Justice Reinvestment


History of Oregon's Justice Reinvestment Initiative

Between 2000 and 2010, Oregon's prison rate increased by nearly 50% growing to 14,000 inmates with a total biennial corrections budget over $1.4 billion. Justice Reinvestment is an approach to spending resources more effectively with the goals of reducing recidivism, decreasing prison use, protecting the public and holding offenders accountable.

2017-19 JRI Grant

The Grant Program is targeted to financially support Oregon counties to plan, implement, or expand initiatives that reduce recidivism, reduce prison population, increase public safety, and hold offenders accountable.

Read more 2017

Second Summit

Nearly 1,000 attendees register for the second Justice Reinvestment Summit


Below Forecast Again

By April 2017, the prison forecast was 839 beds below the April 2013 forecast.


Avoided Costs

Oregon avoids building a new male prison. Estimates project Justice Reinvestment to save the state over $250 million by the end of 2017-19 in avoided costs.


Below Forecast

By March 2016, the prison population was 100 prison beds below the April 2015 prison forecast, and 417 prison beds below the April 2013 forecast.



On average 100 inmates per month participate in Short Term Transitional Leave. Participants have a failure-rate of only 5% and lower one-year recidivism rates than eligible non-participants.


Distributing Funds

$38.7 million in Justice Reinvestment Grant Program funds are distributed to Oregon counties.


First Summit

CJC holds first Justice Reinvestment Summit


Rules Created

Rules are created to govern the Justice Reinvestment Grant Program.


Initial Reinvestment

$15 million in initial reinvestment funds are distributed to counties.


HB 3194

HB 3194, the Justice Reinvestment Act, passes the Oregon Legislature which made several modest sentencing changes and created the Justice Reinvestment Grant Program.


Vera Implementation

CJC Begins receiving implementation assistance from the Vera Institute of Justice.


Public Safety Report

Commission on Public Safety published final report to the Governor proposing several policy recommendations which become the foundation for HB 3194.


Increased Prison Usage

Oregon's incarceration rate increases at a pace four time the national average. The prison population reaches more than 14,000 inmates resulting in a total biennial corrections budget of over $1.4 billion.

2000 - 2010

Grant Programs

Grant Program funds must be spent on community-based sanctions, services and programs. Community-based programs include:

  • Work release programs

  • Structured transitional leave programs

  • Evidence-based programs designed to reduce recidivism that include a
    balanced administration of sanctions, supervision and treatment

  • Re-entry courts

  • Specialty courts

Ten percent (10%) of the total allotment of funds must be spent on community-based victim services

Programs will be evaluated, by RCT when possible, for effectiveness and cost-benefits. Performance measures for each policy section of the bill will be tracked.


2017-19 Request for Justice Reinvestment Grant Proposals **Updated**

2017-19 Justice Reinvestment Formula Table **Updated**

FAQ - 10% for Community-Based Non-Profit Victim Services

Grant Review Committee

Jennifer Williamson, Chair
Representative, District 36

Floyd Prozanski
Senator, District 4

Jackie Winters
Senator, District 10

Duane Stark
Representative, District 4

Jay Bozievich
County Commissioner, Lane County

Patty Perlow
District Attorney, Lane County

Kiki Parker-Rose
Community Corrections Director, Klamath County

Stuart Roberts
Pendleton, Umatilla County

Mike Reese
Sheriff, Multnomah County

Victims FAQ

Justice Reinvestment Funds 10% for Community-Based Victim Services

While nearly half the country has engaged in a Justice Reinvestment processes, Oregon is the first state to dedicate at least 10% of Justice Reinvestment funds to victim services programs. HB 3194 specifically stated that funding would be directed to community-based victim services. This FAQ will answer questions you may have about that funding.

What are Community-based Nonprofit Victim Services Programs?

Community-based nonprofit victim services programs provide comprehensive services to victims, such as accessing safe emergency shelter, crisis counseling, court and medical accompaniment, safety planning, obtaining protective orders, and applying for benefits. Programs may also provide support groups, assistance in returning to school, finding living wage jobs, support finding safe and affordable housing, family support services, and prevention classes.

Services are available before, during, and after a criminal case. Services are also available if the victim hasn't reported to law enforcement and if there is no criminal case at all.

