Animal Diseases and Biosecurity

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Background

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is a serious and deadly disease in domesti​​c poultry. The 2015 outbreak of HPAI was the largest and most expens​​iv​e animal disease response in US history. 

​Oregon had two HPAI detections in backyard flocks. Avian influenza findings can negatively impact the poultry trade of the state and the entire country.     

Description

Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease of birds (especially wild waterfowl such as ducks and geese), often causing no apparent signs of illness. AI viruses can sometimes spread to domestic poultry and cause large-scale outbreaks of serious disease. 

Some of these AI viruses have also been reported to cross the species barrier and cause disease or subclinical infections in humans and other mammals. However, to-date no human infections with these viruses have been detected.​ 

AI viruses are divided into two groups based on their ability to cause disease in poultry: 

  • High pathogenicity (HPAI) 
    • Highly pathogenic viruses result in high death rates (up to 100% mortality within 48 hours) in some poultry species.
  • Low pathogenicity (LPAI)​
    • Low pathogenicity viruses also cause outbreaks in poultry, but are not generally associated with severe disease.

Prevention

Following strict biosecurity practices is key to preventing HPAI infection. Biosecurity is a set of practices designed to reduce the risk of spreading disease from sick birds and birds carrying the virus, to healthy ones. 

We recommend adding these practices to your routine:

  • Restrict access to your property and keep your birds away from other birds.
  • Keep a designated pair of shoes to wear around your birds, wash clothing after visiting your birds, and use disinfectants correctly.
  • Clean and disinfect cages, poultry equipment, and car tires after visiting a farm store, poultry swap, or other location with birds present.
  • Keep new birds separate from your flock for 30 days; quarantine returning birds from the rest of your flock after visiting a poultry swap or other event.
  • Do not share equipment or supplies with others, but if you must, disinfect it first.
  • Wash hands before and after bird handling​.​

Avian Influenza regional quarantines

After confirmed cases of HPAI in poultry flocks, regional quarantines for all avian species and vehicle traffic involved with avian species are implemented for areas extending a minimum of 10 kilometers around the infected properties.

Released quarantines

  • Deschutes County regional quarantine
  • Lane County regional quarantine
  • Malheur County regional quarantine 
A map of all active ​outbreak areas in Oregon as well as the quarantine areas is available online. Interested parties may enter their address to determine whether they are included in a quarantine area​.

Outbreak information and updates​​

​For current information about Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) detections throughout the United States, visit the USDA's HPAI confirmation webpage​.

Visit ODA’s news blog for announcements on avian influenza in Oregon, or sign up to receive poultry animal health updates by email.​

​Contact​

If you find a sick or dead bird, don't touch it, report it!​

State of Oregon ​Veterinarian
AHHotline@oda.oregon.gov​
635 Capitol St NE
Salem, OR 97301
Phone: 503-986-4711
Alt Phone: 1-800-347-7028

For wild birds, contact:

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Phone: 1-866-968-2600​

Resources​

Avian influenza and biosecurity brochure—English

Avian influenza biosecurity brochure—English

Avian influenza infographic poster—English

ODA poster with information and guidance on avian influenza. Includes contact information for reporting. Avian influenza infographic poster—English

Biosecurity Steps Infographic—English

Protecting your animals from disease. Biosecurity Steps Infographic—English

Biosecurity tips for backyard bird keepers

A short video to answer questions about protecting backyard flocks from avian influenza and other poultry diseases. Bird Flu: How you can stop the spread video

Protecting Captive Wild Birds from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Animal care tech note from USDA APHIS. Captive wild birds & avian influenza

USDA Defend the Flock webpage

Information on biosecurity practices you can use in your everyday routine of caring for your birds. USDA information on biosecurity

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