued.
 
If you have questions, please feel free to call 503-986-4690 or send e-mail .
Poultry - imported for any reason
Includes all birds eligible for the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP).
This does include the family´s pet chicken, duck, or other poultry.
 
 
Poultry - except ratites
A. shipped from a flock which is not an NPIP participant must have
  1. a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection issued no more than 30 days prior to entry,
  2. a negative test for Salmonella pullorum-typhoid, and
  3. an import permit number.
B. shipped direct from a flock which is an NPIP participant and must be shipped on USDA form VS 9-3, with no other requirements.
Ratites
Ratites are eligible for the NPIP program but must meet additional requirements.
Poultry - Ratites (Ostrich, emu, cassowary, & rhea)
A. shipped from flock a which is not an NPIP participant must have
  1. a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection issued no more than 30 days prior to entry,
  2. negative test for Salmonella pullorum-typhoid completed no more than 30 days prior to entry,
  3. an import permit number,
  4. each bird must have permanent identification (leg band or microchip), which must be listed on the CVI.  
  5. On arrival, the bird(s) must be isolated from other birds and observed for disease for 14 days
B. shipped direct from a flock which is a member of the NPIP are exempt from Salmonella pullorum-typhoid test but must meet all other requirements.

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Protect your birds

Since some species of birds can carry the disease without showing symptoms, the best way to protect your birds from this disease is biosecurity.
 
Biosecurity means prevention of direct or indirect contact by your birds with any other birds.
A few of the basic steps are as follows:
  • Avoid contact with birds. Infected birds may not look sick!
  • Do not share birds, equipment, or feed with other bird owners.
  • Keep your birds confined and separated from any other birds/poultry.
  • Use foot baths, shower, change clothes prior to entering aviary.
  • Minimize the number of visitors and have the necessary visitors follow the above precautions.
  • Control rodent populations which are possible vectors.
Recommended disinfectants, which can be used for footbaths, cleaning equipment, etc., include:
  • Virkon S® mixed at 1.3 ounces powder per gallon of water.
  • NolvasanR® (chlorhexidine diacetate 2%) 3 fluid oz. per gallon of water.
  • Household bleach mixed in a 1:4 ratio with water

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Salmonella bacteria and chicks

Many chicks carry Salmonella bacteria in their intestinal tract and shed these bacteria in their feces. Although Salmonella bacteria may not cause illness in chicks, it can cause serious illness in people.
 
Contamination
 
Salmonella bacteria are easily spread from chicks to humans. Humans may become infected when they touch and consume food after handling objects that have been in contact with the stool of chicks. For example, a baby may be infected by drinking infant formula from a bottle prepared by someone who did not wash hands after touching a chick. The Salmonella bacteria must be ingested in order to spread from chicks to humans. Simply touching or holding a chick will not result in the spread of bacteria.
 
Symptoms
 
Most Salmonella infections in humans result in a mild, self-limiting illness characterized by diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. However, the infection can spread to the bloodstream, bone marrow, or nervous system, leading to severe and sometimes fatal illness. Such severe infections are more likely to occur in infants or individuals whose immune systems are compromised (for instance, bone marrow transplant recipients, persons with diabetes mellitus, persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, and chemotherapy patients).
 
Precautions
 
Fortunately, routine precautions can easily prevent the spread of Salmonella bacteria from chicks to humans:
  • Always wash your hands with hot, soapy water after handling chicks, chick cages and equipment, or chick feces.
  • Keep chicks penned in outbuildings or outside. Always wash your hands after visiting any area where chicks are kept.
  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke while handling chicks, chick cages, or chick equipment.
  • Do not kiss chicks or share food or drink with them.
  • Children less than five years of age should avoid contact with chicks. Older children should be supervised when handling chicks to ensure that they do not place their hands or other objects exposed to chicks into their mouths. Chicks should not be kept in childcare centers.
  • Immunocompromised persons should avoid contact with chicks.
  • Follow instructions from your veterinarian concerning proper diet and environment for your chicks. Healthy chicks living in proper environments are less likely to shed Salmonella bacteria.
 
Handle with care
 
Information in this handout is not meant to discourage chick or poultry ownership. With a few exceptions (for example, infants or immunocompromised individuals), most people have a low risk of acquiring samonellosis from chicks. Following simple precautions can reduce risk of infection even further.
 
