Following a disaster, local and state governments, special districts, certain private nonprofit organizations and tribal governments may qualify for assistance so that they can quickly respond to and recover from the event. Not all programs, however, are activated for every disaster or event. The determination of which programs are activated is based on the needs found during damage assessment and any subsequent information that may be discovered.
Disaster Assistance for Individuals, Families and Businesses
Individual Assistance (IA) can provide a range of programs and
resources that assist individual and families to recover from disaster events.
This assistance is available only when the President declares that a major
disaster has occurred and U.S. Government agencies are to provide IA.
Individual Assistance can include FEMA’s Individuals and Households Program
(IHP), housing and personal property assistance, child care, crisis counseling,
unemployment assistance, legal assistance (usually for landlord-tenant
matters), and assistance with other essential needs. It also includes disaster
loans for physical damage and economic injury which are provided by the U.S.
Small Business Administration.
Damage assessment is a critical component of disaster operations. This page includes necessary forms, templates and resources for completing essential documentation following a disaster.
The Public Assistance program is supplementary federal financial assistance to local and state, special districts, certain private non-profits and federally-recognized Indian tribes from the impact of a disaster.