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Tetanus (vaccine-preventable)

Disease Information

Tetanus, commonly called lockjaw, is a bacterial disease that affects the nervous system. Due to widespread immunizations, tetanus is now a rare disease. Tetanus occurs more often in older people and in agricultural workers where contact with animal manure is more likely and immunization is inadequate. Tetanus is contracted through a wound which becomes contaminated with the organism. It is not transmitted from person to person. Childhood immunization is recommended.


Disease Reporting

What is required?

Health Care Providers and Clinical Laboratories

Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of tetanus to local health departments within one working day of identification. Call 971-673-1111 to reach the state health department doctor on call.

For Local Health Departments

For reportable diseases lacking Oregon-specific investigative guidelines or case report forms, please contact the state epidemiologist on call for assistance at 971-673-1111.


See Also

CDC Factsheet 

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