Community-base Victim Services

  • Assist victims who report the crime as well as victims who do not
  • Provide advocacy to help victims rebuild their lives (crisis line; emergency shelter; crisis counseling; safety planning; support groups; education and violence prevention; advocacy; assistance navigating criminal justice, civil justice and human services processes)
  • Services are focused on victim safety, empowerment, and restoration
  • Services are available on an on-going basis

System-based Victim Services

  • Assist victims whose cases are processed through the justice system
  • Provides advocacy to help victims access their rights (information; notification of court proceedings; court accompaniment; assistance with victim impact statements, restitution and applying for compensation)
  • Services are focused on victim safety and access to justice system and case-specific information
  • Services are typically limited to the duration of the criminal justice process

What are examples of community-based victim services?

Community-based victim services should have serving victims of crime as part of their mission statement. Examples of community-based nonprofit victim services programs include domestic and sexual violence services programs, services for murder victim family members, assistance for victims of DUII-related crashes, services for child victims, and restorative justice programs (if appropriate).

Is the 10% tied to the Justice Reinvestment offender population?

No. Crime victims served through the 10% are not expected to be tied to or the victims of offenders who are part of the HB 3194 population or are being served through Justice Reinvestment. This is an opportunity to provide innovative services to underserved crime victims in your community.

Can system-based victim services programs receive funding through the 10%?

No, but system-based victim services programs can receive funding through the other 90% of their County's Justice Reinvestment award.

How are applications for the 10% evaluated?

Each grant application will be evaluated based on the following (JR Grant Rules 213-060-0060(2)(f)):

  • Demonstrated need for the proposed services in the community to be served by the applicant with emphasis on services that target marginalized, underserved populations.
  • Services address access barriers, such as but not limited to: language, literacy, disability, cultural practices and transportation issues.
  • Funding increases capacity for areas where services are difficult to access, limited or non-existent.
  • Demonstration that the award will be invested in trauma-informed services.
  • Data collection, including but not limited to, demographic information of victims served.

How do I find a community-based nonprofit victim services program that serves my county?

Many community-based nonprofit victim services programs serve multiple counties. The following statewide organizations can help you get in touch with your local programs:

Oregon Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence

Oregon Mothers Against Drunk Driving

Oregon Network of Child Abuse Intervention Centers

Parents of Murdered Children

Shannon Sivell - Department of Justice contact (503) 378-5348

Regional Implementation Councils (RIC)

Statewide RIC (Regional Implementation Council) meetings occur on a quarterly basis. These meetings allow for knowledge sharing and collaboration around Justice Reinvestment Program implementation and innovation. The Criminal Justice Commission presents statewide and county level prison use, as well as other crucial areas of Justice Reinvestment including short-term transitional leave. The state has been divided into four regions shown in the map below. CJC staff travel to each region to conduct the RIC meetings, and this helps to facilitate regional information sharing and alleviates some of the travel burden to meet on a regular basis. Ross Caldwell is the Justice Reinvestment Liaison for the CJC who schedules and conducts these quarterly meetings and can be reached at ross.caldwell@oregon.gov.

RIC Meetings

Association of Oregon Counties Conference
November 15th, 2018

November 2018 RIC Presentation


Justice Reinvestment Implementation in Oregon

Oregon State map with RIC regions highlighted.

Public Safety Task Force

House Bill 3194 created the Task Force on Public Safety consisting of 13 members, appointed by the Governor, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The membership must include a county commissioner, a district attorney, a criminal defense attorney, a community corrections director, a representative of a community based crime victims organization and members of law enforcement. The Task Force is responsible for overseeing the implementation of 3194 according to the goals of Justice Reinvestment; to reduce recidivism, decrease prison use, protect the public and hold offenders accountable. The Task Force is also responsible for reporting to the legislature. The Criminal Justice Commission provides staff support to the Task Force.


Floyd Prozanski, Co-chair
Senator District 4

Jackie Winters, Co-chair
Senator District 10

Tawna Sanchez, Co-chair
Representative District 43

Ron Noble, Co-chair
Representative District 24

Beth Heckert
Jackson County District Attorney

Karen Joplin
Commissioner, Hood River County

Jason Myers
Sheriff, Marion County

John Collins
Judge, Yamhill County

Lane Borg
Executive Director, Metro Public Defenders

Debra Vogt
Judge, Lane County

Steve Berger
Washington County Community Corrections Director

Melissa Erlbaum
Executive Director, Clackamas Women's Services

John Teague
Police Chief, Keizer