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Legal Rights and Privacy

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Abortion is legal and protected in Oregon. This page includes information about both your legal and privacy rights. Below, you will find information about the following topics:

  • ​Abortion is legal in Oregon.
  • You do not need to be a resident of Oregon or a U.S. citizen to get abortion services in Oregon.
  • Oregon has no restrictions on abortions based on how far along in pregnancy you are.
  • There are also no required waiting periods before receiving an abortion.
  • There are no restrictions on getting medication abortion pills by mail within Oregon.

While medical providers may refuse to give you abortion services based on their personal beliefs, they cannot interfere with your legal right to choose to have an abortion. If you are refused an abortion, please know there are providers who will help you obtain abortion services in Oregon. See here for where to get an abortion in Oregon.

If you have any questions about your legal rights to abortion in Oregon, you can call the free and confidential Oregon Reproductive Rights Hotline at: 503-431-6460. You will be connected to an Oregon lawyer who can answer your legal questions about Oregon law or who can refer you to a different Oregon lawyer who is licensed to practice outside Oregon (or an out-of-state lawyer/hotline) if your question goes beyond Oregon law.​

You can also visit the Oregon Department of Justice's Q&A webpage on abortion law in Oregon here.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has a website to help people understand their reproductive health rights, including your right to access abortion.​

People outside of Oregon can visit the repro legal helpline for legal information and advice about abortion laws in other states.

More information about abortion rights for immigrants can be found in this resource from the National Immigration Law Center.  

Minors who are 15 years and older can consent to medical services, including abortion services, without parental/guardian consent (ORS 109.640(3), as amended by Oregon Laws 2023, Chapter 228, Section 8).

Minors under the age of 15 can consent to an abortion without parental/guardian consent only in the following circumstances: 

  • If the health care provider reasonably believes that involving the minor’s parent/guardian may result in the physical or emotional abuse or the neglect of the minor.
  • If the health care provider believes that requiring consent of the minor’s parent/guardian would not be in the minor’s best interest. In this circumstance, the health care provider is required to seek the agreement of another health care​​ provider in a separate medical practice or facility. (ORS 109.640(2)(b), as amended by Oregon Laws 2023, Chapter 228, Section 8).
If you need help understanding how this applies to you, reach out to one of the abortion clinics listed on the Where to Get an Abortion webpage.

Your right to privacy when visiting a health care provider:

Federal and state patient privacy laws protect your health information, and your health information generally cannot be released without your permission. There are exceptions. For example, your protected health information can be disclosed without your consent by a health care provider: 

  • ​For purposes of treatment or payment
  • If reporting is otherwise required by state law (like reporting certain diseases to public health authorities, or child abuse reporting)

In 2024, a new federal rule went into effect that makes sure information about reproductive health care stays private and protected. If a person receives reproductive health care that is lawful under the laws of the state where they received the care, then that information can’t be shared or used by a health care provider or health plan to conduct an investigation.

Youth under 18 have specific privacy and confidentially rights. More information can be found here.

While patient privacy laws apply to most health care organizations, including the clinics listed on the Where to Get an Abortion webpage, they do not apply to all persons or institutions that collect your personal health information. For example, some ​​clinics, like crisis pregnancy ​centers, or apps, may not be subject to federal and state privacy laws depending on whether they transmit any health information electronically. 

Health insurance and privacy:

Some of your medical information is also shared with your insurance provider. Under Oregon law, you have the right to have your insurance plan send protected health information directly to you instead of to the person who pays for your health insurance plan. People of any age, inc​luding youth, can make this request. For more information on this law and how to request protected health information, visit Oregon’s Department of Financial Regulation’s Patient right to privacy.

Make sure you talk to your health care provider about your privacy concerns.

If you are concerned that someone may find out about your abortion through your computer or phone history, you should think about digital privacy. There are steps you can take to keep your searches, location, and text messages private.

See below for resources to help you keep your online activity private: 

In 2017, Oregon passed the Reproductive Health Equity Act, otherwise known as RHEA. RHEA codified into state law a person’s right to receive an abortion, as well as a health care provider’s right to provide an abortion. 

In 2023, Oregon lawmakers expanded upon RHEA by passing HB 2002​​​, establishing the broader fundamental right for people to make decisions about their reproductive health, including the right to use or refuse contraception, to continue their pregnancy and give birth, or to terminate their pregnancy.