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The Variable Annuity Program applies only to Tier One and Tier Two members who elected to participate in it.
If you have a variable annuity account, read on for more information about how the variable annuity works and your options within the program.
review this FAQ for the latest information.
PERS uses three retirement benefit calculation methods: Money Match, Full Formula, and Formula
Plus Annuity (if you were a PERS member before August 21, 1981).
Any increase or decrease in your member account due to your participation in the Variable
Program results in an increased or decreased retirement benefit when calculating the benefit
methods at retirement.
For specific examples please see Questions 12 and 13.
When you apply for PERS retirement benefits, you may elect to transfer your variable account
balance into your regular account or to continue participating in the Variable Annuity
Program. You make this election as part of your retirement application process by completing
Variable Election: Retiring Members form. If you elect a lump-sum option, your variable account balance is automatically combined
with your regular account.
Earnings or losses will be credited to your variable account as of your effective retirement
Your variable account balance is then transferred to your regular account. Any increase or
decrease in your variable account compared to what those contributions would have earned in
the regular account is incorporated into your retirement benefit calculation. Your regular
account provides a fixed annuity as part of your monthly retirement benefit.
You may change your variable election up to 60 days after the issue date on your first actual
benefit payment. Once the 60 days has elapsed, you cannot make changes to your variable
If you choose to remain in the Variable Annuity Program after retirement, the variable annuity
portion of your retirement benefit will increase or decrease annually based on the performance
of the variable fund from October 31 to the following October 31. Any increase or decrease to
your variable annuity is effective January 1, payable beginning February 1.
No. Your total monthly benefit payment will change only by the amount of the increase or
decrease applied to the variable annuity portion of your benefit.
Part of your monthly payment comes from an annuity based on your regular account balance.
Another part comes from a pension funded by your employer(s). These amounts are fixed portions
of your monthly payment. The variable annuity part of your benefit will change on an annual
basis depending on the performance of the variable fund.
$ 525 employer pension – fixed
$ 300 regular annuity – fixed
$ 200 variable annuity – portion of benefit that will change annually
$1,025 total benefit at retirement
For retirees, variable fund earnings or losses are evaluated annually for the 12-month period
ending October 31. The PERS actuary converts the gross earnings rate to a net rate of return
based on the assumed interest rate that was used to calculate a retiree’s retirement benefit.
During the first year of a member’s retirement, the performance of the variable fund is
measured from the effective date of retirement to the following October 31.
At retirement, your benefit is calculated using your account balance and an annuity factor
determined by your age, based on an assumed interest rate to be paid on your declining member
Your variable annuity will remain the same if the variable fund earns exactly the same as the
assumed interest rate used to calculate your retirement benefit. If the fund earns more than
the assumed interest rate, your variable annuity will increase in the following year; if it
earns less, your variable annuity will decrease in the following year.
The variable portion of your benefit (measured in units) will be revalued annually.
The PERS actuary assigns a number of units to the variable annuity portion of your benefit in January following your effective retirement date. The number of units assigned does not change, but the value of the units changes on an annual basis based on the variable fund earnings or losses during the 12-month period ending October 31.
The formula used to determine the value of one unit is the prior year’s unit value multiplied
by the variable earnings factor (increase or decrease) from October 31 to October 31 divided
by the assumed interest rate.
Example: The assumed interest rate was 8 percent. The variable annuity unit value increased
for 2006 because the 17.83 percent variable earnings for October 31, 2005, to October 31,
2006, was greater than the assumed interest rate of 8 percent. The unit value increased from
$14.3715 in 2006 to $15.6796 for payments beginning February 1, 2007.
$ 14.3715 (10/31/06 unit value)
x 1.1783 (17.83 percent gross return factor)
÷ 1.0800 (8 percent assumed interest rate factor)
= 15.6796 (10/31/07 unit value)
If the variable annuity portion of a retirement benefit was assigned 10 units, the variable
annuity effective January 1 and payable beginning February 1, 2007, would increase from
$143.72 to $156.80.
Variable units are assigned in January for retirement benefits established through October 31
of the prior year. Write to PERS, Customer Service Center, PO Box 23700, Tigard, OR
97281-3700, to request the number of variable units assigned to your retirement benefit.
The Full Formula benefit calculation is increased or decreased based on the value of the
variable contributions being higher or lower than the value of the same contributions had they
been in the regular account. The increase or decrease is calculated by comparing your variable
account balance at your effective retirement date with the amount your variable contributions
would have been worth if they had been in the regular account.
The difference between your contributions at the variable rate amount (Var-Var) and your
contributions at the regular rate amount (Var-Reg) is multiplied by an annuity factor based on
your age at retirement. The result is added to or subtracted from the Refund Annuity (RA)
option benefit that the Full Formula calculation method produces. The adjustment will result
in a reduction if the contributions at the variable rate earned less than the contributions
would have earned at the regular rate.
Example Full Formula Variable adjustment:
Total Var-Var $10,596.37
Total Var-Reg -15,490.53
Difference -$ 4,894.16
Annuity factor × .00821
Variable adjustment $ 40.18
Full Formula calculation:
Monthly final average salary 5,647.63
General service statutory factor x .0167
Years of service x 24
Variable adjustment - 40.18
Total Full Formula benefit 2,223.39
This variable adjustment is applied to the employer match since the employer pension is based
on matching the variable contributions at the regular account earnings rate. The difference
between the contributions at the regular rate (Var-Reg) and the contributions at the variable
rate (Var-Var) is multiplied by the Option 1 factor to determine the variable adjustment.
Example Money Match Variable adjustment:
Total Var-Reg $15,490.53
Total Var-Var 10,596.37
Difference $ 4,894.16
Annuity factor × .00891
Variable adjustment 43.61
Money Match Option 1 calculation:
Regular and Variable account balance $108,370.67
Annuity factor × .00891
Regular and Variable annuity 965.58
Employer match $ 965.58
Variable Adjustment + 43.61
Adjusted employer match $1,009.19 + 1,009.19
Total Money Match benefit $ 1,974.77
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