Superintendent: Greg Roberts
Oregon State Hospital, with campuses in Salem and Portland, is the state's primary state-run psychiatric facility for adults. The state hospital delivers high-quality inpatient psychiatric and medical care to patients through Forensic Psychiatric Services for patients who are judged guilty except for insanity and Psychiatric Recovery Services for civilly committed patients. OSH's mission is to provide therapeutic, evidence-based, patient-centered treatment focusing on recovery and community reintegration, all in a safe environment. The hospital is accredited by the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Organizations.
The History of Oregon State Hospital
Oregon State Hospital opened in 1883 at its present location in Salem and has played a key role in the state's public mental health services.
For 75 years, the number of patients continued to increase despite the establishment of other state facilities. The patient population peaked in 1958 with 3,545 patients. The numbers declined over the next two decades as Oregon joined the national trend of emphasizing community care over institutional care where possible. By 1979, Oregon State Hospital had fewer than 1,000 patients, and reached a low of 525 in 1977.
The Legislature in 2007 approved a major construction program to replace most of the aged Salem facility with two new structures, one in Salem and another in Junction City. Phased construction began on the Salem site in 2008, with the first patients moving into the new facility in early 2011. The Salem campus will be completed in early 2012. The Junction City facility is projected for completion in 2014. For more information, see the hospital replacement project's website.
Organization of Oregon State Hospital
Oregon State Hospital operates under the direction of the Oregon Health Authority's Addictions and Mental Health Division.
Adults needing intensive psychiatric treatment for severe and persistent mental illness who are civilly or criminally committed to OSH receive treatment at Oregon State Hospital campuses in Salem and Portland, and Blue Mountain Recovery Center in Pendleton.
The current capacity is 655 beds in Salem and Portland. The hospital's 2011-13 budget includes funding for a total of 2,038 employees, up from 1,100 in 2005. Blue Mountain Recovery Center has 60 beds for civilly committed clients from Central and Eastern Oregon.
OSH is funded by both state and federal funds. Patients are billed for cost of their care according to their ability to pay. The 2011-13 budget is approximately $341 million.