Remember: DON'T LICK YOUR CHICK
 
Oregon Department of Agriculture Animal Health ♥503-986-4680♥ http://oregon.gov/ODA/AHID
Revised March 2008


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Newcastle Administrative Rule

Exotic Newcastle Disease Administrative Rule
If there is an outbreak, this rule will be in force immediately
 
Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR 603-011-0376)
 
Exotic Newcastle Disease, quarantine and movement restrictions-
This section applies to all avian species and commercial traffic involved with avian species originating from areas under state or federal quarantine for Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) and to bird exhibits, shows, auctions, public displays and competitions held in Oregon. It also applies to importation of all birds from states in which a state or federal quarantined area due to END exists.
 
(1) Areas under restriction. The quarantine includes all areas of any state in which a state or federal quarantine for Exotic Newcastle Disease exists.
 
(2) Items under restriction, except as specifically exempted in (3)(b) and (c) and (4)(b) and (c) below, include birds, poultry, poultry products, poultry waste, or vehicles, equipment or materials of any type that could transmit END. Included in the restriction are vehicles that make deliveries of live birds, feed, or equipment to poultry operations of any sort in quarantined areas and then travel into the state of Oregon.
 
(3) Prohibited materials
(a) Except as exempted in (b) below, no live or dead birds, poultry, poultry products, poultry waste, or vehicles, equipment or materials of any type that could transmit END may be moved into Oregon from areas under quarantine.
(b) From areas under state or federal quarantine for END, commercial pet birds, pet birds originating from USDA quarantine facilities and pet birds being individually imported, all of which have fulfilled all stipulations of USDA policies for movement out of the quarantined areas, may be imported into Oregon subject to protocols established by the state veterinarian.
(c) From areas under state or federal quarantine for END, table eggs which have fulfilled all stipulations of USDA policies on movement of table eggs out of quarantined areas may be considered for importation into Oregon. If so considered, they will be subject to protocols established by the state veterinarian.
 
(4)   Equipment
(a) Except as exempted in (b) below, no equipment used for the processing of eggs or for the housing, feeding, watering, handling, or otherwise caring for birds of any type may be moved into Oregon from areas under quarantine.
(b) Equipment used to house, water, feed, or care for commercial pet birds, pet birds originating from USDA quarantine facilities and pet birds being individually legally imported under authority of section (3)(b) above, all of which have fulfilled all stipulations of USDA policies for movement out of the quarantined areas, may be imported into Oregon subject to protocols established by the state veterinarian.
(c) Equipment used to transport, house, water, feed, handle, or otherwise care for commercial poultry which has fulfilled all stipulations of USDA policies for movement of conveyances from quarantined areas may be considered for importation into Oregon. If so considered, they will be subject to protocols established by the state veterinarian.
 
(5) Any commercial vehicle originating from an area under quarantine and which has transported feed, eggs, or equipment or other materials that could transmit END must carry proof of the cleaning and disinfection of the vehicle and trailer performed immediately prior to traveling to Oregon. This proof must be provided in writing and demonstrate that the cleaning and disinfection was performed according to protocol established by the USDA.
 
(6) Birds of any species which originate in states with quarantined areas due to END but which come from areas outside of the quarantined area must be accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection issued within twenty four (24) hours prior to departure for Oregon by an accredited veterinarian stating the birds are healthy and free of any signs of END and do not originate from a quarantined area except as exempted in (3)(b) above, and an Oregon import permit number obtained from the office of the Oregon state veterinarian.Photocopies of Certificates of Veterinary Inspection are not acceptable. National Poultry Improvement Plan forms for movement of poultry may be used by members of National Poultry Improvement Plan with written certification on the form that the shipment did not originate from inside a quarantined area.
 
(7) A promoter of any event in Oregon which involves birds, such as an exhibit, show, auction, competition, or other public display of birds of any type shall immediately inform the Oregon state veterinarian by mail, facsimile, or electronic mail of a scheduled event. The notification shall include the contact name, mailing address, physical address of the event, and daytime telephone number.
 
(8) A promoter of an event in Oregon which involves birds, such as an exhibit, show, auction, competition, or other public display of birds of any type, shall inform the event exhibitors and vendors in writing of this Oregon Administrative Rule, the current areas under quarantine for END, and the risk of introducing END into Oregon. The promoter also shall require each event exhibitor and vendor, prior to the event, to attest in writing that they are not in violation of this Oregon Administrative Rule. The signed document shall be forwarded to the Oregon state veterinarian within one week after conclusion of the event.

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