An adequate housing supply is a fundamental building block of a healthy community. Likewise, provision of housing for a community is one of the primary elements in a comprehensive plan for cities in Oregon. Housing takes many forms, and should be built to serve people at a variety of incomes levels. A housing supply that meets community needs is one that offers people a range of different places to live, different community densities to choose from, and does not overburden the financial resources of any group living there.
Goal 10 planning, at a local level, asks that cities inventory their "buildable lands", this refers to land inside an urban growth boundary that is suitable and available for residential use. This is determined, in large part, by local zoning codes. At a state level, both the administrative rules linked below, and Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter 215 offer local governments guidance and requirements so that they can fulfill their obligation to provide housing for residents.
Housing Needs Analysis
A housing needs analysis (HNA) is one of the components a city needs to consider if the city wants to satisfy the housing needs of its residents. An HNA is both a product and a process that the city goes through to determine areas of need in their current inventory of housing and their buildable land supply. Because the comprehensive planning process is Oregon is based on cities having a 20-year supply of land, the HNA is needed to determine if the city is satisfying this need. If the city has a deficit of housing supply for the next 20-years, the city must either expand its urban growth boundary (UGB), increase the amount of allowed housing development on lands already within the UGB, or combine these two alternatives.
As opposed to very small cities, cities with a population larger than 2,500 must include a broader range of housing types when they decide what "needed housing units" should be planned for in their community. This means they must look beyond single family detached housing and include multi-unit housing, manufactured homes, renter occupied units, and other forms of housing.
Original Adoption: 12/27/74; Effective: 1/25/75
Amended: 2/17/88; Effective: 3/31/88
Read full text version of Goal 10
Administrative Rules that implement Goal 10:
OAR 660-007 – Metropolitan Housing (applies to the Portland Metro area)
OAR 660-008 – Interpretation of Goal 10 Housing
OAR 660-038 – Simplified Urban Growth Boundary Method
OAR 660-039 – Affordable Housing Pilot Program
Character-Compatible, Space-Efficient Housing Options for Single-Dwelling Neighborhoods
Model Code for Cities: Accessory Dwelling Units (ADU) Guidance
Oregon Housing and Community Services