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Federal Consistency Explained

Note to Readers: Please see the federal regulations governing federal consistency in Oregon. The federal regulations are controlling over any statements made on these pages.

Federal consistency is a review process that coastal states with federally approved coastal programs undertake, every time a federal activity is proposed in that state's Coastal Zone. The review process is usually triggered under three circumstances; when the federal activity is proposed by a federal agency, when a federal permit is needed for a proposed project, or when a project receives federal assistance (e.g. funding).

Review for federal consistency can also take place outside of the Coastal Zone if the proposed activity will have an effect on coastal resources and uses within the Coastal Zone boundary. For more information, visit Where Federal Consistency Applies.

Federal consistency review also occurs for outer continental shelf activities in areas that have been leased for oil and gas exploration/development or production. The outer continental shelf is not inside of Oregon’s Coastal Zone, but by law, Oregon's Coastal Management Program has authority to review these activities.


Deanna Caracciolo
Coastal State-Federal Relations Coordinator
Phone: 503-934-0026

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