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There are multiple options for becoming a Child Care Provider in the State of Oregon, including licensed and licensed exempt programs.
The Child Care Licensing Division conducts regular visits to licensed child care programs to ensure each program is following basic health and safety rules. Licensed programs require that staff have ongoing training and background checks. Programs are required to follow rules about the number of staff that need to be present and the number of children that can be cared for at one time.
License Exempt caregivers who provide child care in their homes on an informal basis. These caregivers are not required to be licensed if they care for three children or fewer and may be friends or relatives of your family.
The Child Care Licensing Division (CCLD) issues three types of licenses. While all three licenses have health and safety requirements, they are three very different licenses. In most cases, both Registered Family and Certified Family Child Care licenses are in residential homes, and Certified Center licenses are in commercial buildings. Each type of license operates under a different set of Oregon Administrative Rules (OARs).
Here are the traits all three licensed-care formats have in common:
A Registered Family Child Care Home is defined by CCLD as a child care facility that is licensed to care for no more than 10 children and is the residence of the provider. The Registered Family Child Care Home has limits on the ages and number of children that can be in care at one time. Of the 10 children in care, a maximum of 6 children can be preschool‐age or younger, of which only 2 children can be under 24 months of age. In addition to the 6 children preschool‐age or younger, you can care for up to 4 school‐age children. More school‐age children can be in care if there are fewer than 6 preschool‐age or younger children, as long as there are no more than 10 children in the home at any one time.
A Certified Family Child Care Home is defined by CCLD as a child care facility that is certified to care for no more than 16 children, and is located in a building constructed as a single‐family dwelling.
A child care center is defined by CCLD as a child care facility that is certified to care for thirteen or more children, or a facility that is certified to care for twelve or fewer children and located in a building constructed as other than a single family dwelling.
Some types of child care are not required to be licensed with the Department of Early Learning and Child Care Licensing Division (CCLD). If any of the following exemptions apply to you, the type of care you provide may* not be required to be licensed. In certain situations you may be required to record the program with CCLD. See Recorded Programs for more information.
*Disclaimer: This is an informational tool only and may not be relied upon for a determination of exempt status.
Please contact CCLD staff should you have any additional questions.
1 (800) 556-6616 Email:
*License exempt child care providers need to meet training and safety requirements before they can provide child care and get paid through ERDC.
A Regulated Subsidy Provider is a non-relative who cares for children whose families are eligible for ERDC through the Department of Early Learning and Care.
* A Regulated Subsidy Provider (sometimes referred to as a license-exempt child care or ERDC provider) is required to be listed with the Department of Early Learning and Care’s Direc Pay Unit (DPU) and to follow federal regulations for training and allow a visit by the Office of Child Care.
Oregon statutes (ORS 329A.255 and ORS 329A.257) require certain programs serving children to be recorded with the Department of Early Learning and Care, Child Care Licensing Division. The purpose of the statutes are to ensure adults having contact with children complete criminal background checks and to inform parents about the type of program they are accessing.
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