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​Oregon Higher Education Statewide Snapshots Definitions


Total Students Enrolled: 
The count of Total Students on the statewide snapshot includes all students at all postsecondary institutions in Oregon: Oregon resident, nonresident, graduate, undergraduate, and nonadmitted (e.g., high school students) students. Institutions include all public community colleges/universities, and most of the institutions in the Oregon Alliance of Independent Colleges and Universities. The number of Students in Public Institutions includes all students at 17 community colleges and 7 public universities. We estimate an unduplicated total count of students attending more than one public institution in reporting year. The number of Oregon Undergraduates includes Oregon resident admitted and nonadmitted undergraduate students and those with an ORSAA (Oregon Student Aid Application) or tuition equity at public universities and all students in community colleges who were enrolled at any point in the summer to spring academic year.
Other Enrollment Data: 
Except for Primary Area of Instruction, all other university enrollment data refer to Oregon resident admitted and nonadmitted undergraduate students. Community college enrollment data refer to all students, including those enrolled in non-credit courses. Both sectors include high school students enrolled in dual credit/accelerated learning.
Race/Ethnicity, Enrollment, Age, Gender
For universities, includes Oregon resident undergraduate students and high school students enrolled in dual-credit/accelerated learning courses. For community colleges, this includes all students. Race/ethnicity, age, and gender are self-reported. For gender, “not reported” includes other options available at some schools.
Primary Area of Instruction:
For university students, shows Oregon resident, undergraduate and graduate students, whether admitted or nonadmitted and includes high school students in dual-credit/accelerated learning; measure based on admission criteria. For community college students, shows the percentage of students whose primary area of instruction is Lower Division Collegiate (LDC), Career/Technical Education (CTE), Developmental Education (Dev. Ed.), or non-credit courses. This is the category in which the largest share of a student’s credits lies. Students in the non-credit group are enrolled only in non-credit courses, including non-credit LDC, CTE, Dev. and Adult Continuing Education, Personal Enrichment, and other types. 
1st-Generation Status: 
Includes only students who completed a Federal Application for Student Aid (FAFSA) or Oregon Student Aid Application (ORSAA). A 1st-generation student is one who reported no parents completed education beyond high school or its equivalent. If one parent in a two-parent household has earned a certificate, associate degree, or bachelor’s degree, that student is not considered 1st-generation. 
Non 1st- Generation Status: 

A student who completed a FAFSA/ORSAA and reported at least one parent earned a certificate, associate degree, or bachelor’s degree.

Enrollment Level:
Students attempting 45+ credits (minimum needed to complete an associate degree in 2 years or a bachelor’s degree in 4 years), 1-44 credits, and 0 credits annually. High school students enrolled in college courses generally attempt 1-44 credits annually. Metric revised in 2019.​


Affordability Data:
All data in this section (except for institutional aid) refer only to resident, admitted undergraduate students who filed a complete FAFSA/ORSAA. Students who did not file a FAFSA/ORSAA may include those from high-income and those from low-income families.
Shows the percentage of each race/ethnicity group that experienced unaffordable costs for postsecondary education after existing resources.
Students Unable to Meet College Expenses with Expected Resources:
Students for whom total cost of attendance exceeds the sum of their federal expected family contribution (EFC), public grant aid, and own earnings. Earnings estimated as 90% of minimum wage for 15 hours per week for 48 weeks (Oregon Opportunity Grant formula). Metric revised in 2019.
Cost of Attendance (COA):
Institutional reports of standard student budgets for tuition/fees, books/supplies, room/board, personal expenses, transportation, and other costs. Cost of attendance data are based on enrollment of 15 crediets per term but part-time students are included by adjusting to full-time equivalent.
1st-Generation Status:
Percentage of 1st-generation students unable to meet college expenses with expected resources and of non-1st-generation students unable to meet college expenses with expected resources. For definition of 1st-generation status, see Enrollment section above.
Students Receiving Financial Aid:
Data on Pell grants, Oregon Opportunity grants (OOG), and Oregon Promise grants are available only for those who filed a FAFSA/ORSAA. Measure shows the number of students receiving a grant in the reported academic year. Institutional aid data reflect all resident undergraduates, regardless of a FAFSA/ORSAA.
Students Seeking Financial Aid:

Data include resident, undergraduate students at the universities and community college students attempting six or more credits, who were not accelerated learning students. Shows percentage of these students who filed a complete FAFSA/ORSAA and did or did not receive aid as well as the percentage of these students who did not file a complete FASFSA/ORSAA.

Federal Loan Debt:        

Federal loan debt for graduates includes those with $0 of federal loans. Percentage of undergraduates with federal loans includes Oregon residents and nonresidents. Both measures from IPEDS at

COA after Public Student Aid:
Shows average cost of attendance for students who receive public aid. Subtracts average public aid from the total cost of attenance.

COA after Institutional Aid: 

The cost of attendance after subtracting the average amount of public aid and institutional aid provided to students.
Time to Completion:
For first-time graduates, shows median time between first for-credit community college enrollment in LDC/CTE/Dev.Ed. after high school and earning an associate degree or between university admission and earning a bachelor’s degree. Excludes students who earn an associate degree during high school. Excludes summer term.


University completion rates show the percentage of resident, first-time, full-time freshmen cohort who earned a bachelor’s degree within 6 years at any public university. Community college completion rates show the percentage of students who earned an associate degree or career certificate or who transferred to any 4-year university nationwide, among students who were new to the college in fall, were not enrolled in dual credit/accelerated learning, and earned at least 18 quarter credits over 2 years or earned an award of fewer than 18 credits.

Shows the completion rate of each race/ethnic group.
Bachelor’s Completion if continued to junior year: ​
This measure shows the graduation rate for students who are about half-way through a bachelor’s degree. It compares first-time freshmen who continue into a third year and who graduate within 6 years of admission to the university with transfer students from any Oregon community college who transfer with at least 90 credits accepted and then graduate within 4 years of admission to the university as a transfer student. 
Retention Rate:
For university students, shows the percentage of first-time, full-time freshmen in fall of preceding year who enrolled in fall of reporting year. For community college students, shows the percentage of new, credential-seeking students in fall of previous year who were enrolled in fall of reporting year or received an award before or during fall of reporting year. This includes students who were new to the institution in summer or fall of previous year, not enrolled in dual-credit courses after the spring of previous year (a proxy for high school graduates), and earned at least 18 credits or earned an award by the end of 2 years (the VFA degree-seeking cohort).  ​
1st-Generation Status:
Shows the completion rate for 1st-generation students and the comparable completion rate for non-1st-generation students. For definition of 1st-generation status, see Enrollment section above.​
Annual Earnings:
Earnings outcomes come from the Oregon Employment Department and include students employed in Oregon in during reporting year 5 and 10  years after completion. Includes all associate and bachelor’s degree recipients whether or not they completed additional degrees.
Number of Students Completing/Transferring:
Shows students completing a degree/certificate at an Oregon community college or public university during the reporting academic year. Transfer students are those admitted to a public university as a transfer student from any Oregon community college and may also have earned an associate degree or certificate. In the degree and certificate totals, students earning more than one degree or certificate are counted once, in the highest award group. 
General notes:
Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding. To protect confidentiality, data are suppressed for measures containing fewer than 10 students.