The federal Clean Air Act requires that permitted industrial facilities' fees fully pay for the Title V Air Quality Permit Program. DEQ can only use Title V fees to fund the Title V program. ESCO has a Title V permit. Federal law allows other sources of funding for the Air Contaminant Discharge Permit Program which are fees and State of Oregon general fund. Because other funding sources have become less available over time, fees pay for 90 to 95 percent of the Air Contaminant Discharge Permit Program. To address budget shortfalls, the Oregon Legislature has cut general fund support for the Air Contaminant Discharge Permit Program and shifted more of the funding to fees. Federal funds for state air quality programs have been flat for many years, and prospects for significant increases in federal funds are slim given federal budget challenges. Some states use revenue from penalties for air quality violations to fund air quality programs, but Oregon law prohibits this.