Federal Consistency Explained
Federal consistency is a review process that coastal states with federally approved coastal programs undertake, every time a federal activity is proposed in that state's Coastal Zone. The review process is usually triggered under three circumstances; when the federal activity is proposed by a federal agency, when a federal permit is needed for a proposed project, or when a project receives federal assistance (e.g. funding). Learn more about the federal consistency review process.
Where Does Federal Consistency Apply?
Federal consistency applies to any project that affects a coastal use or resource, whether inside or outside of the coastal zone boundary. However, there are specific rules that apply to areas outside of the coastal zone boundary. Areas outside of the coastal zone must be within a designated geographic location description (GLD).
Learn more about where the federal consistency review process applies and the one designated GLD regarding marine renewable energy.
Guidance for Federal Action Agencies
Guidance for Federal Permit Applicants