Definition of Dyslexia:
"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."
Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
In July of 2015, Senate Bill 612 was passed by the Oregon Legislature. SB 612 requires the Oregon Department of Education (ODE) to designate a Dyslexia Specialist to provide school districts with support to screen all students in kindergarten and first grade for risk factors of dyslexia and to develop and communicate annually a list of training opportunities for districts related to dyslexia. Additionally, SB 612 requires each school district to ensure that at least one K-5 teacher in each K-5 school receive training related to dyslexia.