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If you don't have a child under age 18 on your SNAP case, you may only be able to get SNAP benefits for three months in a three-year period. If you have an exemption or meet work requirements, you can get SNAP benefits for more than three months.
"ABAWD" stands for able-bodied adult without dependents. People age 18 to 52 who don't have any children under 18 on their SNAP case have an "ABAWD status" unless they are approved for an exemption.
Because of federal rules, people with an ABAWD status can usually only get three months of SNAP benefits in a 3-year period unless they meet work requirements or have an exemption.
If you have an ABAWD status, you can keep your SNAP benefits for longer than three months if:
If you have an ABAWD status and don't have an exemption, you need to do at least one of these things if you want SNAP benefits for longer than three months:
If you have an ABAWD status and live in one of the following counties, you may need to meet the requirements:
From July 1, 2023, to Dec. 31, 2023, people in these counties may need to meet requirements: Clackamas, Deschutes, Jackson, Lane, Linn, Marion, Multnomah or Washington
From Jan. 1, 2024, to Dec. 31, 2024 only people in these counties may need to meet requirements: Multnomah or Washington.
You have an ABAWD status if:
You are between 18 and 52 years old, and
You don't have any children under 18 on your SNAP case.
Some people with an ABAWD status are exempt from work requirements. If you think you are exempt, you need to contact us and get approved for an exemption.
You may be exempt from work requirements if one or more of these apply to you:
If you think you are exempt, contact ODHS as soon as possible. We need to approve your exemption.
No. You can choose if you want to participate. This program is one way you can meet the SNAP work requirements.
If you have an ABAWD status and lose your SNAP benefits because you didn't meet the work requirements, you can start receiving SNAP again if you:
The Oregon Department of Human Services (ODHS) does not discriminate against anyone. This means that ODHS will help all who qualify and will not treat anyone differently. See the
USDA nondiscrimination statement for more information.
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