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Preventing a boat from
becoming abandoned or derelict can reduce the impact on the environment and
Abandoned vessels are those left without authorization on public or private land, or State waters. Derelict vessels are those vessels that are sinking, actively polluting, obstructing a waterway, or endangering life or property.
An enforcement agency has the authority to seize vessels that meet these definitions.
• Keep your registration current.
• Consider insuring your vessel.
• Keep your vessel in good working condition; ensure it is seaworthy and can move under its own power.
• If you are selling your boat, make sure the boat is going to good hands and inform the Marine Board of the transfer of ownership (Bill of Sale). If you don’t you could end up with the bill for removing the vessel if it becomes abandoned or derelict down-the-road.
• Have an end-of-life plan for your vessel. For ways to dispose of your vessel see the information on boat disposal options.
Call your local County Sheriff’s Office if a boat appears to have become abandoned or derelict. Call 911 if the boat is involved in an emergency.
Signs that a boat is at risk of becoming, or already is, an abandoned or derelict vessel include:
• Listing to one side;
• Bilge pump that runs frequently to expel water from the hull;
• Severe external deterioration of wood, paint, or other materials;
• Unusual quantities of growth of algae, moss, grass, or other plant material covering the boat;
• Leaking fluids such as oil, fuel, or waste;
• Drifting from moorage or docks;
• Appearance of being illegally moored;
• No movement in more than 30 days.
Oregon has an abandoned and derelict vessel (ADV) program that is managed by the Oregon State Marine Board. The program includes legislation and procedures for delegating authority to an enforcement agency to seize and remove abandoned and derelict vessels from state lands and waters (ORS 830.908 through 830.944). Oregon’s ADV program does not address the taking of abandoned or derelict vessels that occur on private property, which must be dealt with through abandoned property laws or reported to an appropriate enforcement agency.
Oregon law authorizes the Oregon State Marine Board to establish and maintain an Abandoned and Derelict Vessel Removal Fund. Funds from this account, which are collected from recreational boater titling and registration fees, are used to reimburse public enforcement agencies for expenses related to the removal of abandoned or derelict vessels. The Oregon State Marine Board must set aside $150,000 each biennium in order to provide funds to reimburse up to 90% of the costs associated with investigating, salvaging, towing, removing, storing or disposing of abandoned or derelict vessels.
Under this program, the owner of the vessel is liable to the enforcement agency for all costs arising out of the seizure and removal of the vessel.
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