Skip to main content
Oregon.gov Homepage

Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Committee

The death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, or the year postpartum is a rare and tragic event. Maternal health experts are actively searching for answers about why the ratio of pregnancy-related deaths in the United States is higher than other developed nations, why it is increasing, and why the disparity by race/ethnicity is widening.

Maternal Mortality in Oregon

In Oregon, over the past 10 years, the number of maternal deaths per year has ranged from 4 to 12. However, the current method of case finding may undercount actual deaths by as much as one-third. It is also important to note that for every woman who dies, there are approximately 50 who suffer severe maternal morbidity--very severe complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery that bring them close to death. Oregon’s maternal death rate, measured as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, varies from year to year due to the overall small number of deaths but is typically at or below that of the U.S. overall.

HB 4133: Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Committee

In the 2018 legislative session, Oregon passed House Bill 4133 which gave direction to the Oregon Health Authority to form the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Review Committee. Read the full bill text.

About the Committee

The committee will:

  • Conduct studies and reviews of incidents of maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in Oregon.
  • Examine whether social determinants of health are contributing factors to the incidence of maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity.
  • Share findings and information with health care providers and facilities, social service providers, law enforcement, and many others.

Members are appointed by the Governor and represent one or more of the following communities:

  • Family Medicine physician
  • OB/GYN physician
  • Maternal Fetal Medicine physician
  • Licensed registered labor and delivery nurse
  • Licensed registered nurse who is certified as a midwife
  • Licensed direct entry midwife
  • Doula
  • Traditional health worker (see definition from sos.state.or.us Chapter 410)
  • Community-based organization representative (that focuses on communities of color and reducing racial and ethnic health disparities)
  • Community-based organization representative (that focuses on mental health)
  • Maternal and child health subject matter expert from the Oregon Health Authority
  • Public health expert
  • Medical examiner

Your browser is out-of-date! It has known security flaws and may not display all features of this and other websites. Learn how

×