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Transportation Alternative Program (TAP)

In July 2012, the US Congress passed a new transportation funding bill called Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21 or “MAP-21" The new bill took effect on October 1, 2012.

MAP-21 did not reauthorize the Transportation Enhancement Program. Instead, it established a new program called Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) that includes elements of the former TE program, in combination with elements from other programs and some new activities.

Table 2 below shows the activities eligible under the Transportation Alternatives Program, and whether they are newly eligible activities or carried in from the TE Program.


Transportation Alternatives Activities 

 Table 2: Transportation Alternative Activities

A​ ​Bicycle & Pedestrian Facilities TE Activity #​
On-road and off-road trail facilities, sidewalks, bicycle infrastructure, pedestrian and bicycle signals, traffic calming techniques, lighting, other safety-related infrastructure, and ADA compliance ​#1
B​ Safe Routes for Non-Drivers
Infrastructure and systems that help children, older adults, and indi­vi­duals with disabilities access daily needs.
​C ​Rails-to-Trails
Conversion and use of abandoned railroad corridors for trails for pedestrians, bicyclists, or
other non-motorized transportation users
​D Scenic Viewpoints
Turnouts, overlooks, and viewing areas. ​#4
​E Community Improvement Activities
(i) inventory, control, or removal of outdoor advertising ​#9
(ii) preservation and rehabilitation of historic transportation facilities ​#5 and #6
(iii) vegetation management to improve roadway safety, prevent invasive
      species, or provide erosion control
(iv) archaeological activities relating to impacts from eligible transportation
F​ Environmental Mitigation
Any mitigation activity, including:
(i) Storm water management and control, water pollution prevention or abatement ​#11
(ii) Reducing vehicle-caused wildlife mortality, restoring and maintaining connectivity among terrestrial or aquatic habitats. ​#11
​G ​Recreation Trails
All activities previously eligible under Section 206 of Title 23, including: development, construction and rehabilitation of trails for either motorized or non-motorized recreation; and program administration. #1 or #8
depending on type of project
​H Safe Routes to School
All activities previously eligible under Section 1401(f) of SAFETEA-LU, including: infrastructure (construction) projects, non-infrastructure activities (education, encouragement, enforcement) and program administration. #1 or #2
depending on type of project
​I Former Interstate Routes or Divided Highways
Planning, design, or constructing boulevards and other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate System routes or other divided highways.

 What Has Changed?

Along with MAP-21 at the national level, there are two major changes within ODOT affecting how Transportation Enhancement (TE) and Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) projects are selected.
  • TE-OBPAC Combined Solicitation 2012 awarded TE/TAP funds and state-funded Bicycle & Pedestrian project grants for FY 2014 and 2015 (projects awarded in March 2013).

  • STIP-Enhance statewide multi-modal selection process awarding TAP funds in conjunction with STP and other funds for FY 2016-2018 (preliminary approval in December 2013).
    What happens to the TE Program?
TE funds already allocated to the program don’t go away. The funds committed to specific projects will stay with those projects. TE-funded work in progress will continue under the terms of existing agree­ments, and remaining phases of work will end up with either TE or TAP funds. All TE funds allo­cated by the Oregon Transportation Commission but not yet committed to projects remain available for award to future projects.
The TE Discretionary Account remains in place through 2015, with $2 million per year for urgent needs that arise outside the statewide competitive selection process. For 2016-2018, the Discretionary Account has $1.5 million per year, shared with the Bicycle & Pedestrian “Quick Fix” program that provides funds for immediate needs along the State Highway system.
Although there are many changes occurring with transition to the STIP-Enhance process, this update explains how TE and TAP will operated in the 2013-2015 timeframe.

 Organizational Structure

Transportation Enhancement (TE) and Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) are statewide programs located in ODOT Active Transportation Section (AT)S. “ATS” staff handles the program management and progress tracking for all TE projects, and will monitor most aspects of TAP projects and funds. 
Program Manager      Pat Fisher        503-986-3528  patricia.r.fisher@odot.state.or.us
Progress Tracking       Deanna Edgar 503-986-3441 
TAP-U  (urbanized areas >200,000)
SRTS    (infrastructure program)
​Program ​Project Selection Program Management​
  • Selection through the Statewide Compe­titive process was complete in 2011.
  • Selection for TE Discretionary funds occurs in response to qualified requests. The program has a small remainder of
    FY 2012 funds for projects not eligible to receive TAP funds—see conditions below.
​AT Section Staff
  • Selection for the “Statewide” portion of TAP funds is complete for FY 2013-2015.
  • Selection for TE Discretionary funds occurs in response to qualified requests. The program has FY 2013-2015 funds for eligible projects that meet the tests of urgency, readiness, support and meet the technical merit and selection criteria.
​AT Section Staff
  • Funds for FY 2013 and most of 2014 were assigned to previously selected TE projects within each MPO area.
  • Selection for FY 2014-2015 occurs separately within the three MPO areas: Portland/Metro, Central Lane, and
    Salem-Keizer Area.
​MPO Staff with oversight by AT Section
  • Selection for SRTS “Infrastructure” was complete in 2012, for FY 2013-2015 projects. These receive TAP funds and follow TAP rules even though selected through SRTS process.
  • “Non-Infrastructure” projects for 2013-2015 are awarded by ODOT Transpor­ta­tion Safety Division and receive STP funds or TAP funds.

​AT Section for Infrastructure projects.

Transportation Safety Division for non-Infrastructure (Safety, Education)

  • Selection for FY 2014 projects was complete in november 2013. OPRD conducted the solicitation and selection according to existing RTP rules and process.
  • Selection for FY 2015 projects is planned for November 2014 .
Oregon Parks & Recreation Department