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Civil commitment is a process in which a judge decides whether a person alleged to be mentally ill should be required to accept mental health treatment.
A civil commitment is not a criminal conviction and will not go on a criminal record.
When a civil commitment petition has been filed, an investigator from the Community Mental Health Program (CMHP) investigates the need for the commitment. Depending on the investigator’s decision:
If a hearing is held, the person has a lawyer and witnesses testify. The judge then makes a decision whether the person should be committed.
A person can be committed if the judge finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person has a mental disorder and, because of that mental disorder, is:
A person can also be committed if the judge finds that the person is:
If the person is committed, the person may be hospitalized or may be required to undergo treatment in some other setting.
Engagement and Listening Sessions on Civil Commitment Oregon Administrative Rule Revisions, Fall 2023
Rules Advisory Committee Notifications for Chapter 309 Division 033 (Involuntary Commitment Proceedings):
Chapter 309 Division 033 rule revisions, effective 4/7/2023
Frequently asked questions about the new Placement Order form (12/29/2022)
Civil Commitment Oregon Administrative Rule
Learn more about civil commitment
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