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Goal 18: Pre-1977 Development Focus Group

Purpose of the Focus Group

The Department of Land Conservation & Development (DLCD) convened a focus group of relevant interest groups, local government staff, and state agencies to review the equity and consistency of the application of Statewide Planning Goal 18: Beaches and Dunes, Implementation Requirement #5. This provision of the Goal relates specifically to shoreline armoring requirements. This focus group considered information related to the practical, political, technical and scientific aspects of Goal 18 shoreline armoring requirements.

Oregon Statewide Planning Goal 18, Beaches and Dunes (OAR 660-015-0010) limits the issuance of permits for beachfront protective structures (BPS)* to areas where development existed on January 1, 1977. Development is defined as:

  • Houses, commercial and industrial buildings;
  • Vacant subdivision lots which are physically improved through construction of streets and provision of utilities to the lot; or
  • Areas where an exception to Goal 18 Implementation Requirement #2 has been approved.

*Note: Shoreline armoring = beachfront protective structures (these terms are used interchangeably, but neither are defined in statute or rule).

The focus of this group was limited to addressing only these specific implementation provisions of Goal 18 identified by the department. The group did not address other provisions of Goal 18, nor was it the purpose of this group to debate the fundamental, date-based limitation on shoreline armoring established in Goal 18.

Focus Group Overview Document

Scope of the Focus Group

With the adoption of the coastal goals in 1977, LCDC established one of the foundational policies for the management of Oregon's ocean shore recreation area, namely that beach armoring for the protection of new shoreline development would be prohibited. A provision was provided in the policy to allow armoring to protect existing development. This was based on the rationale that prior siting and development decisions made without knowledge of this policy should be effectively "grandfathered" for purposes of shoreline armoring.

The allowance in Goal 18 for the protection of pre-1977 development is narrow and somewhat technical in its construction. Over the course of the years since the adoption of Goal 18, several issues have arisen related to the implementation of this allowance that DLCD believes warrant evaluation. This focus group was convened for the purpose of assisting DLCD in evaluating issues related to the application of the Goal 18 allowance for protection of pre-1977 development.

Focus Group Deliverables

A final report by the focus group has been finalized and submitted to DLCD for consideration related to the concepts discussed by the focus group members. This input will help guide the department's next steps. If the outcomes of this technical exercise lead the department to consider rule making or goal amendments, the public will have the opportunity to be fully involved in those processes. Updates will be posted to this webpage as they are determined.

Final Report from the Goal 18: Pre-1977 Development Focus Group

Appendix: Public Comments submitted to the focus group

Focus Group Meetings

Meetings of the Goal 18: Pre-1977 Development Focus Group were held every 5-8 weeks from January through August 2019 for a total of six meetings. Meeting dates and materials can be found in the table below.

Focus Group Members

Focus group members represent the various interests and expertise related to this topic, such as state agencies, non-profit groups, local planners, private property interests, coastal erosion specialists, and others as identified. They are listed below in alphabetical order by first name.


Meg Reed
Coastal Shores Specialist
Phone: 541-574-0811

Heather Wade
Coastal Policy Specialist
Phone: 503-934-0400

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